Topic

# Semidirect product

About: Semidirect product is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1467 publications have been published within this topic receiving 19472 citations.

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TL;DR: In this article, the Lagrangian analogue of Lie-Poisson Hamiltonian systems is defined on semidirect product Lie algebras, and an abstract Kelvin-Noether theorem for these equations is derived.

Abstract: We study Euler–Poincare systems (i.e., the Lagrangian analogue of Lie–Poisson Hamiltonian systems) defined on semidirect product Lie algebras. We first give a derivation of the Euler–Poincare equations for a parameter dependent Lagrangian by using a variational principle of Lagrange d'Alembert type. Then we derive an abstract Kelvin–Noether theorem for these equations. We also explore their relation with the theory of Lie–Poisson Hamiltonian systems defined on the dual of a semidirect product Lie algebra. The Legendre transformation in such cases is often not invertible; thus, it does not produce a corresponding Euler–Poincare system on that Lie algebra. We avoid this potential difficulty by developing the theory of Euler–Poincare systems entirely within the Lagrangian framework. We apply the general theory to a number of known examples, including the heavy top, ideal compressible fluids and MHD. We also use this framework to derive higher dimensional Camassa–Holm equations, which have many potentially interesting analytical properties. These equations are Euler–Poincare equations for geodesics on diffeomorphism groups (in the sense of the Arnold program) but where the metric is H^1 rather thanL^2.

1,055 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors show that the κ-deformed Poincare quantum algebra proposed for particle physics has the structure of a Hopf algebra bicrossproduct U(so (1, 3)) T.

Abstract: We show that the κ-deformed Poincare quantum algebra proposed for particle physics has the structure of a Hopf algebra bicrossproduct U(so (1, 3)) T . The algebra is a semidirect product of the classical Lorentz group so(1,3) acting in a formed way on the momentum sector T. The novel feature is that the coalgebra is also semidirect, with a backreaction of the momentum sector on the Lorentz rotations. Using this, we show that the κ-Poincare acts covariantly on a κ-Minkowski space, which we introduce. It turns out necessarily to be deformed and non-commutative. We also connect this algebra with a previous approach to Planck scale physics.

728 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, it was shown that the deformed Poincar et al. quantum algebra proposed for elementary particle physics has the structure of a Hopf agebra bicrossproduct with a backreaction of the momentum sector on the Lorentz rotations.

Abstract: We show that the $\kappa$-deformed Poincar\'e quantum algebra proposed for elementary particle physics has the structure of a Hopf agebra bicrossproduct $U(so(1,3))\cobicross T$. The algebra is a semidirect product of the classical Lorentz group $so(1,3)$ acting in a deformed way on the momentum sector $T$. The novel feature is that the coalgebra is also semidirect, with a backreaction of the momentum sector on the Lorentz rotations. Using this, we show that the $\kappa$-Poincar\'e acts covariantly on a $\kappa$-Minkowski space, which we introduce. It turns out necessarily to be deformed and non-commutative. We also connect this algebra with a previous approach to Planck scale physics.

599 citations

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TL;DR: The smash product algebra and the smash coproduct coalgebra are well known in the context of Hopf algebras [ 1,5], and these notions can be viewed as being motivated by the semidirect product construction in the theory of groups as discussed by the authors.

Abstract: The smash product algebra and the smash coproduct coalgebra are well known in the context of Hopf algebras [ 1,5], and these notions can be viewed as being motivated by the semidirect product construction in the theory of groups and in the theory of afIine group schemes, respectively. Let

519 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors show how to reduce a Hamiltonian system on the cotangent bundle of a Lie group to a Hamiltonians system in the dual of the Lie algebra of a semidirect product.

Abstract: This paper shows how to reduce a Hamiltonian system on the cotangent bundle of a Lie group to a Hamiltonian system in the dual of the Lie algebra of a semidirect product. The procedure simplifies, unifies, and extends work of Greene, Guillemin, Holm, Holmes, Kupershmidt, Marsden, Morrison, Ratiu, Sternberg and others. The heavy top, compressible fluids, magnetohydrodynamics, elasticity, the Maxwell-Vlasov equations and multifluid plasmas are presented as examples. Starting with Lagrangian variables, our method explains in a direct way why semidirect products occur so frequently in examples. It also provides a framework for the systematic introduction of Clebsch, or canonical, variables

362 citations