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Topic

Sol-gel

About: Sol-gel is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 11843 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 262454 citation(s).


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Journal ArticleDOI
23 May 1998-Langmuir
Abstract: Nanotubes composed of various materials such as carbon, boron nitride, and oxides have been studied recently. In this report, the discovery of a new route for the synthesis of a nanotube made of titanium oxide is presented. Needle-shaped TiO2 crystals (anatase phase) with a diameter of ≈8 nm and a length of ≈100 nm were obtained when sol−gel-derived fine TiO2-based powders were treated chemically (e.g., for 20 h at 110 °C) with a 5−10 M NaOH aqueous solution. It was found by observation using a transmission electron microscope that the needle-shaped products have a tube structure. The TiO2 nanotubes have a large specific surface area of ≈400 m2·g-1. TiO2 nanotubes obtained in the present work are anticipated to have great potential for use in the preparation of catalysts, adsorbants, and deodorants with high activities, because their specific surface area is greatly increased. If metallic-, inorganic-, or organic-based materials can be inserted into the TiO2 nanotubes, novel characteristics such as electr...

2,247 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Etude de la preparation d'un gel colloidal par un procede sol gel Determination des proprietes electriques et electrochimiques

1,969 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Structural changes in sol-gel films with photo-irradiation were investigated using zinc oxide (ZnO) derived from zinc acetate. The exposure of the films to an ultraviolet lamp induced hexagonal ZnO crystals in a relatively dense amorphous structure. On the other hand, the formation of zinc metal was found in a porous gel film. The photo-induced crystallization and reduction are ascribed to the electronic excitation in the metastable non-crystalline states.

1,004 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper describes a sol−gel approach for the coating of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with uniform shells of amorphous silica. The coating process has been successfully applied to particles contained in a commercial ferrofluid (e.g., the EMG 304 of Ferrofluidics) and those synthesized through a wet chemical process. The thickness of silica coating could be conveniently controlled in the range of 2−100 nm by changing the concentration of the sol−gel solution. Fluorescent dyes, for example, 7-(dimethylamino)-4-methylcoumarin-3-isothiocyanate (DACITC) and tetramethylrhodamine-5-isothiocyanate (5-TRITC), have also been incorporated into the silica shells by covalently coupling these organic compounds with the sol−gel precursor. These multifunctional nanoparticles are potentially useful in a number of areas because they can be simultaneously manipulated with an externally applied magnetic field and characterized in situ using conventional fluorescence microscopy.

979 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The formation of amorphous metal oxide semiconducting thin-films using a ‘sol–gel on chip’ hydrolysis approach from soluble metal alkoxide precursors affords unprecedented high field-effect mobilities, reproducible and stable turn-on voltages Von≈0 V and high operational stability at maximum process temperatures as low as 230 °C.
Abstract: A low-temperature, solution-based preparation of amorphous, metal oxide semiconducting thin-films is reported. This ‘sol–gel on chip’ hydrolysis approach yields thin-film transistors with high field-effect mobilities, reproducible and stable turn-on voltages and high operational stability.

836 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20228
2021236
2020254
2019308
2018340
2017402