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Schottky diode

About: Schottky diode is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 25676 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 401363 citation(s). The topic is also known as: hot carrier diode & Schottky barrier diode.


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01 Jan 1978
Abstract: A review is given of our present knowledge of metal-semiconductor contacts. Topics covered include the factors that determine the height of the Schottky barrier, its current/voltage characteristics, and its capacitance. A short discussion is also given of practical contacts and their application in semiconductor technology, and a comparison is made with p-n junctions.

4,277 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Ali Javey1, Jing Guo2, Qian Wang1, Mark Lundstrom2, Hongjie Dai1 
07 Aug 2003-Nature
TL;DR: It is shown that contacting semiconducting single-walled nanotubes by palladium, a noble metal with high work function and good wetting interactions with nanotube, greatly reduces or eliminates the barriers for transport through the valence band of nanot tubes.
Abstract: A common feature of the single-walled carbon-nanotube field-effect transistors fabricated to date has been the presence of a Schottky barrier at the nanotube–metal junctions1,2,3. These energy barriers severely limit transistor conductance in the ‘ON’ state, and reduce the current delivery capability—a key determinant of device performance. Here we show that contacting semiconducting single-walled nanotubes by palladium, a noble metal with high work function and good wetting interactions with nanotubes, greatly reduces or eliminates the barriers for transport through the valence band of nanotubes. In situ modification of the electrode work function by hydrogen is carried out to shed light on the nature of the contacts. With Pd contacts, the ‘ON’ states of semiconducting nanotubes can behave like ohmically contacted ballistic metallic tubes, exhibiting room-temperature conductance near the ballistic transport limit of 4e2/h (refs 4–6), high current-carrying capability (∼25 µA per tube), and Fabry–Perot interferences5 at low temperatures. Under high voltage operation, the current saturation appears to be set by backscattering of the charge carriers by optical phonons. High-performance ballistic nanotube field-effect transistors with zero or slightly negative Schottky barriers are thus realized.

3,008 citations

01 Jan 1981

2,150 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We report visible light emission from Shottky diodes made from semiconducting polymers, confirming the discovery by the Cambridge group [Nature 347, 539 (1990)]. Our results demonstrate that light‐emitting diodes can be fabricated by casting the polymer film from solution with no subsequent processing or heat treatment required. Electrical characterization reveals diode behavior with rectification ratios greater than 104. We propose that tunneling of electrons from the recitifying metal contact into the gap states of the positive polaron majority carriers dominates current flow and provides the mechanism for light emission.

2,017 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: It is shown that by using the forward current density‐voltage (J‐V) characteristics of a Schottky diode, a plot of d(V)/d(ln J) vs J and a plot of the function H(J) vs J, where H(J)≡V−n(kT/q)ln(J/A**T2), will each give a straight line. The ideality factor n, the barrier height φB, and the series resistance R of the Schottky diode can be determined with one single I‐V measurement. This procedure has been used successfully to study thermal annealing effects of W/GaAs Schottky contacts.

1,908 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202215
2021707
2020834
2019984
2018937
2017887