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Slip (materials science)

About: Slip (materials science) is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 46439 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1067099 citation(s). The topic is also known as: dislocation slip.

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01 Jan 1976
Abstract: DEFORMATION OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS. Tensile Response of Materials. Elements of Dislocation Theory. Slip and Twinning in Crystalline Solids. Strengthening Mechanisms in Metals. High-Temperature Deformation Response of Crystalline Solids. Deformation Response of Engineering Plastics. FRACTURE MECHANICS OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS. Fracture: An Overview. Elements of Fracture Mechanics. Transition Temperature Approach to Fracture Control. Microstructural Aspects of Fracture Toughness. Environment-Assisted Cracking. Cyclic Stress and Strain Fatigue. Fatigue Crack Propagation. Analyses of Engineering Failures. Appendices. Indexes.

3,550 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Experiments giving the mass efflux of a Poiseuille flow over a naturally permeable block are reported. The efflux is greatly enhanced over the value it would have if the block were impermeable, indicating the presence of a boundary layer in the block. The velocity presumably changes across this layer from its (statistically average) Darcy value to some slip value immediately outside the permeable block. A simple theory based on replacing the effect of the boundary layer with a slip velocity proportional to the exterior velocity gradient is proposed and shown to be in reasonable agreement with experimental results.

2,645 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Direct shear experiments on ground surfaces of a granodiorite from Raymond, California, at normal stresses of ∼6 MPa demonstrate that competing time, displacement, and velocity effects control rock friction. It is proposed that the strength of the population of points of contacts between sliding surfaces determines frictional strength and that the population of contacts changes continuously with displacements. Previous experiments demonstrate that the strength of the contacts increases with the age of the contacts. The present experiments establish that a characteristic displacement, proportional to surface roughness, is required to change the population of contacts. Hence during slip the average age of the points of contact and therefore frictional strength decrease as slip velocity increases. Displacement weakening and consequently the potential for unstable slip occur whenever displacement reduces the average age of the contacts. In addition to this velocity dependency, which arises from displacement dependency and time dependency, the experiments also show a competing but transient increase in friction whenever slip velocity increases. Creep of the sliding surface at stresses below that for steady state slip is also observed. Constitutive relationships are developed that permit quantitative simulation of the friction versus displacement data as a function of surface roughness and for different time and velocity histories. Unstable slip in experiments is controlled by these constitutive effects and by the stiffness of the experimental system. It is argued that analogous properties control earthquake instability.

2,189 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

1,933 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Experiments on the plastic deformation of single crystals, of metals and of rock salt have given results which differ in detail but possess certain common characteristics. In general the deformation of a single crystal in tension or compression consists of shear strain in which sheets of the crystal parallel to a crystal plane slip over one another, the direction of motion being some simple crystal-lographic axis. The measure of this strain, which will be represented by s , is the ration of the relative lateral movement of two parallel planes of slip to the distance between them. Thus it is defined in the same way as the shear strain considered in the theory of elasticity.

1,746 citations

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