Topic

# Scintillation

About: Scintillation is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 14022 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 187694 citation(s).

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01 Mar 2001
TL;DR: Optical wave propagation in random media is discussed in this paper, where the authors present a background review of the background of optical wave propagation and its application in the field of laser communication systems.
Abstract: Optical Wave Propagation In Random Media - Background Review Optical Scintillation Modelling Theory Of Scintillation - Plane Wave Model Theory Of Scintillation - Spherical Wave Model Theory Of Scintillation - Gaussian-Beam Wave Model Aperture Averaging Optical Communication Systems Fade Statistics For Lasercom Systems Laser Radar Systems - Scintillation Of Return Waves Laser Radar Systems - Imaging Through Turbulence.

981 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors developed a model for the probability density function (pdf) of the irradiance fluctuations of an optical wave propagating through a turbulent medium, which is a two-parameter distribution that is based on a doubly stochastic theory of scintillation.
Abstract: We develop a model for the probability density function (pdf) of the irradiance fluctuations of an optical wave propagating through a turbulent medium. The model is a two-parameter distribution that is based on a doubly stochastic theory of scintillation that assumes that small-scale irradiance fluctuations are modulated by large-scale irradi- ance fluctuations of the propagating wave, both governed by indepen- dent gamma distributions. The resulting irradiance pdf takes the form of a generalized K distribution that we term the gamma-gamma distribution. The two parameters of the gamma-gamma pdf are determined using a recently published theory of scintillation, using only values of the refractive-index structure parameter C n (or Rytov variance) and inner scale l 0 provided with the simulation data. This enables us to directly calculate various log-irradiance moments that are necessary in the scaled plots. We make a number of comparisons with published plane wave and spherical wave simulation data over a wide range of turbu- lence conditions (weak to strong) that includes inner scale effects. The gamma-gamma pdf is found to generally provide a good fit to the simu- lation data in nearly all cases tested. © 2001 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumen-

935 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
, M. Bauer2, A. Bento3, A. Bento1, D. Hauff1, P. Huff1, S. Roth4
TL;DR: The CRESST-II cryogenic Dark Matter search, aiming at detection of WIMPs via elastic scattering off nuclei in CaWO4 crystals, completed 730 kg days of data taking in 2011 as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The CRESST-II cryogenic Dark Matter search, aiming at detection of WIMPs via elastic scattering off nuclei in CaWO4 crystals, completed 730 kg days of data taking in 2011. We present the data collected with eight detector modules, each with a two-channel readout; one for a phonon signal and the other for coincidently produced scintillation light. The former provides a precise measure of the energy deposited by an interaction, and the ratio of scintillation light to deposited energy can be used to discriminate different types of interacting particles and thus to distinguish possible signal events from the dominant backgrounds.

797 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
02 Nov 1991
TL;DR: In this article, a single-crystal inorganic scintillator, cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate (Lu/sub 2(1-x)/Ce/sub2x/(SiO/sub 4/) or LSO, was discussed.
Abstract: The authors discuss a single-crystal inorganic scintillator, cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate (Lu/sub 2(1-x)/Ce/sub 2x/(SiO/sub 4/) or LSO). It has a scintillation emission intensity which is approximately 75% of NaI(Tl) with a decay time of approximately 40 ns. The peak emission wavelength is 420 nm. It has a very high gamma-ray detection efficiency due to its density of 7.4 g/cm/sup 3/ and its effective atomic number of 66. Its radiation length of 1.14 cm is only slightly longer than bismuth germanate (BGO). The scintillation properties of Ce-doped LSO are compared to NaI(Tl), BGO, and cerium-doped gadolinium oxyorthosilicate (GSO). In addition to desirable physical properties such as high density and high atomic number, LSO also processes a combination of high emission intensity and fast decay which together are superior to any other known single crystal scintillator. >

739 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present the data collected with eight detector modules, each with a two-channel readout; one for a phonon signal and the other for coincidently produced scintillation light.
Abstract: The CRESST-II cryogenic Dark Matter search, aiming at detection of WIMPs via elastic scattering off nuclei in CaWO$_4$ crystals, completed 730 kg days of data taking in 2011. We present the data collected with eight detector modules, each with a two-channel readout; one for a phonon signal and the other for coincidently produced scintillation light. The former provides a precise measure of the energy deposited by an interaction, and the ratio of scintillation light to deposited energy can be used to discriminate different types of interacting particles and thus to distinguish possible signal events from the dominant backgrounds. Sixty-seven events are found in the acceptance region where a WIMP signal in the form of low energy nuclear recoils would be expected. We estimate background contributions to this observation from four sources: 1) "leakage" from the e/\gamma-band 2) "leakage" from the \alpha-particle band 3) neutrons and 4) Pb-206 recoils from Po-210 decay. Using a maximum likelihood analysis, we find, at a high statistical significance, that these sources alone are not sufficient to explain the data. The addition of a signal due to scattering of relatively light WIMPs could account for this discrepancy, and we determine the associated WIMP parameters.

697 citations

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##### Performance
###### Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20228
2021397
2020521
2019561
2018566
2017568