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Social class

About: Social class is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 16132 publications have been published within this topic receiving 634684 citations.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A variety of mechanisms linking SES to child well-being have been proposed, with most involving differences in access to material and social resources or reactions to stress-inducing conditions by both the children themselves and their parents.
Abstract: ▪ Abstract Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the most widely studied constructs in the social sciences. Several ways of measuring SES have been proposed, but most include some quantification of family income, parental education, and occupational status. Research shows that SES is associated with a wide array of health, cognitive, and socioemotional outcomes in children, with effects beginning prior to birth and continuing into adulthood. A variety of mechanisms linking SES to child well-being have been proposed, with most involving differences in access to material and social resources or reactions to stress-inducing conditions by both the children themselves and their parents. For children, SES impacts well-being at multiple levels, including both family and neighborhood. Its effects are moderated by children's own characteristics, family characteristics, and external support systems.

4,627 citations

01 Sep 2003
TL;DR: The power and limits of social class are explored in this paper, where the authors present a theory of Bourdieu's theory of the power of social structure and daily life in the organization of daily life.
Abstract: Acknowledgments 1. Concerted Cultivation and the Accomplishment of Natural Growth 2. Social Structure and Daily Life PART I. THE ORGANIZATION OF DAILY LIFE 3. A Hectic Pace of Concerted Cultivation: Garrett Tallinger 4. A Child's Pace: Tyrec Taylor 5. Children's Play Is for Children: Katie Brindle PART II. LANGUAGE USE 6. Developing a Child: Alexander Williams 7. Language as a Conduit of Social Life: Harold McAllister PART III. FAMILIES AND INSTITUTIONS 8. Concerted Cultivation in Organizational Spheres: Stacey Marshall 9. Effort Creates Misery: Melanie Handlon 10. Letting Educators Lead the Way: Wendy Driver 11. Beating with a Belt, Fearing "the School": Little Billy Yanelli 12. The Power and Limits of Social Class Appendix A. Methodology: Enduring Dilemmas in Fieldwork Appendix B. Theory: Understanding the Work of Pierre Bourdieu Appendix C. Supporting Tables Notes Bibliography Index

4,355 citations

20 Jan 1987
TL;DR: Bottomore as mentioned in this paper discusses the early impact of Citizenship on social class and social rights in the 20th century, and presents a kind of conclusion that Citizenship and Social Class, Forty Years On Tom Bottomore.
Abstract: Foreword by Robert Moore Preface by Tom Bottomore PART 1: Citizenship and Social Class Marshall 1. The Problem Stated, with the Assistance of Alfred Marshall 2. The Development of Citizenship to the End of the 19th Century 3. The Early Impact of Citizenship on Social Class 4. Social Rights in the 20th Century 5. Conclusions Notes PART 2: Citizenship and Social Class, Forty Years On Tom Bottomore 1. Citizens, Classes and Equality 2. Capitalism, Socialism and Citizenship 3. New Questions about Citizenship 4. Changing Classes, Changing Doctrines 5. A Kind of Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index

4,159 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the evolution of cognitive class and education in the United States and the role of race and ethnicity in cognitive ability in the development of cognitive ability and the level of American education.
Abstract: Contents List of Illustrations List of Tables A Note to the Reader Preface Acknowledgments Introduction PART I. THE EMERGENCE OF A COGNITIVE ELITE 1 Cognitive Class and Education, 1900-1990 2 Cognitive Partitioning by Occupation 3 The Economic Pressure to Partition 4 Steeper Ladders, Narrower Gates PART II. COGNITIVE CLASSES AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR 5 Poverty 6 Schooling 7 Unemployment, Idleness, and Injury 8 Family Matters 9 Welfare Dependency 10 Parenting 11 Crime 12 Civility and Citizenship PART III. THE NATIONAL CONTEXT 13 Ethnic Differences in Cognitive Ability 14 Ethnic Inequalities in Relation to IQ 15 The Demography of Intelligence 16 Social Behavior and the Prevalence of Low Cognitive Ability PART IV. LIVING TOGETHER 17 Raising Cognitive Ability 18 The Leveling of American Education 19 Affirmative Action in Higher Education 20 Affirmative Action in the Workplace 21 The Way We Are Headed 22 A Place for Everyone Afterworld APPENDIXES 1 Statistics for People Who Are Sure They Can't Learn Statistics 2 Technical Issues Regarding the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 3 Technical Issues Regarding the Armed Forces Qualification Test as a Measure of IQ 4 Regression Analyses (rom Part II 5 Supplemental Material for Chapter 13 6 Regression Analyses from Chapter 14 7 The Evolution of Affirmative Action in the Workplace Notes Bibliography Index

3,790 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: How factors such as ethnicity, economic status, educational level, sexual orientation and social context influence the kind of masculinity that men construct and contribute to differential health risks among men in the United States is explored.

3,629 citations

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