About: Substituent is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 42877 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 516716 citation(s). The topic is also known as: side chain & side group.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Mar 1991-Chemical Reviews
TL;DR: The Hammett equation has been widely used for the study and interpretation of organic reactions and their mechanisms as mentioned in this paper, and it is astonishing that u constants, obtained simply from the ionization of organic acids in solution, can frequently predict successfully equilibrium and rate constants for a variety of families of reactions in solution.
Abstract: The Hammett equation (and its extended forms) has been one of the most widely used means for the study and interpretation of organic reactions and their mechanisms. Although the Hammett methodology has been criticized by theoreticians because of its empirical foundation, it is astonishing that u constants, obtained simply from the ionization of organic acids in solution, can frequently predict successfully equilibrium and rate constants for a variety of families of reactions in solution. Almost every kind of organic reaction has been treated via the Hammett equation, or its extended form. The literature is so voluminous and extensive that there is no complete review of all that has been accomplished. Hammett's success in treating the electronic effect of substituents on the rates and equilibria of organic reactions1P2 led Taft to apply the same principles to steric and inductive and resonance effects? Then, more recently, octanol/ water partition coefficients (P) have been used for rationalizing the hydrophobic effects of organic compounds interacting with biological systems? The use of log P (for whole molecules) or n (for substituents), when combined with electronic and steric parameters, has opened up whole new regions of biochemical and pharmacological reactions to study by the techniques of physical organic chemistry.sf3 The combination of electronic, steric, hydrophobic, hydrophilic, and hydrogen-bonding7 parameters has been used to derive quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) for a host of interactions of organic compounds with living systems or parts thereof. The binding of organic compounds to proteins,8 their interaction with enzymess and with cellsloJ1 and tiasues,12 their inhibition of organelles,l' and as antimalarial^'^
01 Jan 1979
TL;DR: In this paper, the book is the window to get in the world and you can open the world easily, and these wise words are really familiar with you, so bring home now the book enPDFd substituent constants for correlation analysis in chemistry and biology to be your sources when going to read.
Abstract: Bring home now the book enPDFd substituent constants for correlation analysis in chemistry and biology to be your sources when going to read. It can be your new collection to not only display in your racks but also be the one that can help you fining the best sources. As in common, book is the window to get in the world and you can open the world easily. These wise words are really familiar with you, isn't it?
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