Topic

# Short-time Fourier transform

About: Short-time Fourier transform is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 7501 publications have been published within this topic receiving 178750 citations.

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IBM

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, the use of the fast Fourier transform in power spectrum analysis is described, and the method involves sectioning the record and averaging modified periodograms of the sections.

Abstract: The use of the fast Fourier transform in power spectrum analysis is described. Principal advantages of this method are a reduction in the number of computations and in required core storage, and convenient application in nonstationarity tests. The method involves sectioning the record and averaging modified periodograms of the sections.

9,705 citations

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01 Jan 1978

TL;DR: A comprehensive catalog of data windows along with their significant performance parameters from which the different windows can be compared is included, and an example demonstrates the use and value of windows to resolve closely spaced harmonic signals characterized by large differences in amplitude.

Abstract: This paper makes available a concise review of data windows and their affect on the detection of harmonic signals in the presence of broad-band noise, and in the presence of nearby strong harmonic interference. We also call attention to a number of common errors in the application of windows when used with the fast Fourier transform. This paper includes a comprehensive catalog of data windows along with their significant performance parameters from which the different windows can be compared. Finally, an example demonstrates the use and value of windows to resolve closely spaced harmonic signals characterized by large differences in amplitude.

7,130 citations

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TL;DR: Two different procedures for effecting a frequency analysis of a time-dependent signal locally in time are studied and the notion of time-frequency localization is made precise, within this framework, by two localization theorems.

Abstract: Two different procedures for effecting a frequency analysis of a time-dependent signal locally in time are studied. The first procedure is the short-time or windowed Fourier transform; the second is the wavelet transform, in which high-frequency components are studied with sharper time resolution than low-frequency components. The similarities and the differences between these two methods are discussed. For both schemes a detailed study is made of the reconstruction method and its stability as a function of the chosen time-frequency density. Finally, the notion of time-frequency localization is made precise, within this framework, by two localization theorems. >

6,180 citations

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01 Jan 1965

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide a broad overview of Fourier Transform and its relation with the FFT and the Hartley Transform, as well as the Laplace Transform and the Laplacian Transform.

Abstract: 1 Introduction 2 Groundwork 3 Convolution 4 Notation for Some Useful Functions 5 The Impulse Symbol 6 The Basic Theorems 7 Obtaining Transforms 8 The Two Domains 9 Waveforms, Spectra, Filters and Linearity 10 Sampling and Series 11 The Discrete Fourier Transform and the FFT 12 The Discrete Hartley Transform 13 Relatives of the Fourier Transform 14 The Laplace Transform 15 Antennas and Optics 16 Applications in Statistics 17 Random Waveforms and Noise 18 Heat Conduction and Diffusion 19 Dynamic Power Spectra 20 Tables of sinc x, sinc2x, and exp(-71x2) 21 Solutions to Selected Problems 22 Pictorial Dictionary of Fourier Transforms 23 The Life of Joseph Fourier

5,714 citations

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3,156 citations