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Topic

Sterculia foetida

About: Sterculia foetida is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 166 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 2532 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Bastard poon tree & Hazel sterculia.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oil is one of the effective ways to overcome the problems associated with energy crisis and environmental issues. The non-edible oils represent potential sources for future energy supply. In this study, the physical and chemical properties of crude Jatropha curcas oil (CJCO), crude Sterculia foetida oil (CSFO) and crude Ceiba pentandra oil (CCPO) and its methyl ester have been studied. The acid values of three oils were found to be 12.78 mg KOH per g, 5.11 mg KOH per g and 11.99 mg KOH per g which required acid-esterification and alkali-transesterification process. Acid value was decreased by esterification process using sulfuric acid anhydrous (H2SO4) as a catalyst and alkaline (NaOH) catalyst transesterification was carried out for the conversion of crude oil to methyl esters. The optimal conditions of FAME yield achieved for those three biodiesel were 96.75%, 97.50% and 97.72% respectively. Furthermore, the fuel properties of J. curcas methyl ester (JCME), S. foetida methyl ester (SFME) and C. pentandra methyl ester (CPME) were determined and evaluated. As a result, those produced biodiesel matched and fulfilled ASTM 6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel standards. Based on the results, JCME, SFME and CPME are potential non-edible feedstock for biodiesel production.

251 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A cDNA library was constructed from developing seeds during the period of maximum oil deposition and a CPA-FA synthase was identified from S. foetida, and the pathway in higher plants that produce carbocyclic fatty acids was defined as by transfer of C1 units, most likely from S-adenosylmethionine to oleate.
Abstract: Fatty acids containing three-member carbocyclic rings are found in bacteria and plants. Bacteria synthesize cyclopropane fatty acids (CPA-FAs) only by the addition of a methylene group from S-adenosylmethionine to the cis-double bond of monoenoic phospholipid-bound fatty acids. In plants CPA-FAs are usually minor components with cyclopropene fatty acids (CPE-FAs) more abundant. Sterculia foetida seed oil contains 65–78% CPE-FAs, principally sterculic acid. To address carbocyclic fatty acid synthesis in plants, a cDNA library was constructed from developing seeds during the period of maximum oil deposition. About 0.4% of 5,300 expressed sequence tags were derived from one gene, which shared similarities to the bacterial CPA-FA synthase. However, the predicted protein is twice as large as the bacterial homolog and represents a fusion of an FAD-containing oxidase at the N terminus and a methyltransferase at the C terminus. Functional analysis of the isolated full-length cDNA was conducted in tobacco suspension cells where its expression resulted in the accumulation of up to 6.2% dihydrosterculate of total fatty acids. In addition, the dihydrosterculate was specifically labeled by [methyl-14C]methionine and by [14C]oleic acid in the transgenic tobacco cells. In in vitro assay of S. foetida seed extracts, S-adenosylmethionine served as a methylene donor for the synthesis of dihydrosterculate from oleate. Dihydrosterculate accumulated largely in phosphatidylcholine in both systems. Together, a CPA-FA synthase was identified from S. foetida, and the pathway in higher plants that produce carbocyclic fatty acids was defined as by transfer of C1 units, most likely from S-adenosylmethionine to oleate.

133 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Evidence was obtained that the mechanism of inhibition is the irreversible binding of enzyme sulfhydryl groups by the cyclopropene group and it was shown that the inhibition was affected by sterculic acid in vitro with rat liver preparations.
Abstract: Comparisons were made of the ratios of the specific activities of stearic acid to oleic acid in adipose tissue and liver triglycerides of rats given methyl stearate-1-14C dissolved in 0.25 ml of corn oil and Sterculia foetida oil. The ratios were about 3 in the corn oil control animals compared to 31 to 43 in adipose tissue and 44 to 246 in liver triglycerides of the S. foetida test animals. When the labeled stearate was administered in 0.5 ml of S. foetida oil almost no label appeared in tissue oleic acid. The inhibition was also shown to be affected by sterculic acid in vitro with rat liver preparations. Evidence was obtained that the mechanism of inhibition is the irreversible binding of enzyme sulfhydryl groups by the cyclopropene group.

125 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The physical and chemical properties of some potential non-edible feedstocks for biodiesel production are studied and 14 different properties have been determined and presented in this study.
Abstract: Recently, non-edible vegetable oils have been considered as prospective feedstocks for biodiesel production. This is mainly attributed to their ability to overcome the problems of food versus fuel crisis related to edible oils. Globally, there are more than 350 oil-bearing crops identified as potential sources for biodiesel production. The evaluation of the physical and chemical properties of non-edible feedstocks is very important to assess their viability for future biodiesel production. Therefore, this paper aims to study the properties of some potential non-edible feedstocks. Moreover, the paper studies the physical and chemical properties of these promising crops and compares them with other edible oils. These oils include: crude Calophyllum inophyllum L. (CCIO), Jatropha curcas L. (CJCO), Sterculia foetida L. (CSFO), Croton megalocarpus L. (CCMO), Moringa oleifera L. (CMOO), patchouli (CPO), coconut (CCO), palm (CPaO), canola (CCaO), soybean (CSO) and Pangim edule (CPEO) oils. 14 Different properties have been determined and presented in this study.

102 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Cyclopropenoids fatty acids (CPFA) from Sterculia striata seed oil were characterized by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and quantified by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) after derivation to fatty acid methyl esters using a cold base-catalyzed procedure. 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis were done in oil and fatty acid methyl esters derivatives to quantify CPFA and verify artifacts formation during the base-catalyzed reaction. Similar quantities of CPFA were found in S. striata and Sterculia foetida seed oils before and after a base-catalyzed methylation by NMR analysis, with no artifact formation. These results were compatible with those obtained by GC-FID analysis. Transmethylation with KOH in methanol was an appropriated method to prepare cyclopropenoids fatty acids methyl esters and quantify them by GC and NMR analysis.

100 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202112
20208
201914
20187
20177
201610