scispace - formally typeset

Social determinants of health

About: Social determinants of health is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 24683 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 660894 citation(s). The topic is also known as: social drivers of health. more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.3399889
29 Jul 1988-Science
Abstract: Recent scientific work has established both a theoretical basis and strong empirical evidence for a causal impact of social relationships on health. Prospective studies, which control for baseline health status, consistently show increased risk of death among persons with a low quantity, and sometimes low quality, of social relationships. Experimental and quasi-experimental studies of humans and animals also suggest that social isolation is a major risk factor for mortality from widely varying causes. The mechanisms through which social relationships affect health and the factors that promote or inhibit the development and maintenance of social relationships remain to be explored. more

Topics: Social determinants of health (63%), Social relation (62%), Social isolation (61%) more

7,151 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61690-6
Michael Marmot1, Sharon Friel1, Ruth Bell1, Tanja A. J. Houweling1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
08 Nov 2008-The Lancet
Abstract: The Commission on Social Determinants of Health, created to marshal the evidence on what can be done to promote health equity and to foster a global movement to achieve it, is a global collaboration of policy makers, researchers, and civil society, led by commissioners with a unique blend of political, academic, and advocacy experience. The focus of attention is on countries at all levels of income and development. The commission launched its final report on August 28, 2008. This paper summarises the key findings and recommendations; the full list is in the final report. more

Topics: Social determinants of health (62%), Health equity (58%), Social equality (56%) more

6,783 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1468-0009.2005.00428.X
01 Mar 1973-Milbank Quarterly
Abstract: A theoretical framework for viewing health services utilization is presented, emphasizing the importance of the (1) characteristics of the health services delivery system, (2) changes in medical technology and social norms relating to the definition and treatment of illness, and (3) individual determinants of utilization. These three factors are specified within the context of their impact on the health care system. Empirical findings are discussed which demonstrate how the framework might be employed to explain some key patterns and trends in utilization. In addition, a method is suggested for evaluating the utility of various individual determinants of health services utilization used in the framework for achieving a situation of equitable distribution of health services in the United States. more

Topics: Social determinants of health (61%), Population health (61%), Health care (60%) more

3,519 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71146-6
Michael Marmot1Institutions (1)
19 Mar 2005-The Lancet
Abstract: The gross inequalities in health that we see within and between countries present a challenge to the world. That there should be a spread of life expectancy of 48 years among countries and 20 years or more within countries is not inevitable. A burgeoning volume of research identifies social factors at the root of much of these inequalities in health. Social determinants are relevant to communicable and non-communicable disease alike. Health status, therefore, should be of concern to policy makers in every sector, not solely those involved in health policy. As a response to this global challenge, WHO is launching a Commission on Social Determinants of Health, which will review the evidence, raise societal debate, and recommend policies with the goal of improving health of the world's most vulnerable people. A major thrust of the Commission is turning public-health knowledge into political action. more

Topics: Social determinants of health (70%), Health policy (64%), Health promotion (61%) more

3,230 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Dec 1998-
Abstract: Poorer people live shorter lives and are more often ill than the rich. This disparity has drawn attention to the remarkable sensitivity of health to the social environment. This publication examines this social gradient in health, and explains how psychological and social influences affect physical health and longevity. It then looks at what is known about the most important social determinants of health today, and the role that public policy can play in shaping a social environment that is more conducive to better health. This second edition relies on the most up-to-date sources in its selection and description of the main social determinants of health in our society today. Key research sources are given for each: stress, early life, social exclusion, working conditions, unemployment, social support, addiction, healthy food and transport policy. Policy and action for health need to address the social determinants of health, attacking the causes of ill health before they can lead to problems. This is a challenging task for both decision-makers and public health actors and advocates. This publication provides the facts and the policy options that will enable them to act. more

Topics: Social determinants of health (72%), Health policy (66%), Social change (64%) more

2,499 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

Top Attributes

Show by:

Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Fran Baum

120 papers, 3.6K citations

Michael Marmot

106 papers, 25.8K citations

Ronald Labonté

87 papers, 2.9K citations

Dennis Raphael

51 papers, 2.2K citations

Sharon Friel

49 papers, 8K citations

Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Health equity

26.7K papers, 869.1K citations

95% related
Health policy

79.6K papers, 2M citations

94% related
Health promotion

70.2K papers, 1.5M citations

94% related
Public health

158.3K papers, 3.9M citations

94% related
Population health

15.2K papers, 413K citations

93% related