Scanning tunneling spectroscopy
About: Scanning tunneling spectroscopy is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7886 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 213828 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
15 Jan 1985-Physical Review B
TL;DR: In this paper, a metal tip is scanned along the surface while ad justing its height to maintain constant vacuum tunneling current, and a contour map of the surface is generated.
Abstract: The recent development of the “scanning tunneling microscope” (STM) by Binnig et al. [8.1–5] has made possible the direct real-space imaging of surface topography. In this technique, a metal tip is scanned along the surface while ad justing its height to maintain constant vacuum tunneling current. The result is essentially a contour map of the surface. This contribution reviews the the ory [8.6–8] of STM, with illustrative examples. Because the microscopic structure of the tip is unknown, the tip wave functions are modeled as s-wave functions in the present approach [8.6, 7]. This approximation works best for small effective tip size. The tunneling current is found to be proportional to the surface local density of states (at the Fermi level), evaluated at the position of the tip. The effective resolution is roughly [2A(R+d)]1/2, where R is the effective tip radius and d is the gap distance. When applied to the 2x1 and 3x1 reconstructions of the Au(l10) surface, the theory gives excellent agreement with experiment [8.4] if a 9 A tip radius is assumed. For dealing with more complex or aperiodic surfaces, a crude but convenient calculational technique based on atom charge superposition is introduced; it reproduces the Au(l10) results reasonably well. This method is used to test the structure-sensitivity of STM. The Au(l10) image is found to be rather insensitive to the position of atoms beyond the first atomic layer.
TL;DR: The results, although demonstrating that nanotubes could find use as sensitive chemical gas sensors, likewise indicate that many supposedly intrinsic properties measured on as-prepared nanotube may be severely compromised by extrinsic air exposure effects.
Abstract: The electronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes are shown here to be extremely sensitive to the chemical environment. Exposure to air or oxygen dramatically influences the nanotubes' electrical resistance, thermoelectric power, and local density of states, as determined by transport measurements and scanning tunneling spectroscopy. These electronic parameters can be reversibly "tuned" by surprisingly small concentrations of adsorbed gases, and an apparently semiconducting nanotube can be converted into an apparent metal through such exposure. These results, although demonstrating that nanotubes could find use as sensitive chemical gas sensors, likewise indicate that many supposedly intrinsic properties measured on as-prepared nanotubes may be severely compromised by extrinsic air exposure effects.
01 Jan 1992
15 Jun 1974-Applied Physics Letters
TL;DR: In this article, a double-barrier structure with a thin GaAs sandwiched between two GaAlas barriers has been shown to have resonance in the tunneling current at voltages near the quasistationary states of the potential well.
Abstract: Resonant tunneling of electrons has been observed in double‐barrier structures having a thin GaAs sandwiched between two GaAlas barriers. The resonance manifests itself as peaks or humps in the tunneling current at voltages near the quasistationary states of the potential well. The structures have been fabricated by molecular beam epitaxy which produces extremely smooth films and interfaces.
10 Jan 1983-Physical Review Letters
TL;DR: In this paper, a modified adatom model with 12 adatoms per unit cell and an inhomogeneously relaxed underlying top layer was used for Si(111) reconstruction.
Abstract: The 7× 7 reconstruction on Si(111) was observed in real space by scanning tunneling microscopy. The experiment strongly favors a modified adatom model with 12 adatoms per unit cell and an inhomogeneously relaxed underlying top layer.
Trending Questions (1)
Related Topics (5)
86.8K papers, 2.2M citations
76.7K papers, 1.9M citations
107.8K papers, 1.9M citations
275.5K papers, 4.5M citations
83.4K papers, 1.8M citations