Topic

# Slack bus

About: Slack bus is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1484 publications have been published within this topic receiving 20434 citations.

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TL;DR: In this paper, a mathematical formulation of the optimal reactive power control (optimal VAR control) problem and results from tests of the algorithm are presented in order to minimize the real power losses in the system.

Abstract: A mathematical formulation of the optimal reactive power control (optimal VAR control) problem and results from tests of the algorithm are presented in this paper. The model minimizes the real power losses in the system. The constraints include the reactive power limits of the generators, limits on the load bus voltages, and the operating limits of the control variables, i.e., the transformer tap positions, generator terminal voltages and switchable reactive power sources. Real power economic dispatch is accomplished by standard techniques.

367 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a voltage droop based power sharing and coordination strategy among the slack terminals is proposed for power smoothing during grid-connected condition and normal operation during islanding condition.

Abstract: Autonomous DC voltage control for a DC microgrid with multiple power and slack terminals is studied in this paper. Slack terminals respond to the generation variation and load step within a DC microgrid to maintain the DC voltage. The slack terminals considered here are grid connected VSC and energy storage systems. A voltage droop based power sharing and coordination strategy among the slack terminals is proposed for power smoothing during grid-connected condition and normal operation during islanding condition. A prototype microgrid with two power and two slack terminals is established to demonstrate the excellent operation performance of the proposed control system during various operating conditions such as power variation, islanding, and grid reconnection.

280 citations

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TL;DR: Based on AC load flow solution a novel method is suggested which can decide downstream and upstream power flow tracing paths very fast and can calculate the contribution factors of generations and loads to the line flows efficiently.

Abstract: In this paper, graph theory is used to calculate the contributions of individual generators and loads to line flows and the real power transfer between individual generators and loads that are significant to transmission open access. Related lemmas are proved which present necessary conditions required by the method. Based on AC load flow solution a novel method is suggested which can decide downstream and upstream power flow tracing paths very fast and can calculate the contribution factors of generations and loads to the line flows efficiently. The power transfer between generators and loads can also be determined. The suggested method is suitable for both active and reactive power tracings of real power systems.

236 citations

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TL;DR: A steady-state security region is a set of real and reactive power injections (load demands and power generations) for which the power flow equations and the security constraints imposed by equipment operating limits are satisfied.

Abstract: A steady-state security region is a set of real and reactive power injections (load demands and power generations) for which the power flow equations and the security constraints imposed by equipment operating limits are satisfied. The problem of determining steady-state security regions is formulated as one of finding sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions to the power flow map within the security constraint set. Explicit limits on real and reactive power injections at each bus are obtained, such that if each injection lies within the corresponding limits, the system is guaranteed to operate with security constraints satisfied.

213 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors proposed a method for determining how much of the active and reactive power output of each generator is contributed by each load by using a solved power flow solution.

Abstract: In a competitive environment, usage allocation questions must be answered clearly and unequivocally To help answer such questions, this paper proposes a method for determining how much of the active and reactive power output of each generator is contributed by each load This method takes as its starting point a solved power flow solution All power injections are translated into real and imaginary currents to avoid the problems arising from the nonlinear coupling between active and reactive power flows caused by losses The method then traces these currents to determine how much current each source supplies to each sink These current contributions can then be translated into contributions to the active and reactive power output of the generators It is also shown that the global contribution of a load can be decomposed into contributions from its active and reactive parts This decomposition is reasonably accurate for the reactive power generation To determine the contributions to active power generation, the previously-described method based on the active power flows is recommended

209 citations