Topic

# Stagnation temperature

About: Stagnation temperature is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2423 publications have been published within this topic receiving 46944 citations.

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1,422 citations

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TL;DR: Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stagnation point flow of Casson fluid towards a stretching sheet is addressed and Graphical behaviors of velocity, temperature and concentration are analyzed comprehensively.

Abstract: Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stagnation point flow of Casson fluid towards a stretching sheet is addressed. Homogeneous-heterogeneous reactions together with homogeneous heat effect subject to a resistive force of electromagnetic origin is discussed. It is assumed that the homogeneous process in the ambient fluid is governed by first order kinetics and the heterogeneous process on the wall surface is given by isothermal cubic autocatalator kinetics. Ordinary differential systems have been considered. Solutions of the problems are presented via a numerical technique namely built in shooting method. Graphical behaviors of velocity, temperature and concentration are analyzed comprehensively. Velocity is noticed a decreasing function of Hartman number.

630 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a similarity transform was used to reduce the Navier-Stokes equations to a set of non-linear ordinary differential equations, which are then integrated numerically.

Abstract: The stagnation flow towards a shrinking sheet is studied. A similarity transform reduces the Navier–Stokes equations to a set of non-linear ordinary differential equations which are then integrated numerically. Both two-dimensional and axisymmetric stagnation flows are considered. It is found that solutions do not exist for larger shrinking rates and may be non-unique in the two-dimensional case. The non-alignment of the stagnation flow and the shrinking sheet complicates the flow structure. Convective heat transfer decreases with the shrinking rate due to an increase in boundary layer thickness.

610 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a complete analysis of the temperature of an unheated surface in icing conditions is presented for the several significant regimes (i.e., less than 32°F, at 32° F, and above 32 °F) as a function of air speed, altitude, ambient temperature, and liquid water content.

Abstract: The thermal analysis of a heated surface in icing conditions has been extensively treated in the literature. Except for the work of Tribus, however, little has been done on the analysis of an unheated icing surface. This latter analysis is significant in the design of cyclic thermal deicing systems that are attractive for small high-speed aircraft for which thermal anti-icing requirements have become severe. In this paper, a complete analysis of the temperature of an unheated surface in icing conditions is presented for the several significant regimes (i.e., less than 32°F., at 32°F., and above 32°F.) as a function of air speed, altitude, ambient temperature, and liquid water content. The results are presented in graphical form and permit the rapid determination of surface temperature for a wide range of variables. Curves are presented to determine the speeds beyond which no ice accretion will occur. Curves are also presented to indicate the surface temperature and the rate of ice sublimation which takes place when an ice-covered surface emerges into clear air. One significant result of this study is the introduction of a new basic variable referred to as the "freezing-fraction," which denotes the proportion of the impinging liquid which freezes in the impingement region. The fact that some of the liquid does not freeze in the impingement region tends to explain the observed variation in ice formation shape with temperature, speed, and water catch. New test data obtained at Mt. Washington, N.H., for stagnation-point surface temperatures of an unheated plastic cylinder in natural and artificial icing conditions are included in the Appendix. These data substantiate the validity of the assumptions made in the theoretical analysis.

573 citations

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01 Jul 1964TL;DR: In this article, the authors extended the boundary-layer theory for an idealized elastico-viscous liquid and showed that the main effect of elasticity is to increase the velocity in the boundary layer and increase the stress on the solid boundary.

Abstract: The Prandtl boundary-layer theory is extended for an idealized elastico-viscous liquid. The boundary-layer equations are solved numerically for the case of two-dimensional flow near a stagnation point. It is shown that the main effect of elasticity is to increase the velocity in the boundary layer and also to increase the stress on the solid boundary.

462 citations