Topic

# Stark effect

About: Stark effect is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 9240 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 189278 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Stark–Lo Surdo effect.

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01 Jan 1935

Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. The quantum mechanical method 3. Angular momentum 4. The theory of radiation 5. One-electron spectra 6. The central-field approximation 7. The Russell-Saunders case: energy levels 8. The Russell-Saunders case: eigenfunctions 9. The Russell-Saunders case: line strengths 10. Coupling 11. Intermediate coupling 12. Transformations in the theory of complex spectra 13. Configurations containing almost closed shells. X-rays 14. Central fields 15. Configuration interaction 16. The Zeeman effect 17. The Stark effect 18. The nucleus in atomic spectra Appendix. Universal constants and natural atomic units.

2,606 citations

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01 Jan 1935

Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. The quantum mechanical method 3. Angular momentum 4. The theory of radiation 5. One-electron spectra 6. The central-field approximation 7. The Russell-Saunders case: energy levels 8. The Russell-Saunders case: eigenfunctions 9. The Russell-Saunders case: line strengths 10. Coupling 11. Intermediate coupling 12. Transformations in the theory of complex spectra 13. Configurations containing almost closed shells. X-rays 14. Central fields 15. Configuration interaction 16. The Zeeman effect 17. The Stark effect 18. The nucleus in atomic spectra Appendix. Universal constants and natural atomic units.

2,551 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: Detailed calculations of the shift of exciton peaks are presented including (i) exact solutions for single particles in infinite wells, (ii) tunneling resonance calculations for finite wells, and (iii) variational calculations ofexciton binding energy in a field.

Abstract: We report experiments and theory on the effects of electric fields on the optical absorption near the band edge in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum-well structures. We find distinct physical effects for fields parallel and perpendicular to the quantum-well layers. In both cases, we observe large changes in the absorption near the exciton peaks. In the parallel-field case, the excitons broaden with field, disappearing at fields \ensuremath{\sim}${10}^{4}$ V/cm; this behavior is in qualitative agreement with previous theory and in order-of-magnitude agreement with direct theoretical calculations of field ionization rates reported in this paper. This behavior is also qualitatively similar to that seen with three-dimensional semiconductors. For the perpendicular-field case, we see shifts of the exciton peaks to lower energies by up to 2.5 times the zero-field binding energy with the excitons remaining resolved at up to \ensuremath{\sim}${10}^{5}$ V/cm: This behavior is qualitatively different from that of bulk semiconductors and is explained through a mechanism previously briefly described by us [D. A. B. Miller et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2173 (1984)] called the quantum-confined Stark effect. In this mechanism the quantum confinement of carriers inhibits the exciton field ionization. To support this mechanism we present detailed calculations of the shift of exciton peaks including (i) exact solutions for single particles in infinite wells, (ii) tunneling resonance calculations for finite wells, and (iii) variational calculations of exciton binding energy in a field. We also calculate the tunneling lifetimes of particles in the wells to check the inhibition of field ionization. The calculations are performed using both the 85:15 split of band-gap discontinuity between conduction and valence bands and the recently proposed 57:43 split. Although the detailed calculations differ in the two cases, the overall shift of the exciton peaks is not very sensitive to split ratio. We find excellent agreement with experiment with no fitted parameters.

1,701 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}Abstract: We present theory and extended experimental results for the large shift in optical absorption in GaAs-AlGaAs quantum well structures with electric field perpendicular to the layers. In contrast to the Stark effect on atoms or on excitons in bulk semiconductors, the exciton resonances remain resolved even for shifts much larger than the zero-field binding energy and fields g 50 times the classical ionization field. The model explains these results as a consequence of the quantum confinement of carriers.

1,518 citations

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Abstract: A method is developed for calculating the effects of a strong oscillating field on two states of a quantum-mechanical system which are connected by a matrix element of the field. Explicit approximate solutions are obtained for a variety of special cases, and the results of numerical computations are given for others. The effect of an rf field on the $J=2\ensuremath{\rightarrow}1$ $l$-type doublet microwave absorption lines of OCS has been studied in particular both experimentally and theoretically. Each line was observed to split into two components when the frequency of the rf field was near 12.78 Mc or 38.28 Mc, which are the frequencies separating the $J=1$ and $J=2$ pairs of levels, respectively. By measuring the rf frequency, ${\ensuremath{
u}}_{0}$, at which the microwave lines are split into two equally intense components, one may determine the separation between the energy levels. The measured value of ${\ensuremath{
u}}_{0}$ depends upon the intensity of the rf field and the form of this dependence has been calculated and found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.

1,232 citations