Soil structure interaction
About: Soil structure interaction is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3653 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 48890 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 1985
Abstract: Keywords: Interaction-sol-structure Reference Record created on 2004-09-07, modified on 2016-08-08
TL;DR: A summary of the current state of seismic analysis and design for underground structures can be found in this paper, where the authors discuss special design issues, including the design of tunnel segment joints and joints between tunnels and portal structures.
Abstract: Underground facilities are an integral part of the infrastructure of modern society and are used for a wide range of applications, including subways and railways, highways, material storage, and sewage and water transport. Underground facilities built in areas subject to earthquake activity must withstand both seismic and static loading. Historically, underground facilities have experienced a lower rate of damage than surface structures. Nevertheless, some underground structures have experienced significant damage in recent large earthquakes, including the 1995 Kobe, Japan earthquake, the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquake and the 1999 Kocaeli, Turkey earthquake. This report presents a summary of the current state of seismic analysis and design for underground structures. This report describes approaches used by engineers in quantifying the seismic effect on an underground structure. Deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazard analysis approaches are reviewed. The development of appropriate ground motion parameters, including peak accelerations and velocities, target response spectra, and ground motion time histories, is briefly described. In general, seismic design loads for underground structures are characterized in terms of the deformations and strains imposed on the structure by the surrounding ground, often due to the interaction between the two. In contrast, surface structures are designed for the inertial forces caused by ground accelerations. The simplest approach is to ignore the interaction of the underground structure with the surrounding ground. The free-field ground deformations due to a seismic event are estimated, and the underground structure is designed to accommodate these deformations. This approach is satisfactory when low levels of shaking are anticipated or the underground facility is in a stiff medium such as rock. Other approaches that account for the interaction between the structural supports and the surrounding ground are then described. In the pseudo-static analysis approach, the ground deformations are imposed as a static load and the soil-structure interaction does not include dynamic or wave propagation effects. In the dynamic analysis approach, a dynamic soil structure interaction is conducted using numerical analysis tools such as finite element or finite difference methods. The report discusses special design issues, including the design of tunnel segment joints and joints between tunnels and portal structures. Examples of seismic design used for underground structures are included in an appendix at the end of the report.
TL;DR: A dynamic beam on a nonlinear Winkler foundation (or "dynamic p-y") analysis method for analyzing seismic soil-pile-structure interaction was evaluated against the results of a series of dynamic centrifuge model tests as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: A dynamic beam on a nonlinear Winkler foundation (or “dynamic p-y”) analysis method for analyzing seismic soil-pile-structure interaction was evaluated against the results of a series of dynamic centrifuge model tests The centrifuge tests included two different single-pile-supported structures subjected to nine different earthquake events with peak accelerations ranging from 002 to 07g The soil profile consisted of soft clay overlying dense sand Site response and dynamic p-y analyses are described Input parameters were selected based on existing engineering practices Reasonably good agreement was obtained between calculated and recorded responses for both structural models in all earthquake events Sensitivity of the results to dynamic p-y model parameters and site response calculations are evaluated These results provide experimental support for the use of dynamic p-y analysis methods in seismic soil-pile-structure interaction problems
01 Dec 1979-Geotechnique
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of installing a driven pile on the strength of the soil were investigated using a work-hardening elasto-plastic soil model, which has the unique feature of allowing the strength to change as the water content changes, thus it is possible to calculate the new intrinsic soil strength at any stage during consolidation.
Abstract: This paper describes the results of numerical analysis of the effects of installing a driven pile. The geometry of the problem has been simplified by the assumption of plane strain conditions in addition to axial symmetry. Pile installation has been modelled as the undrained expansion of a cylindrical cavity. The excess pore pressures generated in this process have subsequently been assumed to dissipate by means of outward radial flow of pore water. The consolidation of the soil has been studied using a work-hardening elasto–plastic soil model which has the unique feature of allowing the strength of the soil to change as the water content changes. Thus it is possible to calculate the new intrinsic soil strength at any stage during consolidation. In particular the long-term shaft capacity of a driven pile may be estimated from the final effective stress state and intrinsic strength of the soil adjacent to the pile. A parametric study has been made of the effect of the past consolidation history of the soil...
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present the dynamic compliances of a circular footing resting on an elastic half-space for a wide range of dimensionless frequency, including torsional, vertical, rocking and horizontal oscillations.
Abstract: It is the purpose of the paper to present the dynamic compliances of a circular footing resting on an elastic half-space for a wide range of dimensionless frequency. Numerical results have been presented for the torsional, vertical, rocking and horizontal oscillations of a rigid disc placed on an elastic half-space, as well as for the coupling terms between the rocking and horizontal oscillations. The corresponding compliances, the stress distributions under the disc, and the Rayleigh wave part of the far-field displacements have been evaluated. It is hoped that these results will prove to be useful in the design of foundations for vibrating machinery and in the study of soil structure interaction.
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