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Sensorineural hearing loss

About: Sensorineural hearing loss is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 8879 publications have been published within this topic receiving 169430 citations. The topic is also known as: High Frequency Hearing Loss & High frequency deafness.


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Book
01 Jan 1982
TL;DR: The book is written so that those entering auditory research from very little background in auditory neuroscience are able to understand the current research issues and research literature and is an excellent reading companion to practitioners and scholars.
Abstract: The Physics and Analysis of Sound The Outer and Middle Ears The Cochlea The Auditory Nerve Mechanisms of Transduction and Excitation in the Cochlea The Brainstem Nuclei The Auditory Cortex The Centrifugal Pathways Physiological Correlates of Auditory Psychophysics and Performance Sensorineural Hearing Loss References Subject Index

1,057 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
21 Apr 2010-JAMA
TL;DR: The use of cochlear implants in young children was associated with better spoken language learning than would be predicted from their preimplantation scores.
Abstract: Context Cochlear implantation is a surgical alternative to traditional amplification (hearing aids) that can facilitate spoken language development in young children with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Objective To prospectively assess spoken language acquisition following cochlear implantation in young children. Design, setting, and participants Prospective, longitudinal, and multidimensional assessment of spoken language development over a 3-year period in children who underwent cochlear implantation before 5 years of age (n = 188) from 6 US centers and hearing children of similar ages (n = 97) from 2 preschools recruited between November 2002 and December 2004. Follow-up completed between November 2005 and May 2008. Main outcome measures Performance on measures of spoken language comprehension and expression (Reynell Developmental Language Scales). Results Children undergoing cochlear implantation showed greater improvement in spoken language performance (10.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 9.6-11.2 points per year in comprehension; 8.4; 95% CI, 7.8-9.0 in expression) than would be predicted by their preimplantation baseline scores (5.4; 95% CI, 4.1-6.7, comprehension; 5.8; 95% CI, 4.6-7.0, expression), although mean scores were not restored to age-appropriate levels after 3 years. Younger age at cochlear implantation was associated with significantly steeper rate increases in comprehension (1.1; 95% CI, 0.5-1.7 points per year younger) and expression (1.0; 95% CI, 0.6-1.5 points per year younger). Similarly, each 1-year shorter history of hearing deficit was associated with steeper rate increases in comprehension (0.8; 95% CI, 0.2-1.2 points per year shorter) and expression (0.6; 95% CI, 0.2-1.0 points per year shorter). In multivariable analyses, greater residual hearing prior to cochlear implantation, higher ratings of parent-child interactions, and higher socioeconomic status were associated with greater rates of improvement in comprehension and expression. Conclusion The use of cochlear implants in young children was associated with better spoken language learning than would be predicted from their preimplantation scores.

914 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The prevalence of hearing loss in the schools almost doubles when children with MSHL are included and this large, education‐based study shows clinically important associations between MSHL and school behavior and performance.
Abstract: Objective:This study was designed to determine the prevalence of minimal sensorineural hearing loss (MSHL) in school-age children and to assess the relationship of MSHL to educational performance and functional status.Design:To determine prevalence, a single-staged sampling frame of all schools in t

767 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is found that 65% recover completely to functional hearing levels spontaneously and independent of any type of medical treatment, and that because of the high spontaneous recovery rates, tympanotomies seeking perilymph fistulas should be delayed ten days unless there is a progressive hearing loss.
Abstract: This is a prospective in-depth study of patients with sudden idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss. We found that 65% recover completely to functional hearing levels spontaneously and independent of any type of medical treatment. The majority do so within 14 days and many within the first few days. Prognosis can be predicted according to the slope of the initial audiogram (low-frequency losses do better than high-frequency losses), hearing at 8 kHz, erythrocyte sedimentation rates, in some select instances spatial disorientation symptoms, and speech discrimination scores. There was a very poor correlation between hearing and vestibular test abnormalities, except hypoactive calories. There were no correlations with age (excepting the very elderly), with antecedent respiratory infections, hypertension, diabetes, or other chronic diseases. We conclude that there is a fundamental difference in the behavior of apical and basal cochlea losses, that hearing recovery is always better at low than at high frequencies, that because of the high spontaneous recovery rates, tympanotomies seeking peri-lymph fistulas should be delayed ten days unless there is a progressive hearing loss, and that none of the current recommended treatments, especially histamine, have any effect on the outcome.

729 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Establishment of vaccination programmes for several vaccine-preventable infectious diseases would reduce rates of acquired SNHL and focused genetic counselling and health education might lead to a decrease in the prevalence of inherited SNHL in these countries.

679 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023297
2022573
2021472
2020452
2019430
2018355