Topic

# Shallow water equations

About: Shallow water equations is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 5564 publications have been published within this topic receiving 138616 citations.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

More filters

••

[...]

TL;DR: A new completely integrable dispersive shallow water equation that is bi-Hamiltonian and thus possesses an infinite number of conservation laws in involution is derived.

Abstract: We derive a new completely integrable dispersive shallow water equation that is bi-Hamiltonian and thus possesses an infinite number of conservation laws in involution. The equation is obtained by using an asymptotic expansion directly in the Hamiltonian for Euler's equations in the shallow water regime. The soliton solution for this equation has a limiting form that has a discontinuity in the first derivative at its peak.

3,164 citations

••

[...]

TL;DR: In this paper, a relocatable system for generalized inverse (GI) modeling of barotropic ocean tides is described, where the GI penalty functional is minimized using a representer method, which requires repeated solution of the forward and adjoint linearized shallow water equations.

Abstract: A computationally efficient relocatable system for generalized inverse (GI) modeling of barotropic ocean tides is described. The GI penalty functional is minimized using a representer method, which requires repeated solution of the forward and adjoint linearized shallow water equations (SWEs). To make representer computations efficient, the SWEs are solved in the frequency domain by factoring the coefficient matrix for a finite-difference discretization of the second-order wave equation in elevation. Once this matrix is factored representers can be calculated rapidly. By retaining the first-order SWE system (defined in terms of both elevations and currents) in the definition of the discretized GI penalty functional, complete generality in the choice of dynamical error covariances is retained. This allows rational assumptions about errors in the SWE, with soft momentum balance constraints (e.g., to account for inaccurate parameterization of dissipation), but holds mass conservation constraints. Wh...

2,538 citations

••

[...]

TL;DR: In this article, the authors show that Rademacher's theorem for functions with values in Banach spaces implies that the function m is almost everywhere differentiable on (0, T) with dm dt (t)=vt~(t, x) -m( t ) <<.

Abstract: WAVE BREAKING FOR NONLINEAR NONLOCAL SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS 233 THEOREM 2.1. Let T>O and vE C 1 ([0, T); H 2(R)). Then for every t~ [0, T) there exists at least one point ~(t)ER with ,~(t) := in~ Ivy(t, x)] = ~ ( t , ~(t)), and the function m is almost everywhere differentiable on (0, T) with dm dt (t)=vt~(t,~(t)) a.e. on (O,T). Proof. Let c>0 stand for a generic constant. Fix te[0, T) and define m(t):=infxcR[v~(t,x)]. If m(t))O we have that v(t , . ) is nondecreasing on R and therefore v(t,. ) 0 (recall v(t,. )cL2(R)) , so that we may assume re(t)<0. Since vx(t,. ) c H I ( R ) we see that limlxl~ ~ Vx(t, x)=0 so that there exists at least a ~(t) e R with re(t) =v~(t, ~(t)). Let now s, tC [0, T) be fixed. If re(t) <~rn(s) we have 0 < re(s) .~(t) = i n f [~x (~, x ) ] ~ ( t , ~(t)) <. ~=(~, ~(t)) -~x(t, ~(t)), and by the Sobolev embedding HI(R) C L ~ ( R ) we conclude that Im(8)-.~(t)l ~< Ivx(t)-v~(s)lL~(~) < c Iv~(t)-v~(8)l.l(R). Hence the mean-value theorem for functions with values in Banach spaces-Hi(R) in the present case--yields (see [12]) jm(t)-m(s)l<~clt-s j m a x [IVt~(T)JHI(R)], t, se[O,T). O~T~max{s,t} Since vt~cC([O,T), Hi(R)) , we see that m is locally Lipschitz on [0, T) and therefore Rademacher's theorem (cf. [14]) implies that m is almost everywhere differentiable on (0,T). Fix tC(0, T). We have that v~(t+h)-vx(t)h vt~(t) Hl(R) ---~0 as h--*O, and therefore vx( t+h ,y ) -vx ( t , y ) sup vtx(t,y) --~0 as h---~O, (2.1) ycl~ h in view of the continuous embedding H 1 ( R ) c L ~ (R). 234 A. C O N S T A N T I N AND J. E S C H E R By the definition of m, m(t+h) = v~(t+h, ((t+h)) <. v~(t+h, ((t)). Consequently, given h>0 , we obtain m( t+h) -m( t ) <<. h Letting h--~O + and using (2.1), we find lim sup m(t+h) -m( t ) h~_~0 + h

1,193 citations

•

[...]

23 Mar 2001

TL;DR: In this article, the Shallow Water Equations are expressed as linearised shallow water equations, and the Riemann solver is used to solve the problem of Dam-Break Modelling.

Abstract: Preface. Introduction. The Shallow Water Equations. Properties of the Equations. Linearised Shallow Water. Exact Riemann Solver: Wet Bed. Exact Riemann Solver: Dry Bed. Tests with Exact Solution. Basics on Numerical Methods. First-Order Methods. Approximate Riemann Solvers. TVD Methods. Sources and Multi-Dimensions. Dam-Break Modelling. Mach Reflection of Bores. Concluding Remarks. References. Index.

1,166 citations

••

[...]

TL;DR: In this paper, a new form of the Boussinesq equations is derived using the velocity at an arbitrary distance from the still water level as the velocity variable instead of the commonly used depth-averaged velocity.

Abstract: Boussinesq‐type equations can be used to model the nonlinear transformation of surface waves in shallow water due to the effects of shoaling, refraction, diffraction, and reflection. Different linear dispersion relations can be obtained by expressing the equations in different velocity variables. In this paper, a new form of the Boussinesq equations is derived using the velocity at an arbitrary distance from the still water level as the velocity variable instead of the commonly used depth‐averaged velocity. This significantly improves the linear dispersion properties of the Boussinesq equations, making them applicable to a wider range of water depths. A finite difference method is used to solve the equations. Numerical and experimental results are compared for the propagation of regular and irregular waves on a constant slope beach. The results demonstrate that the new form of the equations can reasonably simulate several nonlinear effects that occur in the shoaling of surface waves from deep to shallow w...

1,055 citations