About: Smart camera is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5571 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 93054 citation(s). The topic is also known as: intelligent camera.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The first successful application of the SLAM methodology from mobile robotics to the "pure vision" domain of a single uncontrolled camera, achieving real time but drift-free performance inaccessible to structure from motion approaches is presented.
Abstract: We present a real-time algorithm which can recover the 3D trajectory of a monocular camera, moving rapidly through a previously unknown scene. Our system, which we dub MonoSLAM, is the first successful application of the SLAM methodology from mobile robotics to the "pure vision" domain of a single uncontrolled camera, achieving real time but drift-free performance inaccessible to structure from motion approaches. The core of the approach is the online creation of a sparse but persistent map of natural landmarks within a probabilistic framework. Our key novel contributions include an active approach to mapping and measurement, the use of a general motion model for smooth camera movement, and solutions for monocular feature initialization and feature orientation estimation. Together, these add up to an extremely efficient and robust algorithm which runs at 30 Hz with standard PC and camera hardware. This work extends the range of robotic systems in which SLAM can be usefully applied, but also opens up new areas. We present applications of MonoSLAM to real-time 3D localization and mapping for a high-performance full-size humanoid robot and live augmented reality with a hand-held camera
••01 Jul 2005
TL;DR: A unique array of 100 custom video cameras that are built are described, and their experiences using this array in a range of imaging applications are summarized.
Abstract: The advent of inexpensive digital image sensors and the ability to create photographs that combine information from a number of sensed images are changing the way we think about photography. In this paper, we describe a unique array of 100 custom video cameras that we have built, and we summarize our experiences using this array in a range of imaging applications. Our goal was to explore the capabilities of a system that would be inexpensive to produce in the future. With this in mind, we used simple cameras, lenses, and mountings, and we assumed that processing large numbers of images would eventually be easy and cheap. The applications we have explored include approximating a conventional single center of projection video camera with high performance along one or more axes, such as resolution, dynamic range, frame rate, and/or large aperture, and using multiple cameras to approximate a video camera with a large synthetic aperture. This permits us to capture a video light field, to which we can apply spatiotemporal view interpolation algorithms in order to digitally simulate time dilation and camera motion. It also permits us to create video sequences using custom non-uniform synthetic apertures.
••17 Jun 1997
TL;DR: A new camera with a hemispherical field of view is presented and results are presented on the software generation of pure perspective images from an omnidirectional image, given any user-selected viewing direction and magnification.
Abstract: Conventional video cameras have limited fields of view that make them restrictive in a variety of vision applications. There are several ways to enhance the field of view of an imaging system. However, the entire imaging system must have a single effective viewpoint to enable the generation of pure perspective images from a sensed image. A new camera with a hemispherical field of view is presented. Two such cameras can be placed back-to-back, without violating the single viewpoint constraint, to arrive at a truly omnidirectional sensor. Results are presented on the software generation of pure perspective images from an omnidirectional image, given any user-selected viewing direction and magnification. The paper concludes with a discussion on the spatial resolution of the proposed camera.
••01 Jan 1998
TL;DR: Hardware and software issues in the construction of the SVM are described, and implemented systems that use a similar area correlation algorithm on a variety of hardware are surveyed.
Abstract: Robotic systems are becoming smaller, lower power, and cheaper, enabling their application in areas not previously considered. This is true of vision systems as well. SRI’s Small Vision Module (SVM) is a compact, inexpensive realtime device for computing dense stereo range images, which are a fundamental measurement supporting a wide range of computer vision applications. We describe hardware and software issues in the construction of the SVM, and survey implemented systems that use a similar area correlation algorithm on a variety of hardware.
01 Jan 2013-Pattern Recognition Letters
TL;DR: This paper reviews the recent development of relevant technologies from the perspectives of computer vision and pattern recognition, and discusses how to face emerging challenges of intelligent multi-camera video surveillance.
Abstract: Intelligent multi-camera video surveillance is a multidisciplinary field related to computer vision, pattern recognition, signal processing, communication, embedded computing and image sensors. This paper reviews the recent development of relevant technologies from the perspectives of computer vision and pattern recognition. The covered topics include multi-camera calibration, computing the topology of camera networks, multi-camera tracking, object re-identification, multi-camera activity analysis and cooperative video surveillance both with active and static cameras. Detailed descriptions of their technical challenges and comparison of different solutions are provided. It emphasizes the connection and integration of different modules in various environments and application scenarios. According to the most recent works, some problems can be jointly solved in order to improve the efficiency and accuracy. With the fast development of surveillance systems, the scales and complexities of camera networks are increasing and the monitored environments are becoming more and more complicated and crowded. This paper discusses how to face these emerging challenges.
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