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Steroid hormone

About: Steroid hormone is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 6692 publications have been published within this topic receiving 337847 citations.


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Journal ArticleDOI
13 May 1988-Science
TL;DR: A superfamily of regulatory proteins that include receptors for thyroid hormone and the vertebrate morphogen retinoic acid is identified, suggesting mechanisms underlying morphogenesis and homeostasis may be more ubiquitous than previously expected.
Abstract: Analyses of steroid receptors are important for understanding molecular details of transcriptional control, as well as providing insight as to how an individual transacting factor contributes to cell identity and function. These studies have led to the identification of a superfamily of regulatory proteins that include receptors for thyroid hormone and the vertebrate morphogen retinoic acid. Although animals employ complex and often distinct ways to control their physiology and development, the discovery of receptor-related molecules in a wide range of species suggests that mechanisms underlying morphogenesis and homeostasis may be more ubiquitous than previously expected.

7,493 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
18 Oct 1990-Nature
TL;DR: A member of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors is cloned that is activated by a diverse class of rodent hepatocarcinogens that causes proliferation of peroxisomes.
Abstract: We have cloned a member of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors. The receptor homologue is activated by a diverse class of rodent hepatocarcinogens that causes proliferation of peroxisomes. Identification of a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor should help elucidate the mechanism of the hypolipidaemic effect of these hepatocarcinogens and aid evaluation of their potential carcinogenic risk to man.

3,370 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
24 Nov 1995-Science
TL;DR: Results indicate that SRC-1 encodes a coactivator that is required for full transcriptional activity of the steroid receptor superfamily.
Abstract: A yeast two-hybrid system was used to identify a protein that interacts with and enhances the human progesterone receptor (hPR) transcriptional activity without altering the basal activity of the promoter. Because the protein stimulated transactivation of all the steroid receptors tested, it has been termed steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1). Coexpression of SRC-1 reversed the ability of the estrogen receptor to squelch activation by hPR. Also, the amino terminal truncated form of SRC-1 acted as a dominant-negative repressor. Together, these results indicate that SRC-1 encodes a coactivator that is required for full transcriptional activity of the steroid receptor superfamily.

2,399 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
13 Oct 1995-Science
TL;DR: It is shown that glucocorticoids are potent inhibitors of nuclear factor kappa B activation in mice and cultured cells, mediated by induction of the IκBα inhibitory protein, which traps activated NF-κB in inactive cytoplasmic complexes.
Abstract: Glucocorticoids are among the most potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents. They inhibit synthesis of almost all known cytokines and of several cell surface molecules required for immune function, but the mechanism underlying this activity has been unclear. Here it is shown that glucocorticoids are potent inhibitors of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation in mice and cultured cells. This inhibition is mediated by induction of the IκBα inhibitory protein, which traps activated NF-κB in inactive cytoplasmic complexes. Because NF-κB activates many immunoregulatory genes in response to pro-inflammatory stimuli, the inhibition of its activity can be a major component of the anti-inflammatory activity of glucocorticoids.

2,287 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
23 May 1986-Science
TL;DR: Two metabolites of the steroid hormones progesterone and deoxycorticosterone are potent barbiturate-like ligands of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor-chloride ion channel complex and potentiated the inhibitory actions of GABA in cultured rat hippocampal and spinal cord neurons, which may explain the ability of certain steroid hormones to rapidly alter neuronal excitability.
Abstract: Two metabolites of the steroid hormones progesterone and deoxycorticosterone, 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-dihydroprogesterone and 3 alpha, 5 alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone, are potent barbiturate-like ligands of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor-chloride ion channel complex. At concentrations between 10(-7) and 10(-5)M both steroids inhibited binding of the convulsant t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate to the GABA-receptor complex and increased the binding of the benzodiazepine flunitrazepam; they also stimulated chloride uptake (as measured by uptake of 36Cl-) into isolated brain vesicles, and potentiated the inhibitory actions of GABA in cultured rat hippocampal and spinal cord neurons. These data may explain the ability of certain steroid hormones to rapidly alter neuronal excitability and may provide a mechanism for the anesthetic and hypnotic actions of naturally occurring and synthetic anesthetic steroids.

2,175 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202333
202247
2021109
2020137
2019113
2018111