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Saturable absorption

About: Saturable absorption is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 10222 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 185893 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Qiaoliang Bao1, Han Zhang2, Yu Wang1, Zhenhua Ni2  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: The optical conductance of monolayer graphene is defined solely by the fine structure constant, α = (where e is the electron charge, is Dirac's constant and c is the speed of light). The absorbance has been predicted to be independent of frequency. In principle, the interband optical absorption in zero-gap graphene could be saturated readily under strong excitation due to Pauli blocking. Here, use of atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber in a mode-locked fiber laser for the generation of ultrashort soliton pulses (756 fs) at the telecommunication band is demonstrated. The modulation depth can be tuned in a wide range from 66.5% to 6.2% by varying the graphene thickness. These results suggest that ultrathin graphene films are potentially useful as optical elements in fiber lasers. Graphene as a laser mode locker can have many merits such as lower saturation intensity, ultrafast recovery time, tunable modulation depth, and wideband tunability.

1,968 citations


Posted Content
30 Oct 2009-arXiv: Optics
Abstract: The optical conductance of monolayer graphene is defined solely by the fine structure constant. The absorbance has been predicted to be independent of frequency. In principle, the interband optical absorption in zero-gap graphene could be saturated readily under strong excitation due to Pauli blocking. Here, we demonstrate the use of atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber in a mode-locked fiber laser for the generation of ultrashort soliton pulses (756 fs) at the telecommunication band. The modulation depth can be tuned in a wide range from 66.5% to 6.2% by varying the thickness of graphene. Our results suggest that ultrathin graphene films are potentially useful as optical elements in fiber lasers. Graphene as a laser mode locker can have many merits such as lower saturation intensity, ultrafast recovery time, tunable modulation depth and wideband tuneability.

1,860 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Zhipei Sun1, Tawfique Hasan1, Felice Torrisi1, Daniel Popa1  +5 moreInstitutions (2)
25 Jan 2010-ACS Nano
TL;DR: The optoelectronic properties of graphene are exploited to realize an ultrafast laser and pave the way to graphene-based photonics.
Abstract: Graphene is at the center of a significant research effort Near-ballistic transport at room temperature and high mobility make it a potential material for nanoelectronics Its electronic and mechanical properties are also ideal for micro- and nanomechanical systems, thin-film transistors, and transparent and conductive composites and electrodes Here we exploit the optoelectronic properties of graphene to realize an ultrafast laser A graphene-polymer composite is fabricated using wet-chemistry techniques Pauli blocking following intense illumination results in saturable absorption, independent of wavelength This is used to passively mode-lock an erbium-doped fiber laser working at 1559 nm, with a 524 nm spectral bandwidth and approximately 460 fs pulse duration, paving the way to graphene-based photonics

1,719 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Ursula Keller1, K.J. Weingarten1, Franz X. Kärtner1, D. Kopf1  +6 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Intracavity semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM's) offer unique and exciting possibilities for passively pulsed solid-state laser systems, extending from Q-switched pulses in the nanosecond and picosecond regime to mode-locked pulses from 10's of picoseconds to sub-10 fs. This paper reviews the design requirements of SESAM's for stable pulse generation in both the mode-locked and Q-switched regime. The combination of device structure and material parameters for SESAM's provide sufficient design freedom to choose key parameters such as recovery time, saturation intensity, and saturation fluence, in a compact structure with low insertion loss. We have been able to demonstrate, for example, passive modelocking (with no Q-switching) using an intracavity saturable absorber in solid-state lasers with long upper state lifetimes (e.g., 1-/spl mu/m neodymium transitions), Kerr lens modelocking assisted with pulsewidths as short as 6.5 fs from a Ti:sapphire laser-the shortest pulses ever produced directly out of a laser without any external pulse compression, and passive Q-switching with pulses as short as 56 ps-the shortest pulses ever produced directly from a Q-switched solid-state laser. Diode-pumping of such lasers is leading to practical, real-world ultrafast sources, and we will review results on diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF, Nd:glass, Yb:YAG, Nd:YAG, Nd:YLF, Nd:LSB, and Nd:YVO/sub 4/.

1,698 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Han Zhang1, Shunbin Lu2, J. Zheng3, Juan Du2  +3 moreInstitutions (4)
24 Mar 2014-Optics Express
TL;DR: The finding suggests that few-layered MoS₂ nanoplatelets can be useful nonlinear optical material for laser photonics devices, such as passive laser mode locker, Q-switcher, optical limiter, optical switcher and so on.
Abstract: The nonlinear optical property of few-layered MoS2 nanoplatelets synthesized by the hydrothermal exfoliation method was investigated from the visible to the near-infrared band using lasers. Both open-aperture Z-scan and balanced-detector measurement techniques were used to demonstrate the broadband saturable absorption property of few-layered MoS2. To explore its potential applications in ultrafast photonics, we fabricated a passive mode locker for ytterbium-doped fibre laser by depositing few-layered MoS2 onto the end facet of optical fiber by means of an optical trapping approach. Our laser experiment shows that few-layer MoS2-based mode locker allows for the generation of stable mode-locked laser pulse, centered at 1054.3 nm, with a 3-dB spectral bandwidth of 2.7 nm and a pulse duration of 800 ps. Our finding suggests that few-layered MoS2 nanoplatelets can be useful nonlinear optical material for laser photonics devices, such as passive laser mode locker, Q-switcher, optical limiter, optical switcher and so on.

868 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202229
2021467
2020573
2019724
2018679
2017600