Topic

# Skew

About: Skew is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 8792 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 98985 citation(s).

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Abstract: Summary. A fairly general procedure is studied to perturb a multivariate density satisfying a weak form of multivariate symmetry, and to generate a whole set of non-symmetric densities. The approach is sufficiently general to encompass some recent proposals in the literature, variously related to the skew normal distribution. The special case of skew elliptical densities is examined in detail, establishing connections with existing similar work. The final part of the paper specializes further to a form of multivariate skew t-density. Likelihood inference for this distribution is examined, and it is illustrated with numerical examples.

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1,120 citations

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Abstract: A fairly general procedure is studied to perturbate a multivariate density satisfying a weak form of multivariate symmetry, and to generate a whole set of non-symmetric densities. The approach is general enough to encompass a number of recent proposals in the literature, variously related to the skew normal distribution. The special case of skew elliptical densities is examined in detail, establishing connections with existing similar work. The final part of the paper specializes further to a form of multivariate skew $t$ density. Likelihood inference for this distribution is examined, and it is illustrated with numerical examples.

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1,051 citations

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01 Jan 1995-

TL;DR: The document spectrum (or docstrum), which is a method for structural page layout analysis based on bottom-up, nearest-neighbor clustering of page components, yields an accurate measure of skew, within-line, and between-line spacings and locates text lines and text blocks.

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Abstract: Page layout analysis is a document processing technique used to determine the format of a page. This paper describes the document spectrum (or docstrum), which is a method for structural page layout analysis based on bottom-up, nearest-neighbor clustering of page components. The method yields an accurate measure of skew, within-line, and between-line spacings and locates text lines and text blocks. It is advantageous over many other methods in three main ways: independence from skew angle, independence from different text spacings, and the ability to process local regions of different text orientations within the same image. Results of the method shown for several different page formats and for randomly oriented subpages on the same image illustrate the versatility of the method. We also discuss the differences, advantages, and disadvantages of the docstrum with respect to other lay-out methods. >

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628 citations

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01 Jul 1977-

566 citations

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21 Mar 1999-

TL;DR: A linear programming-based algorithm is introduced to estimate the clock skew in network delay measurements and its performance is compared to that of three other algorithms to show that the algorithm is unbiased, and that the sample variance of the skew estimate is better than existing algorithms.

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Abstract: Packet delay and loss traces are frequently used by network engineers, as well as network applications, to analyze network performance. The clocks on the end-systems used to measure the delays, however, are not always synchronized, and this lack of synchronization reduces the accuracy of these measurements. Therefore, estimating and removing relative skews and offsets from delay measurements between sender and receiver clocks are critical to the accurate assessment and analysis of network performance. We introduce a linear programming-based algorithm to estimate the clock skew in network delay measurements and compare it with three other algorithms. We show that our algorithm has a time complexity of O(N), leaves the delay after the skew removal positive, and is robust in the sense that the error margin of the skew estimate is independent of the magnitude of the skew. We use traces of real Internet delay measurements to assess the algorithm, and compare its performance to that of three other algorithms. Furthermore, we show through simulation that our algorithm is unbiased, and that the sample variance of the skew estimate is better (smaller) than existing algorithms.

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459 citations