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Social support

About: Social support is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 50891 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1975054 citation(s). more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.98.2.310
Sheldon Cohen1, Thomas Ashby WillsInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Examines whether the positive association between social support and well-being is attributable more to an overall beneficial effect of support (main- or direct-effect model) or to a process of support protecting persons from potentially adverse effects of stressful events (buffering model). The review of studies is organized according to (1) whether a measure assesses support structure (the existence of relationships) or function (the extent to which one's interpersonal relationships provide particular resources) and (2) the degree of specificity (vs globality) of the scale. Special attention is given to methodological characteristics that are requisite for a fair comparison of the models. It is concluded that there is evidence consistent with both models. Evidence for the buffering model is found when the social support measure assesses the perceived availability of interpersonal resources that are responsive to the needs elicited by stressful events. Evidence for a main effect model is found when the support measure assesses a person's degree of integration in a large social network. Both conceptualizations of social support are correct in some respects, but each represents a different process through which social support may affect well-being. Implications for theories of social support processes and for the design of preventive interventions are discussed. more

Topics: Social support (56%), Social network (54%), Social environment (53%) more

13,197 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1207/S15327752JPA5201_2
Abstract: The development of a self-report measure of subjectively assessed social support, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), is described. Subjects included 136 female and 139 male university undergraduates. Three subscales, each addressing a different source of support, were identified and found to have strong factorial validity: (a) Family, (b) Friends, and (c) Significant Other. In addition, the research demonstrated that the MSPSS has good internal and test-retest reliability as well as moderate construct validity. As predicted, high levels of perceived social support were associated with low levels of depression and anxiety symptomatology as measured by the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Gender differences with respect to the MSPSS are also presented. The value of the MSPSS as a research instrument is discussed, along with implications for future research. more

Topics: Construct validity (54%), Validity (54%), Social support (51%)

7,234 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.3399889
29 Jul 1988-Science
Abstract: Recent scientific work has established both a theoretical basis and strong empirical evidence for a causal impact of social relationships on health. Prospective studies, which control for baseline health status, consistently show increased risk of death among persons with a low quantity, and sometimes low quality, of social relationships. Experimental and quasi-experimental studies of humans and animals also suggest that social isolation is a major risk factor for mortality from widely varying causes. The mechanisms through which social relationships affect health and the factors that promote or inhibit the development and maintenance of social relationships remain to be explored. more

Topics: Social determinants of health (63%), Social relation (62%), Social isolation (61%) more

7,151 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/00006842-197609000-00003
Sidney Cobb1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Social support is defined as information leading the subject to believe that he is cared for and loved, esteemed, and a member of a network of mutual obligations. The evidence that supportive interactions among people are protective against the health consequences of life stress is reviewed. It appears that social support can protect people in crisis from a wide variety of pathological states: from low birth weight to death, from arthritis through tuberculosis to depression, alcoholism, and the social breakdown syndrome. Furthermore, social support may reduce the amount of medication required, accelerate recovery, and facilitate compliance with prescribed medical regimens. more

Topics: Social support (62%), Social stress (57%)

5,768 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.71.3.500
Abstract: Deux etudes mettent a l'epreuve plusieurs hypotheses concernant la coherence des croyances des employes dans l'implication de l'organisation a son egard et le role d'un tel soutien organisationnel ainsi que de l'ideologie d'echange sur l'absenteisme more

Topics: Perceived organizational support (60%), Organizational behavior (52%), Social support (51%) more

5,564 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Neal Krause

71 papers, 6.5K citations

Ichiro Kawachi

42 papers, 5.5K citations

Carl A. Latkin

38 papers, 1.5K citations

Stevan E. Hobfoll

27 papers, 3.2K citations

Stephen Stansfeld

26 papers, 3.4K citations

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