Topic

# Solenoid

About: Solenoid is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 19278 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 114721 citation(s).

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11 Mar 2010-Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment

TL;DR: In this article, the design and construction of BESIII, which is designed to study physics in the τ-charm energy region utilizing the new high luminosity BEPCII double ring e + e − collider, is discussed.

Abstract: This paper will discuss the design and construction of BESIII, which is designed to study physics in the τ -charm energy region utilizing the new high luminosity BEPCII double ring e + e − collider. The expected performance will be given based on Monte Carlo simulations and results of cosmic ray and beam tests. In BESIII, tracking and momentum measurements for charged particles are made by a cylindrical multilayer drift chamber in a 1 T superconducting solenoid. Charged particles are identified with a time-of-flight system based on plastic scintillators in conjunction with dE/dx (energy loss per unit pathlength) measurements in the drift chamber. Energies of electromagnetic showers are measured by a CsI(Tl) crystal calorimeter located inside the solenoid magnet. Muons are identified by arrays of resistive plate chambers in a steel magnetic yoke for the flux return. The level 1 trigger system, data acquisition system and the detector control system based on networked computers will also be described.

599 citations

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16 Apr 2008

TL;DR: Using the linear forces provided by an electromagnetic solenoid applied near the distal end of a medical catheter, various surgical instruments can be actuated or deployed for use in interventional medicine as discussed by the authors.

Abstract: Using the linear forces that are provided by an electromagnetic solenoid applied near the distal end of a medical catheter (26), various surgical instruments can be actuated or deployed for use in interventional medicine. The linear actuator (101) uses the principles of magnetic repulsion and attraction as a means for moving a bobbin (13) that can be attached to various types of moving components that translate linear movements into the actuation of a tool that is attached to the linear actuator. Using independent solenoid coils (14), movement modality is increased from two possible positions to three.

594 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, it was shown that stable zones always exist on the axis of a field with rotational symmetry, and include the inflection point of the magnitude of the field.

Abstract: Diamagnetic objects are repelled by magnetic fields. If the fields are strong enough, this repulsion can balance gravity, and objects levitated in this way can be held in stable equilibrium, apparently violating Earnshaw's theorem. In fact Earnshaw's theorem does not apply to induced magnetism, and it is possible for the total energy (gravitational+magnetic) to possess a minimum. General stability conditions are derived, and it is shown that stable zones always exist on the axis of a field with rotational symmetry, and include the inflection point of the magnitude of the field. For the field inside a solenoid, the zone is calculated in detail; if the solenoid is long, the zone is centred on the top end, and its vertical extent is about half the radius of the solenoid. The theory explains recent experiments by Geimet al, in which a variety of objects (one of which was a living frog) was levitated in a field of about 16 T. Similar ideas explain the stability of a spinning magnet (Levitron TM ) above a magnetized base plate. Stable levitation

420 citations

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23 Jul 1982

TL;DR: In this paper, the relative position of the transmitter and the receiver is calculated with respect to some known survey station by a method of successive approximations, and the operating frequency is chosen to minimize field distortion from common steel structures, such as pipe, casing or railroad tracks.

Abstract: The location method uses relatively low frequency electromagnetic fields, e.g., 1-1000 Hz, for determining the relative position and/or orientation of a transmitting magnetic dipole antenna by using a vector field receiver. The transmitting antenna for subterranean location, is preferably a single axis, elongated solenoid with a ferromagnetic core. The receiving sensor may be a precise three-axis magnetic field detector of either a magnetometer or search coil type. Measurements are made for one or more positions of either the transmitter or receiver, or with one or more transmitters or receivers. The relative location of the transmitter and the receiver is calculated with respect to some known survey station by a method of successive approximations. The operating frequency is chosen to minimize field distortion from common steel structures, such as pipe, casing or railroad tracks, and to minimize field scattering such as from conducting inhomogeneities in the earth. Either the transmitter or receiver can be operated within metal structures such as casing. The method can be used for location of underground boreholes or pipelines; location of trapped miners; as a means of blind surveying such as in underground mines; or as a means of navigation such as in relatively shallow horizontal or vertical drilling and tunneling or in raise bore mining.

328 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of coil misalignment and geometry are addressed in a single mathematical expression for inductively coupled wireless power transfer, and a novel analytical power transfer efficiency model is presented.

Abstract: A novel analytical model of inductively coupled wireless power transfer is presented. For the first time, the effects of coil misalignment and geometry are addressed in a single mathematical expression. In the applications envisaged, such as radio frequency identification (RFID) and biomedical implants, the receiving coil is normally significantly smaller than the transmitting coil. Formulas are derived for the magnetic field at the receiving coil when it is laterally and angularly misaligned from the transmitting coil. Incorporating this magnetic field solution with an equivalent circuit for the inductive link allows us to introduce a power transfer formula that combines coil characteristics and misalignment factors. The coil geometries considered are spiral and short solenoid structures which are currently popular in the RFID and biomedical domains. The novel analytical power transfer efficiency expressions introduced in this study allow the optimization of coil geometry for maximum power transfer and misalignment tolerance. The experimental results show close correlation with the theoretical predictions. This analytic technique can be widely applied to inductive wireless power transfer links without the limitations imposed by numerical methods.

318 citations