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# Stress intensity factor

About: Stress intensity factor is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 28684 publications have been published within this topic receiving 566037 citations.

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Brown University

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, an integral is exhibited which has the same value for all paths surrounding a class of notches in two-dimensional deformation fields of linear or non-linear elastic materials.

Abstract: : An integral is exhibited which has the same value for all paths surrounding a class of notches in two-dimensional deformation fields of linear or non-linear elastic materials. The integral may be evaluated almost by inspection for a few notch configurations. Also, for materials of the elastic- plastic type (treated through a deformation rather than incremental formulation) , with a linear response to small stresses followed by non-linear yielding, the integral may be evaluated in terms of Irwin's stress intensity factor when yielding occurs on a scale small in comparison to notch size. On the other hand, the integral may be expressed in terms of the concentrated deformation field in the vicinity of the notch tip. This implies that some information on strain concentrations is obtainable without recourse to detailed non-linear analyses. Such an approach is exploited here. Applications are made to: Approximate estimates of strain concentrations at smooth ended notch tips in elastic and elastic-plastic materials, A general solution for crack tip separation in the Barenblatt-Dugdale crack model, leading to a proof of the identity of the Griffith theory and Barenblatt cohesive theory for elastic brittle fracture and to the inclusion of strain hardening behavior in the Dugdale model for plane stress yielding, and An approximate perfectly plastic plane strain analysis, based on the slip line theory, of contained plastic deformation at a crack tip and of crack blunting.

7,005 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a method of calculating the average internal stress in the matrix of a material containing inclusions with transformation strain is presented. But the authors do not consider the effects of the interaction among the inclusions and of the presence of the free boundary.

Abstract: Having noted an important role of image stress in work hardening of dispersion hardened materials, (1,3) the present paper discusses a method of calculating the average internal stress in the matrix of a material containing inclusions with transformation strain. It is shown that the average stress in the matrix is uniform throughout the material and independent of the position of the domain where the average treatment is carried out. It is also shown that the actual stress in the matrix is the average stress plus the locally fluctuating stress, the average of which vanishes in the matrix. Average elastic energy is also considered by taking into account the effects of the interaction among the inclusions and of the presence of the free boundary.

6,312 citations

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01 Jan 2000

TL;DR: The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook as mentioned in this paper provides a comprehensive, easy-to-access collection of elastic stress solutions for crack configurations, along with other relevant information, such as displacements, crack opening areas, basic stress functions source references, accuracy of solutions, and more.

Abstract: Nearly double the size of the previous edition, the third edition of this classic reference provides a comprehensive, easy-to-access collection of elastic stress solutions for crack configurations. For each configuration, The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook present crack tip stress intensity formulas along with other relevant information, such as displacements, crack opening areas, basic stress functions source references, accuracy of solutions, and more. Throughout, it stresses formulas for application to test configurations. The introductory section details the methods of developing the informatio A series of appendices represents special methods and special applications. Now in a hardbound format, the current Handbook offers a number of new features including: * Ne Stress Solutions * Cracked Configurations * Plates with Pinching Loads * Dislocations and Cracks Solutions * Plastic Zone Instability (Expanding a Potentially Interceding "Elastic" Failure Mechanism) * Estimation Methods for Stress Intensity Formulas * J-Integral Methods * Pure Shear Plasticity Solutions. The authors provide 30 new solution pages, plus modifications of older solutions. Contents Include: * Introductory Information Stress Analysis Results for Common Test Specimen Configurations with Cracks * Cracks Along a Single Line * Parallel Cracks * Cracks and Holes or Notches * Curved, Angled, Branched, or Radiating Cracks * Cracks in Reinforced Plates * Three-Dimensional Cracked Configurations * Crack(s) in a Rod or a Plate by Energy Rate Analysis * Strip Yield Model Solutions * Cracks(s) in a Shell * Appendices.

5,272 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the mixed mode cracking in layered materials and elaborates some of the basic results on the characterization of crack tip fields and on the specification of interface toughness, showing that cracks in brittle, isotropic, homogeneous materials propagate such that pure mode I conditions are maintained at the crack tip.

Abstract: Publisher Summary This chapter describes the mixed mode cracking in layered materials. There is ample experimental evidence that cracks in brittle, isotropic, homogeneous materials propagate such that pure mode I conditions are maintained at the crack tip. An unloaded crack subsequently subject to a combination of modes I and II will initiate growth by kinking in such a direction that the advancing tip is in mode I. The chapter also elaborates some of the basic results on the characterization of crack tip fields and on the specification of interface toughness. The competition between crack advance within the interface and kinking out of the interface depends on the relative toughness of the interface to that of the adjoining material. The interface stress intensity factors play precisely the same role as their counterparts in elastic fracture mechanics for homogeneous, isotropic solids. When an interface between a bimaterial system is actually a very thin layer of a third phase, the details of the cracking morphology in the thin interface layer can also play a role in determining the mixed mode toughness. The elasticity solutions for cracks in multilayers are also elaborated.

3,629 citations