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Space time

About: Space time is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4649 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 85527 citation(s).

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24 Apr 2002
TL;DR: Results show that remarkable energy and spectral efficiencies are achievable by combining concepts drawn from space-time coding, multiuser detection, array processing and iterative decoding.
Abstract: Space-time codes (STC) are a class of signaling techniques, offering coding and diversity gains along with improved spectral efficiency. These codes exploit both the spatial and the temporal diversity of the wireless link by combining the design of the error correction code, modulation scheme and array processing. STC are well suited for improving the downlink performance, which is the bottleneck in asymmetric applications such as downstream Internet. Three original contributions to the area of STC are presented in this dissertation. First, the development of analytic tools that determine the fundamental limits on the performance of STC in a variety of channel conditions. For trellis-type STC, transfer function based techniques are applied to derive performance bounds over Rayleigh, Rician and correlated fading environments. For block-type STC, an analytic framework that supports various complex orthogonal designs with arbitrary signal cardinalities and array configurations is developed. In the second part of the dissertation, the Virginia Tech Space-Time Advanced Radio (VT-STAR) is designed, introducing a multi-antenna hardware laboratory test bed, which facilitates characterization of the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel and validation of various space-time approaches. In the third part of the dissertation, two novel space-time architectures paired with iterative processing principles are proposed. The first scheme extends the suitability of STC to outdoor wireless communications by employing iterative equalization/decoding for time dispersive channels and the second scheme employs iterative interference cancellation/decoding to solve the error propagation problem of Bell-Labs Layered Space-Time Architecture (BLAST). Results show that remarkable energy and spectral efficiencies are achievable by combining concepts drawn from space-time coding, multiuser detection, array processing and iterative decoding.

2,286 citations

01 Jan 1984
Abstract: This volume introduces and systematically develops the calculus of 2-spinors. This is the first detailed exposition of this technique which leads not only to a deeper understanding of the structure of space-time, but also provides shortcuts to some very tedious calculations. Many results are given here for the first time.

2,122 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

1,570 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In a key input circuit, the key input signal is serialized and applied directly and through a circulating register working with a certain delay time to one gate for transmitting the direct key input signal and to another gate for transmitting the output of the register utilizing the other signal as an inhibitation signal. The output of the one gate is supplied to an output means which allows the passage at a predetermined time later and the output of the another gate is used to erase the corresponding contents of the register at a predetermined time later. This erasing is inhibited for a predetermined time period to allow a new key input signal.

1,019 citations

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