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Specific strength

About: Specific strength is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2570 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 34073 citation(s). The topic is also known as: strength-to-weight ratio & strength/weight ratio.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper is a review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. Natural fibers have recently become attractive to researchers, engineers and scientists as an alternative reinforcement for fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. Due to their low cost, fairly good mechanical properties, high specific strength, non-abrasive, eco-friendly and bio-degradability characteristics, they are exploited as a replacement for the conventional fiber, such as glass, aramid and carbon. The tensile properties of natural fiber reinforce polymers (both thermoplastics and thermosets) are mainly influenced by the interfacial adhesion between the matrix and the fibers. Several chemical modifications are employed to improve the interfacial matrix–fiber bonding resulting in the enhancement of tensile properties of the composites. In general, the tensile strengths of the natural fiber reinforced polymer composites increase with fiber content, up to a maximum or optimum value, the value will then drop. However, the Young’s modulus of the natural fiber reinforced polymer composites increase with increasing fiber loading. Khoathane et al. [1] found that the tensile strength and Young’s modulus of composites reinforced with bleached hemp fibers increased incredibly with increasing fiber loading. Mathematical modelling was also mentioned. It was discovered that the rule of mixture (ROM) predicted and experimental tensile strength of different natural fibers reinforced HDPE composites were very close to each other. Halpin–Tsai equation was found to be the most effective equation in predicting the Young’s modulus of composites containing different types of natural fibers.

1,473 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Nanocrystalline magnesium alloys having high tensile strength, high elevated-temperature tensile strength, high-strain-rate superplasticity and high thermal stability have been developed in Mg 97 Zn 1 Y 2 (at% I alloy by rapidly solidified powder metallurgy (RS P/M) processing. The tensile yield strength and elongation that were dependent on the consolidation temperature were in the ranges of 480 to 610MPa and 5 to 16%, respectively. Young's modulus of the RS P/M alloy was 45 GPa. The specific tensile yield strength was four times as high as that of a commercial AZ91-T6 alloy, and was higher than those of conventional titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) and aluminum (7075-T6) alloys. The RS P/M alloys exhibited excellent elevated-temperature yield strength that was 510 MPa at 423 K. The RS P/M alloy also exhibited high-strain-rate superplasticity at a wide strain-rate range from I × 10 - to I × 10 0 s -1 and at a low temperature of 623 K. It is expected that the Mg 97 Zn 1 Y 2 RS P/M alloy can he applied in some fields that requires simultaneously the high specific strength at ambient and elevated temperatures and high workability.

786 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: New Mg-based amorphous alloys with high strength and good ductility were produced in the Mg-Ce-Ni system by melt spinning. The tensile fracture strength ( σf) and Vickers hardness reach 750 MPa and 199 DPN for Mg80Ce10Ni10. The specific strength defined by the ratio of σf to density is as high as 27, being considerably higher than the highest value (20) for conventional Al-based alloys. The high-strength Mg-base amorphous alloys are expected to attract much attention as a new type of high-strength material with low density.

486 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The composite materials are replacing the traditional materials, because of its superior properties such as high tensile strength, low thermal expansion, high strength to weight ratio. The developments of new materials are on the anvil and are growing day by day. Natural fiber composites such as sisal and jute polymer composites became more attractive due to their high specific strength, lightweight and biodegradability. Mixing of natural fiber with Glass-Fiber Reinforced Polymers (GFRPs) are finding increased applications. In this study, sisal–jute–glass fiber reinforced polyester composites is developed and their mechanical properties such as tensile strength, flexural strength and impact strength are evaluated. The interfacial properties, internal cracks and internal structure of the fractured surfaces are evaluated by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The results indicated that the incorporation of sisal–jute fiber with GFRP can improve the properties and used as a alternate material for glass fiber reinforced polymer composites.

473 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Akihisa Inoue1, Baolong Shen, Hisato Koshiba1, Hidemi Kato1  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
TL;DR: A Co43Fe20Ta5.5B31.5 glassy alloy exhibiting ultrahigh fracture strength, strength, specific strength and specific Young's modulus are higher than previous values reported for any bulk crystalline or glassy alloys.
Abstract: Bulk metallic glasses—formed by supercooling the liquid state of certain metallic alloys—have potentially superior mechanical properties to crystalline materials. Here, we report a Co43Fe20Ta5.5B31.5 glassy alloy exhibiting ultrahigh fracture strength of 5,185 MPa, high Young's modulus of 268 GPa, high specific strength of 6.0 × 105 Nm kg−1 and high specific Young's modulus of 31 × 106 Nm kg−1. The strength, specific strength and specific Young's modulus are higher than previous values reported for any bulk crystalline or glassy alloys1,2,3. Excellent formability is manifested by large tensile elongation of 1,400% and large reduction ratio in thickness above 90% in the supercooled liquid region. The ultrahigh-strength alloy also exhibited soft magnetic properties with extremely high permeability of 550,000. This alloy is promising as a new ultrahigh-strength material with good deformability and soft magnetic properties.

467 citations

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