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# Split-radix FFT algorithm

About: Split-radix FFT algorithm is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 1845 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 41398 citation(s).

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TL;DR: Good generalized these methods and gave elegant algorithms for which one class of applications is the calculation of Fourier series, applicable to certain problems in which one must multiply an N-vector by an N X N matrix which can be factored into m sparse matrices.

Abstract: An efficient method for the calculation of the interactions of a 2' factorial ex- periment was introduced by Yates and is widely known by his name. The generaliza- tion to 3' was given by Box et al. (1). Good (2) generalized these methods and gave elegant algorithms for which one class of applications is the calculation of Fourier series. In their full generality, Good's methods are applicable to certain problems in which one must multiply an N-vector by an N X N matrix which can be factored into m sparse matrices, where m is proportional to log N. This results inma procedure requiring a number of operations proportional to N log N rather than N2. These methods are applied here to the calculation of complex Fourier series. They are useful in situations where the number of data points is, or can be chosen to be, a highly composite number. The algorithm is here derived and presented in a rather different form. Attention is given to the choice of N. It is also shown how special advantage can be obtained in the use of a binary computer with N = 2' and how the entire calculation can be performed within the array of N data storage locations used for the given Fourier coefficients. Consider the problem of calculating the complex Fourier series N-1 (1) X(j) = EA(k)-Wjk, j = 0 1, * ,N- 1, k=0

10,975 citations

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TL;DR: This paper observes that one of the standard interpolation or "gridding" schemes, based on Gaussians, can be accelerated by a significant factor without precomputation and storage of the interpolation weights, of particular value in two- and three- dimensional settings.

Abstract: The nonequispaced Fourier transform arises in a variety of application areas, from medical imaging to radio astronomy to the numerical solution of partial differential equations. In a typical problem, one is given an irregular sampling of N data in the frequency domain and one is interested in reconstructing the corresponding function in the physical domain. When the sampling is uniform, the fast Fourier transform (FFT) allows this calculation to be computed in O(N log N ) operations rather than O(N 2 ) operations. Unfortunately, when the sampling is nonuniform, the FFT does not apply. Over the last few years, a number of algorithms have been developed to overcome this limitation and are often referred to as nonuniform FFTs (NUFFTs). These rely on a mixture of interpolation and the judicious use of the FFT on an oversampled grid (A. Dutt and V. Rokhlin, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 14 (1993), pp. 1368-1383). In this paper, we observe that one of the standard interpolation or "gridding" schemes, based on Gaussians, can be accelerated by a significant factor without precomputation and storage of the interpolation weights. This is of particular value in two- and three- dimensional settings, saving either 10 d N in storage in d dimensions or a factor of about 5-10 in CPUtime (independent of dimension).

640 citations

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TL;DR: This paper presents an algorithm for computing the fast Fourier transform, based on a method proposed by Cooley and Tukey, and includes an efficient method for permuting the results in place.

Abstract: This paper presents an algorithm for computing the fast Fourier transform, based on a method proposed by Cooley and Tukey. As in their algorithm, the dimension n of the transform is factored (if possible), and n/p elementary transforms of dimension p are computed for each factor p of n . An improved method of computing a transform step corresponding to an odd factor of n is given; with this method, the number of complex multiplications for an elementary transform of dimension p is reduced from (p-1)^{2} to (p-1)^{2}/4 for odd p . The fast Fourier transform, when computed in place, requires a final permutation step to arrange the results in normal order. This algorithm includes an efficient method for permuting the results in place. The algorithm is described mathematically and illustrated by a FORTRAN subroutine.

528 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, Discrete convolution and FFT (DC-FFT) is adopted instead of the method of continuous convolutions and Fourier transform for the contact problems.

Abstract: The fast Fourier transform (FFT) technology has been introduced into the process of contact analyses. However, a problem may occur at the borders of the domain due to a periodic error involved. In order to obtain reasonable results, an expedient treatment requires a computational physical domain much larger than the target domain at the cost of calculation efficiency. This paper studies the source of the error and investigates the methods that can help avoid this error and improve the efficiency. Discrete convolution and FFT (DC-FFT) is first adopted instead of the method of continuous convolution and Fourier transform for the contact problems. A few approaches based on the DC-FFT method are presented and numerical results are compared.

517 citations

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01 Aug 1984TL;DR: The Fast Hartley Transform (FHT) is as fast as or faster than the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and serves for all the uses such as spectral analysis, digital processing, and convolution to which the FFT is at present applied.

Abstract: A fast algorithm has been worked out for performing the Discrete Hartley Transform (DHT) of a data sequence of N elements in a time proportional to Nlog 2 N. The Fast Hartley Transform (FHT) is as fast as or faster than the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and serves for all the uses such as spectral analysis, digital processing, and convolution to which the FFT is at present applied. A new timing diagram (stripe diagram) is presented to illustrate the overall dependence of running time on the subroutines composing one implementation; this mode of presentation supplements the simple counting of multiplies and adds. One may view the Fast Hartley procedure as a sequence of matrix operations on the data and thus as constituting a new factorization of the DFT matrix operator; this factorization is presented. The FHT computes convolutions and power spectra distinctly faster than the FFT.

449 citations