Scanning electron microscope
About: Scanning electron microscope is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 74745 publications have been published within this topic receiving 1328968 citations. The topic is also known as: SEM & raster electron microscope.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The tensile strengths of individual multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were measured with a "nanostressing stage" located within a scanning electron microscope and a variety of structures were revealed, such as a nanotube ribbon, a wave pattern, and partial radial collapse.
Abstract: The tensile strengths of individual multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were measured with a “nanostressing stage” located within a scanning electron microscope. The tensile-loading experiment was prepared and observed entirely within the microscope and was recorded on video. The MWCNTs broke in the outermost layer (“sword-in-sheath” failure), and the tensile strength of this layer ranged from 11 to 63 gigapascals for the set of 19 MWCNTs that were loaded. Analysis of the stress-strain curves for individual MWCNTs indicated that the Young's modulus E of the outermost layer varied from 270 to 950 gigapascals. Transmission electron microscopic examination of the broken nanotube fragments revealed a variety of structures, such as a nanotube ribbon, a wave pattern, and partial radial collapse.
18 Nov 2017
TL;DR: In this article, a new route for the synthesis of a nanotube made of titanium oxide is presented, where needle-shaped TiO2 crystals (anatase phase) with a diameter of 8 nm and a length of 100 nm were obtained when sol−gel-derived fine TiO 2-based powders were treated chemically with a 5−10 M NaOH aqueous solution.
Abstract: Nanotubes composed of various materials such as carbon, boron nitride, and oxides have been studied recently. In this report, the discovery of a new route for the synthesis of a nanotube made of titanium oxide is presented. Needle-shaped TiO2 crystals (anatase phase) with a diameter of ≈8 nm and a length of ≈100 nm were obtained when sol−gel-derived fine TiO2-based powders were treated chemically (e.g., for 20 h at 110 °C) with a 5−10 M NaOH aqueous solution. It was found by observation using a transmission electron microscope that the needle-shaped products have a tube structure. The TiO2 nanotubes have a large specific surface area of ≈400 m2·g-1. TiO2 nanotubes obtained in the present work are anticipated to have great potential for use in the preparation of catalysts, adsorbants, and deodorants with high activities, because their specific surface area is greatly increased. If metallic-, inorganic-, or organic-based materials can be inserted into the TiO2 nanotubes, novel characteristics such as electr...
28 Dec 1993
TL;DR: Two cylindrically symmetric and complementary sputtering geometries, the post and hollow cathodes, were used to deposit thick coatings of various metals (Mo, Cr, Ti, Fe, Cu, and Al-alloy) onto glass and metallic substrates at deposition rates of 1000-2000 A/min under various conditions of substrate temperature, argon pressure, and plasma bombardment as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Two cylindrically symmetric and complementary sputtering geometries, the post and hollow cathodes, were used to deposit thick (∼25-μ) coatings of various metals (Mo, Cr, Ti, Fe, Cu, and Al-alloy) onto glass and metallic substrates at deposition rates of 1000–2000 A/min under various conditions of substrate temperature, argon pressure, and plasma bombardment. Coating surface topographies and fracture cross sections were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Polished cross sections were examined metallographically. Crystallographic orientations were determined by x-ray diffraction. Microstructures were generally consistent with the three-zone model proposed by Movchan and Demchishin [Fiz. Metal. Metalloved. 28, 653 (1969)]. Three differences were noted: (1) at low argon pressures a broad zone 1–zone 2 transition zone consisting of densely packed fibrous grains was identified; (2) zone 2 columnar grains tended to be faceted at elevated temperatures, although facets were often replaced by smooth flat surf...
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