About: State observer is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 13433 publications have been published within this topic receiving 226708 citations.
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01 Feb 1992
TL;DR: The theory and practical application of Lyapunov's Theorem, a method for the Study of Non-linear High-Gain Systems, are studied.
Abstract: I. Mathematical Tools.- 1 Scope of the Theory of Sliding Modes.- 1 Shaping the Problem.- 2 Formalization of Sliding Mode Description.- 3 Sliding Modes in Control Systems.- 2 Mathematical Description of Motions on Discontinuity Boundaries.- 1 Regularization Problem.- 2 Equivalent Control Method.- 3 Regularization of Systems Linear with Respect to Control.- 4 Physical Meaning of the Equivalent Control.- 5 Stochastic Regularization.- 3 The Uniqueness Problems.- 1 Examples of Discontinuous Systems with Ambiguous Sliding Equations.- 1.1 Systems with Scalar Control.- 1.2 Systems Nonlinear with Respect to Vector-Valued Control.- 1.3 Example of Ambiguity in a System Linear with Respect to Control ..- 2 Minimal Convex Sets.- 3 Ambiguity in Systems Linear with Respect to Control.- 4 Stability of Sliding Modes.- 1 Problem Statement, Definitions, Necessary Conditions for Stability ..- 2 An Analog of Lyapunov's Theorem to Determine the Sliding Mode Domain.- 3 Piecewise Smooth Lyapunov Functions.- 4 Quadratic Forms Method.- 5 Systems with a Vector-Valued Control Hierarchy.- 6 The Finiteness of Lyapunov Functions in Discontinuous Dynamic Systems.- 5 Singularly Perturbed Discontinuous Systems.- 1 Separation of Motions in Singularly Perturbed Systems.- 2 Problem Statement for Systems with Discontinuous control.- 3 Sliding Modes in Singularly Perturbed Discontinuous Control Systems.- II. Design.- 6 Decoupling in Systems with Discontinuous Controls.- 1 Problem Statement.- 2 Invariant Transformations.- 3 Design Procedure.- 4 Reduction of the Control System Equations to a Regular Form.- 4.1 Single-Input Systems.- 4.2 Multiple-Input Systems.- 7 Eigenvalue Allocation.- 1 Controllability of Stationary Linear Systems.- 2 Canonical Controllability Form.- 3 Eigenvalue Allocation in Linear Systems. Stabilizability.- 4 Design of Discontinuity Surfaces.- 5 Stability of Sliding Modes.- 6 Estimation of Convergence to Sliding Manifold.- 8 Systems with Scalar Control.- 1 Design of Locally Stable Sliding Modes.- 2 Conditions of Sliding Mode Stability "in the Large".- 3 Design Procedure: An Example.- 4 Systems in the Canonical Form.- 9 Dynamic Optimization.- 1 Problem Statement.- 2 Observability, Detectability.- 3 Optimal Control in Linear Systems with Quadratic Criterion.- 4 Optimal Sliding Modes.- 5 Parametric Optimization.- 6 Optimization in Time-Varying Systems.- 10 Control of Linear Plants in the Presence of Disturbances.- 1 Problem Statement.- 2 Sliding Mode Invariance Conditions.- 3 Combined Systems.- 4 Invariant Systems Without Disturbance Measurements.- 5 Eigenvalue Allocation in Invariant System with Non-measurable Disturbances.- 11 Systems with High Gains and Discontinuous Controls.- 1 Decoupled Motion Systems.- 2 Linear Time-Invariant Systems.- 3 Equivalent Control Method for the Study of Non-linear High-Gain Systems.- 4 Concluding Remarks.- 12 Control of Distributed-Parameter Plants.- 1 Systems with Mobile Control.- 2 Design Based on the Lyapunov Method.- 3 Modal Control.- 4 Design of Distributed Control of Multi-Variable Heat Processes.- 13 Control Under Uncertainty Conditions.- 1 Design of Adaptive Systems with Reference Model.- 2 Identification with Piecewise-Continuous Dynamic Models.- 3 Method of Self-Optimization.- 14 State Observation and Filtering.- 1 The Luenberger Observer.- 2 Observer with Discontinuous Parameters.- 3 Sliding Modes in Systems with Asymptotic Observers.- 4 Quasi-Optimal Adaptive Filtering.- 15 Sliding Modes in Problems of Mathematical Programming.- 1 Problem Statement.- 2 Motion Equations and Necessary Existence Conditions for Sliding Mode.- 3 Gradient Procedures for Piecewise Smooth Function.- 4 Conditions for Penalty Function Existence. Convergence of Gradient Procedure.- 5 Design of Piecewise Smooth Penalty Function.- 6 Linearly Independent Constraints.- III. Applications.- 16 Manipulator Control System.- 1 Model of Robot Arm.- 2 Problem Statement.- 3 Design of Control.- 4 Design of Control System for a Two-joint Manipulator.- 5 Manipulator Simulation.- 6 Path Control.- 7 Conclusions.- 17 Sliding Modes in Control of Electric Motors.- 1 Problem Statement.- 2 Control of d. c. Motor.- 3 Control of Induction Motor.- 4 Control of Synchronous Motor.- 18 Examples.- 1 Electric Drives for Metal-cutting Machine Tools.- 2 Vehicle Control.- 3 Process Control.- 4 Other Applications.- References.
27 Aug 1998
TL;DR: This text provides the reader with a grounding in sliding mode control and is appropriate for the graduate with a basic knowledge of classical control theory and some knowledge of state-space methods.
Abstract: In the formation of any control problem there will be discrepancies between the actual plant and the mathematical model for controller design. Sliding mode control theory seeks to produce controllers to over some such mismatches. This text provides the reader with a grounding in sliding mode control and is appropriate for the graduate with a basic knowledge of classical control theory and some knowledge of state-space methods. From this basis, more advanced theoretical results are developed. Two industrial case studies, which present the results of sliding mode controller implementations, are used to illustrate the successful practical application theory.
TL;DR: It turns out that the deviation of the system from its prescribed constraints (sliding accuracy) is proportional to the switching time delay and a new class of sliding modes and algorithms is presented and the concept of sliding mode order is introduced.
Abstract: The synthesis of a control algorithm that stirs a nonlinear system to a given manifold and keeps it within this constraint is considered. Usually, what is called sliding mode is employed in such synthesis. This sliding mode is characterized, in practice, by a high-frequency switching of the control. It turns out that the deviation of the system from its prescribed constraints (sliding accuracy) is proportional to the switching time delay. A new class of sliding modes and algorithms is presented and the concept of sliding mode order is introduced. These algorithms feature a bounded control continuously depending on time, with discontinuities only in the control derivative. It is also shown that the sliding accuracy is proportional to the square of the switching time delay.
TL;DR: This paper presents a global non-singular terminal sliding mode controller for rigid manipulators to enable the elimination of the singularity problem associated with conventional terminal slide mode control.
TL;DR: In this paper, an observer for nonlinear systems is constructed under rather general technical assumptions (the fact that some functions are globally Lipschitz) and a tentative application to biological systems is described.
Abstract: An observer for nonlinear systems is constructed under rather general technical assumptions (the fact that some functions are globally Lipschitz). This observer works either for autonomous systems or for nonlinear systems that are observable for any input. A tentative application to biological systems is described. >
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