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Spinel

About: Spinel is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 18795 publications have been published within this topic receiving 409296 citations. The topic is also known as: pinche pink diamond.


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Journal ArticleDOI
F.K. Lotgering1
TL;DR: In this article, a new method is described for the preparation of polycrystalline materials with oriented crystals by reaction of the oriented grains of a strongly anisotropic ferrimagnetic with non-oriented grains of usually non-magnetic components.

1,850 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A remarkable electrode performance results from the facile charge transfer and Zn insertion in the structurally robust spinel featuring small particle size and abundant cation vacancies, as evidenced by combined electrochemical measurements, XRD, Raman, synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy, FTIR, and NMR analysis.
Abstract: Rechargeable aqueous Zn-ion batteries are attractive cheap, safe and green energy storage technologies but are bottlenecked by limitation in high-capacity cathode and compatible electrolyte to achieve satisfactory cyclability. Here we report the application of nonstoichiometric ZnMn2O4/carbon composite as a new Zn-insertion cathode material in aqueous Zn(CF3SO3)2 electrolyte. In 3 M Zn(CF3SO3)2 solution that enables ∼100% Zn plating/stripping efficiency with long-term stability and suppresses Mn dissolution, the spinel/carbon hybrid exhibits a reversible capacity of 150 mAh g–1 and a capacity retention of 94% over 500 cycles at a high rate of 500 mA g–1. The remarkable electrode performance results from the facile charge transfer and Zn insertion in the structurally robust spinel featuring small particle size and abundant cation vacancies, as evidenced by combined electrochemical measurements, XRD, Raman, synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy, FTIR, and NMR analysis. The results would enlighten and pr...

1,337 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors improved the rechargeable capacity of 4 V LixMn2O4 spinel cathodes by modifying the composition of the spinel electrode, achieving a capacity in excess of 100 mAh/g in flooded-electrolyte lithium cells.

1,331 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Electrochemical and X-ray near-edge structure (XANES) investigations revealed that the nucleation and growth method for forming inorganic-nanocarbon hybrids results in covalent coupling between spinel oxide nanoparticles and N-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rmGO) sheets.
Abstract: Through direct nanoparticle nucleation and growth on nitrogen doped, reduced graphene oxide sheets and cation substitution of spinel Co3O4 nanoparticles, a manganese–cobalt spinel MnCo2O4/graphene hybrid was developed as a highly efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline conditions Electrochemical and X-ray near-edge structure (XANES) investigations revealed that the nucleation and growth method for forming inorganic–nanocarbon hybrids results in covalent coupling between spinel oxide nanoparticles and N-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rmGO) sheets Carbon K-edge and nitrogen K-edge XANES showed strongly perturbed C–O and C–N bonding in the N-rmGO sheet, suggesting the formation of C–O–metal and C–N–metal bonds between N-doped graphene oxide and spinel oxide nanoparticles Co L-edge and Mn L-edge XANES suggested substitution of Co3+ sites by Mn3+, which increased the activity of the catalytic sites in the hybrid materials, further boosting the ORR activity compared with th

1,184 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: In this paper, a manganese-cobalt spinel MnCo2O4/graphene hybrid was developed as a highly efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline conditions.
Abstract: Through direct nanoparticle nucleation and growth on nitrogen doped, reduced graphene oxide sheets and cation substitution of spinel Co3O4 nanoparticles, a manganese-cobalt spinel MnCo2O4/graphene hybrid was developed as a highly efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline conditions. Electrochemical and X-ray near edge structure (XANES) investigations revealed that the nucleation and growth method for forming inorganic-nanocarbon hybrid results in covalent coupling between spinel oxide nanoparticles and N-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-rmGO) sheets. Carbon K-edge and nitrogen K-edge XANES showed strongly perturbed C-O and C-N bonding in the N-rmGO sheet, suggesting the formation of C-O-metal and C-N-metal bonds between N-doped graphene oxide and spinel oxide nanoparticles. Co L-edge and Mn L-edge XANES suggested substitu-tion of Co3+ sites by Mn3+, which increased the activity of the catalytic sites in the hybrid materials, further boosting the ORR activity compared to the pure cobalt oxide hybrid. The covalently bonded hybrid afforded much greater activity and durability than the physi-cal mixture of nanoparticles and carbon materials including N-rmGO. At the same mass loading, the MnCo2O4/N-graphene hybrid can outperform Pt/C in ORR current density at medium overpotentials with superior stability to Pt/C in alkaline solutions.

1,105 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20231,208
20222,366
2021930
2020979
2019911
2018867