About: Spot welding is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 12491 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 89845 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Spot_welding.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the basic principles of friction stir welding (FSW) are discussed, including terminology, material flow, joint configurations, tool design, materials, and defects, with an emphasis on recent advances in aerospace, automotive, and ship building.
Abstract: This article provides an introduction to the basic principles of friction stir welding (FSW) as well as a survey of the latest research and applications in the field. The basic principles covered include terminology, material flow, joint configurations, tool design, materials, and defects. Material flow is discussed from both an experimental and a modeling perspective. Process variants are discussed as well, which include self-reacting (SR-FSW), stationary shoulder, friction stir processing (FSP), friction stir spot welding (FSSW), assisted FSW, and pulsed FSW. Multiple aspects of robotic friction stir welding are covered, including sensing, control, and joint tracking. Methods of evaluating weld quality are surveyed as well. The latest applications are discussed, with an emphasis on recent advances in aerospace, automotive, and ship building. Finally, the direction of future research and potential applications are examined.
TL;DR: In this article, the fundamental understanding of structure-properties relationship in automotive steels resistance spot welds is discussed. And a brief review of friction stir spot welding, as an alternative to RSW, is also included.
Abstract: Spot welding, particularly resistance spot welding (RSW), is a critical joining process in automotive industry. The development of advanced high strength steels for applications in automotive industry is accompanied with a challenge to better understand the physical and mechanical metallurgy of these materials during RSW. The present paper critically reviews the fundamental understanding of structure–properties relationship in automotive steels resistance spot welds. The focus is on the metallurgical characteristics, hardness–microstructure correlation, interfacial to pullout failure mode transition and mechanical performance of steel resistance spot welds under quasi-static, fatigue and impact loading conditions. A brief review of friction stir spot welding, as an alternative to RSW, is also included.
••20 Dec 2005
TL;DR: WELDING METALLURGY Solidification in Resistance Spot Welding Phase Transformations in RSW Cracking References ELECTROTHERMAL Processes of WELDING Introduction Electrical Characteristics of Resistance Welding Thermal Characteristics and Electrode Life Lobe Diagrams References WELD DISCONTINUITIES Classification of Discontinuities as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: WELDING METALLURGY Solidification in Resistance Spot Welding Phase Transformations in RSW Cracking References ELECTROTHERMAL PROCESSES OF WELDING Introduction Electrical Characteristics of Resistance Welding Thermal Characteristics of Resistance Welding Heat Balance Electrode Life Lobe Diagrams References WELD DISCONTINUITIES Classification of Discontinuities Void Formation in Weld Nuggets Cracking in Welding AA6111 Alloys Cracking in Welding AA5754 Alloys References MECHANICAL TESTING Introduction Shop Floor Practices Instrumented Tests References RESISTANCE WELDING PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL Introduction Data Acquisition Process Monitoring References WELD QUALITY AND INSPECTION Weld Quality Attributes Destructive Evaluation Nondestructive Evaluation References EXPULSION IN RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING Influence of Expulsion on Spot Weld Quality Expulsion Process and Detection Expulsion Prediction and Prevention Examples References INFLUENCE OF MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WELDING MACHINES Introduction Mechanical Characteristics of Typical Spot Welders Influence of Machine Stiffness Influence of Friction Influence of Moving Mass Follow-Up in a Welding Cycle Squeeze Time and Hold Time Measurement Other Factors References NUMERICAL SIMULATION IN RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING Introduction Coupled Electrical-Thermal-Mechanical Analysis Simulation of Contact Properties and Contact Area Simulation of Other Factors Modeling of Microstructure Evolution Examples of Numerical Simulation of RSW Processes References STATISTICAL DESIGN, ANALYSIS, AND INFERENCE IN RESISTANCE WELDING RESEARCH Introduction Basic Concepts and Procedures Experiments with Continuous Response Experiments with Categorical Responses Computer Simulation Experiments Summary References INDEX
TL;DR: The production of light structural steel shapes from sheet steel, by cold forming and spot welding, necessitates the development of special design methods adapted to the peculiarities of such membe...
Abstract: The production of light structural steel shapes from sheet steel, by cold forming and spot welding, necessitates the development of special design methods adapted to the peculiarities of such membe...
TL;DR: In this paper, the microstructures and mechanical properties of friction stir welded Al-alloys existing in the open literature are discussed in detail in order to highlight the correlations between weld parameters used during FSW and the micro-structures evolved in the weld region and thus mechanical properties.
Abstract: The diversity and never-ending desire for a better life standard result in a continuous development of the existing manufacturing technologies. In line with these developments in the existing production technologies the demand for more complex products increases, which also stimulates new approaches in production routes of such products, e.g., novel welding procedures. For instance, the friction stir welding (FSW) technology, developed for joining difficult-to-weld Al-alloys, has been implemented by industry in manufacturing of several products. There are also numerous attempts to apply this method to other materials beyond Al-alloys. However, the process has not yet been implemented by industry for joining these materials with the exception of some limited applications. The microstructures and mechanical properties of friction stir welded Al-alloys existing in the open literature will be discussed in detail in this review. The correlations between weld parameters used during FSW and the microstructures evolved in the weld region and thus mechanical properties of the joints produced will be highlighted. However, the modeling studies, material flow, texture formation and developments in tool design are out of the scope of this work as well as the other variants of this technology, such as friction stir spot welding (FSSW).
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