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Topic

Spatial light modulator

About: Spatial light modulator is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 9043 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 130143 citation(s).


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
21 Jul 2005-Nature
TL;DR: An optical image-driven dielectrophoresis technique that permits high-resolution patterning of electric fields on a photoconductive surface for manipulating single particles and requires 100,000 times less optical intensity than optical tweezers is presented.
Abstract: The ability to manipulate biological cells and micrometre-scale particles plays an important role in many biological and colloidal science applications. However, conventional manipulation techniques--including optical tweezers, electrokinetic forces (electrophoresis, dielectrophoresis, travelling-wave dielectrophoresis), magnetic tweezers, acoustic traps and hydrodynamic flows--cannot achieve high resolution and high throughput at the same time. Optical tweezers offer high resolution for trapping single particles, but have a limited manipulation area owing to tight focusing requirements; on the other hand, electrokinetic forces and other mechanisms provide high throughput, but lack the flexibility or the spatial resolution necessary for controlling individual cells. Here we present an optical image-driven dielectrophoresis technique that permits high-resolution patterning of electric fields on a photoconductive surface for manipulating single particles. It requires 100,000 times less optical intensity than optical tweezers. Using an incoherent light source (a light-emitting diode or a halogen lamp) and a digital micromirror spatial light modulator, we have demonstrated parallel manipulation of 15,000 particle traps on a 1.3 x 1.0 mm2 area. With direct optical imaging control, multiple manipulation functions are combined to achieve complex, multi-step manipulation protocols.

1,283 citations

Patent
23 Aug 1990
TL;DR: An electrostatically deflectable beam spatial light modulator with the beams (30), address electrodes (42, 46), and landing electrodes (40, 41) to provide soft-landing of the beams on the landing electrodes as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: An electrostatically deflectable beam spatial light modulator with the beams (30), address electrodes (42, 46), and landing electrodes (40, 41) to provide soft-landing of the beams on the landing electrodes (40, 41) which gives uniform large-angle deflection plus high reliability.

1,252 citations

Patent
28 Oct 1988
TL;DR: In this paper, a deflectable beam spatial light modulator formed from a structure of a reflecting layer on a spacer layer, typically photoresist, which in turn is on a substrate containing electronic addressing circuitry is disclosed.
Abstract: A deflectable beam spatial light modulator formed from a structure of a reflecting layer, typically metal, on a spacer layer, typically photoresist, which in turn is on a substrate containing electronic addressing circuitry is disclosed. Also, the method of fabrication including a plasma etch after dicing of the substrate into chips is disclosed.

685 citations

Patent
06 Jan 2003
TL;DR: In this article, a display apparatus, including a laser light source for emitting a light beam, a beam expander for expanding the light beam; a spatial light modulator; beam shaping optics for shaping the expanded laser beam to provide uniform illumination of the spatial modulator.
Abstract: A display apparatus, includes a laser light source for emitting a light beam; a beam expander for expanding the light beam; a spatial light modulator; beam shaping optics for shaping the expanded laser beam to provide uniform illumination of the spatial light modulator, the beam shaping optics including a fly's eye integrator having an array of lenslets; and a moving diffuser located in the laser beam between the laser light source and the spatial light modulator.

592 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of past and future DMD performance in the context of new DMD applications is presented, several examples of emerging products are cited, and the DMD components and tools now available to developers are described.
Abstract: For the past six years, Digital Light Processing technology from Texas Instruments has made significant inroads in the projection display market. With products enabling the world’s smallest data and video projectors, HDTVs, and digital cinema, DLP technology is extremely powerful and flexible. At the heart of these display solutions is Texas Instruments Digital Micromirror Device (DMD), a semiconductor-based “light switch” array of thousands of individually addressable, tiltable, mirror-pixels. With success of the DMD as a spatial light modulator for projector applications, dozens of new applications are now being enabled by general-use DMD products that are recently available to developers. The same light switching speed and “on-off” (contrast) ratio that have resulted in superior projector performance, along with the capability of operation outside the visible spectrum, make the DMD very attractive for many applications, including volumetric display, holographic data storage, lithography, scientific instrumentation, and medical imaging. This paper presents an overview of past and future DMD performance in the context of new DMD applications, cites several examples of emerging products, and describes the DMD components and tools now available to developers.

508 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20226
2021260
2020451
2019460
2018452
2017486