Topic

# Superdense coding

About: Superdense coding is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1457 publications have been published within this topic receiving 51990 citations. The topic is also known as: quantum superdense coding.

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors demonstrated the feasibility of quantum teleportation over arbitrary distances of the state of a quantum system by using a measurement such that the second photon of the entangled pair acquires the polarization of the initial photon.

Abstract: Quantum teleportation — the transmission and reconstruction over arbitrary distances of the state of a quantum system — is demonstrated experimentally. During teleportation, an initial photon which carries the polarization that is to be transferred and one of a pair of entangled photons are subjected to a measurement such that the second photon of the entangled pair acquires the polarization of the initial photon. This latter photon can be arbitrarily far away from the initial one. Quantum teleportation will be a critical ingredient for quantum computation networks.

4,232 citations

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TL;DR: The first realization of unconditional quantum teleportation where every state entering the device is actually teleported is realized, using squeezed-state entanglement.

Abstract: Quantum teleportation of optical coherent states was demonstrated experimentally using squeezed-state entanglement. The quantum nature of the achieved teleportation was verified by the experimentally determined fidelity Fexp = 0.58 +/- 0.02, which describes the match between input and output states. A fidelity greater than 0.5 is not possible for coherent states without the use of entanglement. This is the first realization of unconditional quantum teleportation where every state entering the device is actually teleported.

2,345 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a protocol for teleportation of a single mode of the electromagnetic field with high fidelity using squeezed-state entanglement and current experimental capability is presented, including the roles of finite quantum correlation and nonideal detection efficiency.

Abstract: Quantum teleportation is analyzed for states of dynamical variables with continuous spectra, in contrast to previous work with discrete (spin) variables. The entanglement fidelity of the scheme is computed, including the roles of finite quantum correlation and nonideal detection efficiency. A protocol is presented for teleporting the wave function of a single mode of the electromagnetic field with high fidelity using squeezed-state entanglement and current experimental capability.

1,351 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a quantum optical experimental implementation of teleportation of unknown pure quantum states was reported, which realizes all of the nonlocal aspects of the original scheme proposed by Bennett et al. and is equivalent to it up to a local operation.

Abstract: We report on a quantum optical experimental implementation of teleportation of unknown pure quantum states. This realizes all of the nonlocal aspects of the original scheme proposed by Bennett et al. and is equivalent to it up to a local operation. We exhibit results for the teleportation of a linearly polarized state and of an elliptically polarized state. We show that the experimental results cannot be explained in terms of a classical channel alone. The Bell measurement in our experiment can distinguish between all four Bell states simultaneously allowing, in the ideal case, a 100% success rate of teleportation. [S0031-9007(97)05275-7]

1,289 citations

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TL;DR: Deterministic quantum-state teleportation between a pair of trapped calcium ions is reported, demonstrating unequivocally the quantum nature of the process.

Abstract: Teleportation of a quantum state encompasses the complete transfer of information from one particle to another. The complete specification of the quantum state of a system generally requires an infinite amount of information, even for simple two-level systems (qubits). Moreover, the principles of quantum mechanics dictate that any measurement on a system immediately alters its state, while yielding at most one bit of information. The transfer of a state from one system to another (by performing measurements on the first and operations on the second) might therefore appear impossible. However, it has been shown that the entangling properties of quantum mechanics, in combination with classical communication, allow quantum-state teleportation to be performed. Teleportation using pairs of entangled photons has been demonstrated, but such techniques are probabilistic, requiring post-selection of measured photons. Here, we report deterministic quantum-state teleportation between a pair of trapped calcium ions. Following closely the original proposal, we create a highly entangled pair of ions and perform a complete Bell-state measurement involving one ion from this pair and a third source ion. State reconstruction conditioned on this measurement is then performed on the other half of the entangled pair. The measured fidelity is 75%, demonstrating unequivocally the quantum nature of the process.

983 citations