Topic

# Scattering amplitude

About: Scattering amplitude is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 14581 publications have been published within this topic receiving 321522 citations.

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TL;DR: In this article, the low energy representation of several Green's functions and form factors and of the na scattering amplitude are calculated in terms of a few constants, which may be identified with the coupling constants of a unique effective low energy Lagrangian.

Abstract: * in terms of a few constants, which may be identified with the coupling constants of a unique effective low energy Lagrangian. The low energy representation of several Green’s functions and form factors and of the na scattering amplitude are then calculated. The values of the low energy coupling constants are extracted from available experimental data. The corrections of order Mj, to the xz scattering lengths and effective ranges turn out to be substantial and the improved low energy theorems agree very well with the measured phase shifts. The observed differences between the data and the uncorrected soft pion theorems may even be used to measure the scalar radius of the pion, which plays a central role in the low energy expansion. 0 1984 Academic Press, Inc.

3,062 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a new formulation of the theory of nuclear reactions based on the properties of a generalized "optical" potential is presented, where the real and imaginary part of this potential satisfy a dispersion type relation while its poles give rise to resonances in nuclear reactions.

Abstract: A new formulation of the theory of nuclear reactions based on the properties of a generalized “optical” potential is presented. The real and imaginary part of this potential satisfy a dispersion type relation while its poles give rise to resonances in nuclear reactions. A new derivation of the Breit-Wigner formula is given in which the concept of channel radius is not employed. This derivation is extended to the case of overlapping resonances. These results can then be employed to obtain the complex potential well model for pure elastic scattering. This potential well is shown to become real as the average width of the resonances increases. Reactions as well as elastic scattering are treated. Considering the former process in an isolated resonance, we obtain a nonresonant term analogous to the familiar potential scattering term of elastic scattering. This is just the direct interaction term which thus appears automatically in this formalism. Upon performing the appropriate energy averages over resonances, the complex potential well model is generalized so as to include inelastic scattering. The effects of the identity of nucleons is investigated. It is shown that our formalism is valid as long as the exit channels can at most contain one nucleon.

2,058 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a systematic analysis in perturbative quantum chromodynamics (QCD) of large-momentum-transfer exclusive processes is presented, where the scaling behavior, angular dependence, helicity structure, and normalization of elastic and inelastic form factors and large-angle exclusive scattering amplitudes for hadrons and photons are given.

Abstract: We present a systematic analysis in perturbative quantum chromodynamics (QCD) of large-momentum-transfer exclusive processes. Predictions are given for the scaling behavior, angular dependence, helicity structure, and normalization of elastic and inelastic form factors and large-angle exclusive scattering amplitudes for hadrons and photons. We prove that these reactions are dominated by quark and gluon subprocesses at short distances, and thus that the dimensional-counting rules for the power-law falloff of these amplitudes with momentum transfer are rigorous predictions of QCD, modulo calculable logarithmic corrections from the behavior of the hadronic wave functions at short distances. These anomalous-dimension corrections are determined by evolution equations for process-independent meson and baryon "distribution amplitudes" $\ensuremath{\varphi}({x}_{i}, Q)$ which control the valence-quark distributions in high-momentum-transfer exclusive reactions. The analysis can be carried out systematically in powers of ${\ensuremath{\alpha}}_{s}({Q}^{2})$, the QCD running coupling constant. Although the calculations are most conveniently carried out using light-cone perturbation theory and the light-cone gauge, we also present a gauge-independent analysis and relate the distribution amplitude to a gauge-invariant Bethe-Salpeter amplitude.

2,050 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown how various well-known asymptotic power laws in S(q) are obtained from the above theory, and the theory is compared with experimental results on x-ray scattering from a polished Pyrex glass surface.

Abstract: The scattering of x rays and neutrons from rough surfaces is calculated. It is split into specular reflection and diffuse scattering terms. These are calculated in the first Born approximation, and explicit expressions are given for surfaces whose roughness can be described as self-affine over finite length scales. Expressions are also given for scattering from liquid surfaces, where it is shown that ``specular'' reflections only exist by virtue of a finite length cutoff to the mean-square height fluctuations. Expressions are also given for the scattering from randomly oriented surfaces, as studied in a typical small-angle scattering experiment. It is shown how various well-known asymptotic power laws in S(q) are obtained from the above theory. The distorted-wave Born approximation is next used to treat the case where the scattering is large (e.g., near the critical angle for total external reflection), and its limits of validity are discussed. Finally, the theory is compared with experimental results on x-ray scattering from a polished Pyrex glass surface.

1,963 citations

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TL;DR: A short and direct proof of this recursion relation for tree-level scattering amplitudes based on properties of tree- level amplitudes only is given.

Abstract: Recently, by using the known structure of one-loop scattering amplitudes for gluons in Yang-Mills theory, a recursion relation for tree-level scattering amplitudes has been deduced. Here, we give a short and direct proof of this recursion relation based on properties of tree-level amplitudes only.

1,508 citations