Shielded metal arc welding
About: Shielded metal arc welding is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4462 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 40560 citation(s). The topic is also known as: manual metal arc welding & flux shielded arc welding.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Oct 1988
TL;DR: In this article, the importance of the Constitution diagram for the understanding of Welding Phenomena is discussed, and a detailed description of the Welding and post-weld surface treatment of Fabrications and Welded Components made from Austenitic Stainless Steels is given.
Abstract: Contents: Significance of Constitution Diagrams for the Understanding of Welding Phenomena * Metallurgical Processes During Solidification and Cooling in Stainless Steel Weld Metal * Metallurgical Phenomena in Secondary Crystallization of Stainless Steels and Weld Metals * Precipitation Phenomena in Stainless Steel and Weld Metals * Hot Cracking Resistance During the Welding of Austenitic Stainless Steels * Welding Metallurgy of Ferritic Stainless Chromium Steels with Carbon Contents Below 0.15 per cent * Welding Metallurgy of Low Carbon Chromium-Nickel Martensitic Stainless Steels (Soft Martensitic Steels) * Welding Metallurgy of Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels * Welding Metallurgy of Austenitic Stainless Steels * General Instructions for the Welding and Post-Weld Surface Treatments of Fabrications and Welded Components Made from Austenitic Stainless Steel * Welding Metallurgy of Heat Resisting Steels * Welding Metallurgy of Austenitic-Ferritic Dissimilar Joints * Appendix: Abbreviations and Short Designations * References * Author Index * Subject Index.
TL;DR: In this paper, a study was made to compare the microstructure and abrasion resistance of hardfacing alloys reinforced with primary chromium carbides, complex carbides or tungsten carbides.
Abstract: Hardfacing is one of the most useful and economical ways to improve the performance of components submitted to severe wear conditions. A study was made to compare the microstructure and abrasion resistance of hardfacing alloys reinforced with primary chromium carbides, complex carbides or tungsten carbides. The hardfacing alloys were deposited onto ASTM A36 carbon steel plates by a shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) method. Three different commercial hardfacing electrodes were employed to investigate the effect of the microstructure. The abrasion tests were carried out in a dry sand–rubber wheel abrasion machine according to the procedure A of ASTM G65 standard. Microstructure characterization and surface analysis were made using optical and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the wear resistance is determined by the size, shape, distribution and chemical composition of the carbides, as well as by the matrix microstructure. The best abrasion resistance was obtained in microstructures composed of eutectic matrix and primary M7C3 or MC carbides, while the higher mass losses were measured in completely eutectic deposits. The main wear mechanisms observed at the surfaces included micro-cutting of the matrix and brittle fracture of the carbides.
01 Jan 2002
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors introduce the Welding of Aluminium and its metallurgy, including material standards, designations and alloys, as well as Welding Defects and Quality Control.
Abstract: Introduction to the Welding of Aluminium. Welding metallurgy. Material Standards, Designations and Alloys. Preparation for Welding. Welding Design. TIG Welding. MIG Welding. Other Welding Processes. Resistance Welding Processes. Welding procedure and welder approval. Weld Defects and Quality Control. Appendices.
TL;DR: In this paper, back-propagation neural networks are used to associate welding process variables with the features of the bead geometry and penetration, and the results of these experiments show a small error percentage difference between the estimated and experimental values.
Abstract: Bead geometry (bead height and width) and penetration (depth and area) are important physical characteristics of a weldment. Several welding parameters seem to affect the bead geometry and penetration. It was observed that high arc-travel rate or low arc-power normally produced poor fusion. Higher electrode feed rate produced higher bead width making the bead flatter. Current, voltage and arc-travel rate influence the depth of penetration. The other factors that influence the penetration are heat conductivity, arc-length and arc-force. Longer arc-length produces shallower penetration. Too small arc-length may also give rise to poor penetration, if the arc-power is very low. Use of artificial neural networks to model the shielded metal-arc welding process is explored in this paper. Back-propagation neural networks are used to associate the welding process variables with the features of the bead geometry and penetration. These networks have achieved good agreement with the training data and have yielded satisfactory generalisation. A neural network could be effectively implemented for estimating the weld bead and penetration geometric parameters. The results of these experiments show a small error percentage difference between the estimated and experimental values.
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of welding processes such as GTAW, GMAW, and FSW on mechanical properties of AA6061 aluminium alloy was investigated, and it was found that FSW joints of AA 6061 aluminum alloy showed superior mechanical properties compared with GTAW and GMAw joints, and this was mainly due to the formation of very fine, equiaxed microstructure in the weld zone.
Abstract: The present investigation is aimed at to study the effect of welding processes such as GTAW, GMAW and FSW on mechanical properties of AA6061 aluminium alloy. The preferred welding processes of these alloys are frequently gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) and gas metal arc welding (GMAW) due to their comparatively easier applicability and better economy. In this alloy, the weld fusion zones typically exhibit coarse columnar grains because of the prevailing thermal conditions during weld metal solidification. This often causes inferior weld mechanical properties and poor resistance to hot cracking. Friction stir welding (FSW) is a solid phase welding technique developed primarily for welding metals and alloys that heretofore had been difficult to weld using more traditional fusion techniques. Rolled plates of 6 mm thickness have been used as the base material for preparing single pass butt welded joints. The filler metal used for joining the plates is AA4043 (Al-5Si (wt%)) grade aluminium alloy. In the present work, tensile properties, micro hardness, microstructure and fracture surface morphology of the GMAW, GTAW and FSW joints have been evaluated, and the results are compared. From this investigation, it is found that FSW joints of AA6061 aluminium alloy showed superior mechanical properties compared with GTAW and GMAW joints, and this is mainly due to the formation of very fine, equiaxed microstructure in the weld zone.
Related Topics (5)
206.5K papers, 1.1M citations
171.8K papers, 1.7M citations
148.6K papers, 2.2M citations
41.5K papers, 899.7K citations
121.3K papers, 1M citations