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Schottky barrier

About: Schottky barrier is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 22570 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 427746 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Schottky barrier junction.

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1124005
Zhong Lin Wang1, Zhong Lin Wang2, Jinhui Song2Institutions (2)
14 Apr 2006-Science
Abstract: We have converted nanoscale mechanical energy into electrical energy by means of piezoelectric zinc oxide nanowire (NW) arrays. The aligned NWs are deflected with a conductive atomic force microscope tip in contact mode. The coupling of piezoelectric and semiconducting properties in zinc oxide creates a strain field and charge separation across the NW as a result of its bending. The rectifying characteristic of the Schottky barrier formed between the metal tip and the NW leads to electrical current generation. The efficiency of the NW-based piezoelectric power generator is estimated to be 17 to 30%. This approach has the potential of converting mechanical, vibrational, and/or hydraulic energy into electricity for powering nanodevices.

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Topics: Nanogenerator (69%), Piezophototronics (56%), Piezoelectricity (53%) ...read more

5,928 Citations


Open accessBook
Emlyn Rhoderick1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1978-
Abstract: A review is given of our present knowledge of metal-semiconductor contacts. Topics covered include the factors that determine the height of the Schottky barrier, its current/voltage characteristics, and its capacitance. A short discussion is also given of practical contacts and their application in semiconductor technology, and a comparison is made with p-n junctions.

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Topics: Schottky barrier (74%), Metal–semiconductor junction (72%), Schottky diode (69%) ...read more

4,277 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE01797
Ali Javey1, Jing Guo2, Qian Wang1, Mark Lundstrom2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
07 Aug 2003-Nature
Abstract: A common feature of the single-walled carbon-nanotube field-effect transistors fabricated to date has been the presence of a Schottky barrier at the nanotube–metal junctions1,2,3. These energy barriers severely limit transistor conductance in the ‘ON’ state, and reduce the current delivery capability—a key determinant of device performance. Here we show that contacting semiconducting single-walled nanotubes by palladium, a noble metal with high work function and good wetting interactions with nanotubes, greatly reduces or eliminates the barriers for transport through the valence band of nanotubes. In situ modification of the electrode work function by hydrogen is carried out to shed light on the nature of the contacts. With Pd contacts, the ‘ON’ states of semiconducting nanotubes can behave like ohmically contacted ballistic metallic tubes, exhibiting room-temperature conductance near the ballistic transport limit of 4e2/h (refs 4–6), high current-carrying capability (∼25 µA per tube), and Fabry–Perot interferences5 at low temperatures. Under high voltage operation, the current saturation appears to be set by backscattering of the charge carriers by optical phonons. High-performance ballistic nanotube field-effect transistors with zero or slightly negative Schottky barriers are thus realized.

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3,008 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1116/1.591472
Abstract: Wide-band-gap oxides such as SrTiO3 are shown to be critical tests of theories of Schottky barrier heights based on metal-induced gap states and charge neutrality levels. This theory is reviewed and used to calculate the Schottky barrier heights and band offsets for many important high dielectric constant oxides on Pt and Si. Good agreement with experiment is found for barrier heights. The band offsets for electrons on Si are found to be small for many key oxides such as SrTiO3 and Ta2O5 which limit their utility as gate oxides in future silicon field effect transistors. The calculations are extended to screen other proposed oxides such as BaZrO3. ZrO2, HfO2, La2O3, Y2O3, HfSiO4, and ZrSiO4. Predictions are also given for barrier heights of the ferroelectric oxides Pb1−xZrxTiO3 and SrBi2Ta2O9 which are used in nonvolatile memories.

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Topics: Schottky barrier (59%), Band gap (56%), High-κ dielectric (50%)

1,848 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/1.323948
Abstract: The behavior of semiconducting electrodes for photoelectrolysis of water is examined in terms of the physical properties of the semiconductor. The semiconductor‐electrolyte junction is treated as a simple Schottky barrier, and the photocurrent is described using this model. The approach is appropriate since large‐band‐gap semiconductors have an intrinsic oxygen overpotential which removes the electrode reaction kinetics as the rate‐limiting step. The model is successful in describing the wavelength and potential dependence of the photocurrent in WO3 and allows a determination of the band gap, optical absorption depth, minority‐carrier diffusion length, flat‐band potential, and the nature of the fundamental optical transition (direct or indirect). It is shown for WO3 that minority‐carrier diffusion plays a limited role in determining the photoresponse of the semiconductor‐electrolyte junction. There are indications that the diffusion length in this low carrier mobility material is determined by diffusion‐controlled bulk recombination processes rather than the more common trap‐limited recombination. It is also shown that the fundamental optical transition is indirect and that the band‐gap energy depends relatively strongly on applied potential and electrolyte. This effect seems to be the result of field‐induced crystallographic distortions in antiferroelectric WO3.

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Topics: Photoelectrolysis (54%), Schottky barrier (53%), Photocurrent (51%) ...read more

1,635 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202223
2021668
2020757
2019824
2018847
2017812

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

V. Rajagopal Reddy

100 papers, 1.2K citations

Abdulmecit Türüt

85 papers, 2.5K citations

W. E. Spicer

63 papers, 1.7K citations

Chel-Jong Choi

56 papers, 743 citations

Fabrizio Roccaforte

54 papers, 1.1K citations

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