Topic

# Rogue wave

About: Rogue wave is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2977 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 70933 citation(s). The topic is also known as: freak wave & monster wave.

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TL;DR: This work reports the observation of rogue waves in an optical system, based on a microstructured optical fibre, near the threshold of soliton-fission supercontinuum generation—a noise-sensitive nonlinear process in which extremely broadband radiation is generated from a narrowband input.

Abstract: Recent observations show that the probability of encountering an extremely large rogue wave in the open ocean is much larger than expected from ordinary wave-amplitude statistics. Although considerable effort has been directed towards understanding the physics behind these mysterious and potentially destructive events, the complete picture remains uncertain. Furthermore, rogue waves have not yet been observed in other physical systems. Here, we introduce the concept of optical rogue waves, a counterpart of the infamous rare water waves. Using a new real-time detection technique, we study a system that exposes extremely steep, large waves as rare outcomes from an almost identically prepared initial population of waves. Specifically, we report the observation of rogue waves in an optical system, based on a microstructured optical fibre, near the threshold of soliton-fission supercontinuum generation--a noise-sensitive nonlinear process in which extremely broadband radiation is generated from a narrowband input. We model the generation of these rogue waves using the generalized nonlinear Schrodinger equation and demonstrate that they arise infrequently from initially smooth pulses owing to power transfer seeded by a small noise perturbation.

1,854 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a number of ases in which these equations reduce to a one dimensional nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation are enumerated, and several analytical solutions of NLS equations are presented, with discussion of their implications for describing the propagation of water waves.

Abstract: Equations governing modulations of weakly nonlinear water waves are described. The modulations are coupled with wave-induced mean flows except in the case of water deeper than the modulation length scale. Equations suitable for water depths of the order the modulation length scale are deduced from those derived by Davey and Stewartson [5] and Dysthe [6]. A number of ases in which these equations reduce to a one dimensional nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation are enumerated.Several analytical solutions of NLS equations are presented, with discussion of some of their implications for describing the propagation of water waves. Some of the solutions have not been presented in detail, or in convenient form before. One is new, a “rational” solution describing an “amplitude peak” which is isolated in space-time. Ma's [13] soli ton is particularly relevant to the recurrence of uniform wave trains in the experiment of Lake et al.[10].In further discussion it is pointed out that although water waves are unstable to three-dimensional disturbances, an effective description of weakly nonlinear two-dimensional waves would be a useful step towards describing ocean wave propagation.

1,088 citations

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TL;DR: The Peregrine soliton was observed experimentally for the first time by using femtosecond pulses in an optical fiber as mentioned in this paper, which gave some insight into freak waves that can appear out of nowhere before simply disappearing.

Abstract: The Peregrine soliton — a wave localized in both space and time — is now observed experimentally for the first time by using femtosecond pulses in an optical fibre. The results give some insight into freak waves that can appear out of nowhere before simply disappearing.

971 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a hierarchy of rational solutions of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE) with increasing order and with progressively increasing amplitude is presented. And the authors apply the WANDT title to two objects: rogue waves in the ocean and rational solution of the NLSE.

Abstract: The title (WANDT) can be applied to two objects: rogue waves in the ocean and rational solutions of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE). There is a hierarchy of rational solutions of ‘focussing’ NLSE with increasing order and with progressively increasing amplitude. As the equation can be applied to waves in the deep ocean, the solutions can describe “rogue waves” with virtually infinite amplitude. They can appear from smooth initial conditions that are only slightly perturbed in a special way, and are given by our exact solutions. Thus, a slight perturbation on the ocean surface can dramatically increase the amplitude of the singular wave event that appears as a result.

861 citations

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TL;DR: A review of physical mechanisms of the rogue wave phenomenon is given in this article, where the authors demonstrate that freak waves may appear in deep and shallow waters and demonstrate that these mechanisms remain valid but should be modified.

Abstract: A review of physical mechanisms of the rogue wave phenomenon is given. The data of marine observations as well as laboratory experiments are briefly discussed. They demonstrate that freak waves may appear in deep and shallow waters. Simple statistical analysis of the rogue wave probability based on the assumption of a Gaussian wave field is reproduced. In the context of water wave theories the probabilistic approach shows that numerical simulations of freak waves should be made for very long times on large spatial domains and large number of realizations. As linear models of freak waves the following mechanisms are considered: dispersion enhancement of transient wave groups, geometrical focusing in basins of variable depth, and wave-current interaction. Taking into account nonlinearity of the water waves, these mechanisms remain valid but should be modified. Also, the influence of the nonlinear modulational instability (Benjamin–Feir instability) on the rogue wave occurence is discussed. Specific numerical simulations were performed in the framework of classical nonlinear evolution equations: the nonlinear Schrodinger equation, the Davey–Stewartson system, the Korteweg–de Vries equation, the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation, the Zakharov equation, and the fully nonlinear potential equations. Their results show the main features of the physical mechanisms of rogue wave phenomenon.

853 citations