About: Sodium sulfide is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2851 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 27733 citation(s). The topic is also known as: disodium sulfide.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Nov 2004-Chemistry & Biology
TL;DR: This work has found that E. coli, when incubated with cadmium chloride and sodium sulfide, have the capacity to synthesize intracellular Cadmium sulfide nanocrystals, which are composed of a wurtzite crystal phase with a size distribution of 2-5 nm.
Abstract: Semiconductor nanocrystals, which have unique optical and electronic properties, have potential for applications in the emerging field of nanoelectronics. To produce nanocrystals cheaply and efficiently, biological methods of synthesis are being explored. We found that E. coli, when incubated with cadmium chloride and sodium sulfide, have the capacity to synthesize intracellular cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are composed of a wurtzite crystal phase with a size distribution of 2-5 nm. Nanocrystal biosynthesis increased about 20-fold in E. coli cells grown to stationary phase compared to late logarithmic phase. Our results highlight how different genetic and physiological parameters can enhance the formation of nanocrystals within bacterial cells.
TL;DR: This study suggests that the effects that have been attributed to H2S in previous reports may in fact have been mediated by polysulfides, and supports the notion that sulfane sulfur rather than sulfide is the actual in vivo agent of H 2S signaling.
Abstract: Aims: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is suggested to act as a gaseous signaling molecule in a variety of physiological processes. Its molecular mechanism of action was proposed to involve protein S-sulfhydration, that is, conversion of cysteinyl thiolates (Cys-S−) to persulfides (Cys-S-S−). A central and unresolved question is how H2S—that is, a molecule with sulfur in its lowest possible oxidation state (−2)—can lead to oxidative thiol modifications. Results: Using the lipid phosphatase PTEN as a model protein, we find that the “H2S donor” sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) leads to very rapid reversible oxidation of the enzyme in vitro. We identify polysulfides formed in NaHS solutions as the oxidizing species, and present evidence that sulfane sulfur is added to the active site cysteine. Polysulfide-mediated oxidation of PTEN was induced by all “H2S donors” tested, including sodium sulfide (Na2S), gaseous H2S, and morpholin-4-ium 4-methoxyphenyl(morpholino) phosphinodithioate (GYY4137). Moreover, we show that...
28 Oct 2015-Nature Communications
TL;DR: In this paper, uniform yolkshell iron sulfide-carbon nanospheres have been synthesized as cathode materials for the emerging sodium sulfide battery to achieve remarkable capacity of ∼ 545 mA h g(-1) over 100 cycles at 0.2 C (100 mA g(1)), delivering ultrahigh energy density of ∼ 438 Wh kg(-1).
Abstract: Sodium-metal sulfide battery holds great promise for sustainable and cost-effective applications. Nevertheless, achieving high capacity and cycling stability remains a great challenge. Here, uniform yolk-shell iron sulfide-carbon nanospheres have been synthesized as cathode materials for the emerging sodium sulfide battery to achieve remarkable capacity of ∼ 545 mA h g(-1) over 100 cycles at 0.2 C (100 mA g(-1)), delivering ultrahigh energy density of ∼ 438 Wh kg(-1). The proven conversion reaction between sodium and iron sulfide results in high capacity but severe volume changes. Nanostructural design, including of nanosized iron sulfide yolks (∼ 170 nm) with porous carbon shells (∼ 30 nm) and extra void space (∼ 20 nm) in between, has been used to achieve excellent cycling performance without sacrificing capacity. This sustainable sodium-iron sulfide battery is a promising candidate for stationary energy storage. Furthermore, this spatially confined sulfuration strategy offers a general method for other yolk-shell metal sulfide-carbon composites.
11 Dec 2006-Chemical Physics Letters
TL;DR: This paper describes the fastest route to monodispersed silver nanocubes by adding a trace amount of sodium sulfide or sodium hydrosulfide to the conventional polyol synthesis, which was significantly shortened from 16-26 hours to 3-8 minutes.
Abstract: This paper describes the fastest route to monodispersed silver nanocubes. By adding a trace amount of sodium sulfide (Na(2)S) or sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) to the conventional polyol synthesis, the reaction time was significantly shortened from 16-26 hours to 3-8 minutes. By merely adjusting the reaction time, monodispersed silver nanocubes of 25-45 nm in edge length were rapidly and routinely produced on relatively large scales. These small nanocubes are of great interest for biomedical applications by way of generating gold nanocages with plasmon resonance peaks tunable to the near-infrared region through a galvanic replacement reaction.
01 Jan 1987-Applied Surface Science
TL;DR: The surface oxidation of pyrite in air-saturated acid solutions resulted in the formation of a surface sulfur layer the extent and nature of which depended on solution composition and exposure time.
Abstract: The surface oxidation in air and air-saturated aqueous solutions of the iron sulfide mineral, pyrite, has been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Iron sulfate was produced on fracture surfaces within the first few minutes of exposure to air under ambient conditions. Iron oxide was also included in the oxidation products after prolonged exposure which implies that a sulfur product in addition to sulfate must be formed. It is suggested that this product is an iron-deficient sulfide. Elemental sulfur was not evident at surfaces exposed to air. Iron oxide rather than sulfate was present at abraded surfaces exposed to air for a few minutes. Oxidation of pyrite in air-saturated acid solutions resulted in the formation of a surface sulfur layer the extent and nature of which depended on solution composition and exposure time. Sulfate was the only sulfur oxidation product identified in alkaline solutions not containing soluble sulfide, and iron oxide remained at the surface after such treatment. Thin layers of elemental sulfur were observed at fracture surfaces immersed in aerated, dilute sodium sulfide solutions.
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