Topic

# Superpotential

About: Superpotential is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3836 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 137867 citation(s).

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors review the theoretical formulation of supersymmetric quantum mechanics and discuss many applications, including shape invariance and operator transformations, and show that a supersymmetry inspired WKB approximation is exact for a class of shape invariant potentials.

Abstract: In the past ten years, the ideas of supersymmetry have been profitably applied to many nonrelativistic quantum mechanical problems. In particular, there is now a much deeper understanding of why certain potentials are analytically solvable and an array of powerful new approximation methods for handling potentials which are not exactly solvable. In this report, we review the theoretical formulation of supersymmetric quantum mechanics and discuss many applications. Exactly solvable potentials can be understood in terms of a few basic ideas which include supersymmetric partner potentials, shape invariance and operator transformations. Familiar solvable potentials all have the property of shape invariance. We describe new exactly solvable shape invariant potentials which include the recently discovered self-similar potentials as a special case. The connection between inverse scattering, isospectral potentials and supersymmetric quantum mechanics is discussed and multisoliton solutions of the KdV equation are constructed. Approximation methods are also discussed within the framework of supersymmetric quantum mechanics and in particular it is shown that a supersymmetry inspired WKB approximation is exact for a class of shape invariant potentials. Supersymmetry ideas give particularly nice results for the tunneling rate in a double well potential and for improving large N expansions. We also discuss the problem of a charged Dirac particle in an external magnetic field and other potentials in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Finally, we discuss structures more general than supersymmetric quantum mechanics such as parasupersymmetric quantum mechanics in which there is a symmetry between a boson and a para-fermion of order p.

2,490 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors consider F/M/Type IIA theory compactified to four, three, or two dimensions on a Calabi-Yau fourfold, and study the behavior near an isolated singularity in the presence of appropriate fluxes and branes.

Abstract: We consider F/M/Type IIA theory compactified to four, three, or two dimensions on a Calabi–Yau four-fold, and study the behavior near an isolated singularity in the presence of appropriate fluxes and branes. We analyze the vacuum and soliton structure of these models, and show that near an isolated singularity, one often generates massless chiral superfields and a superpotential, and in many instances in two or three dimensions one obtains nontrivial superconformal field theories. In the case of two dimensions, we identify some of these theories with certain Kazama–Suzuki coset models, such as the N =2 minimal models.

1,468 citations

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01 Jan 2003

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors proved mirror symmetry for supersymmetric sigma models on Calabi-Yau manifolds in 1+1 dimensions and showed that the equivalence of the gauged linear sigma model embedded in a theory with an enlarged gauge symmetry, with a Landau-Ginzburg theory of Toda type Standard R -> 1/R duality and dynamical generation of superpotential by vortices.

Abstract: We prove mirror symmetry for supersymmetric sigma models on Kahler manifolds in 1+1 dimensions The proof involves establishing the equivalence of the gauged linear sigma model, embedded in a theory with an enlarged gauge symmetry, with a Landau-Ginzburg theory of Toda type Standard R -> 1/R duality and dynamical generation of superpotential by vortices are crucial in the derivation This provides not only a proof of mirror symmetry in the case of (local and global) Calabi-Yau manifolds, but also for sigma models on manifolds with positive first Chern class, including deformations of the action by holomorphic isometries

1,429 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigate the embedding of brane inflation into stable compactifications of string theory and conclude that brane inflaton can only work if restrictive assumptions about the method of volume stabilization, the warping of the internal space, and the source of inflationary energy are satisfied.

Abstract: We investigate the embedding of brane inflation into stable compactifications of string theory. At first sight a warped compactification geometry seems to produce a naturally flat inflaton potential, evading one well known difficulty of brane?antibrane scenarios. Careful consideration of the closed string moduli reveals a further obstacle: superpotential stabilization of the compactification volume typically modifies the inflaton potential and renders it too steep for inflation. We discuss the non-generic conditions under which this problem does not arise. We conclude that brane inflation models can only work if restrictive assumptions about the method of volume stabilization, the warping of the internal space, and the source of inflationary energy are satisfied. We argue that this may not be a real problem, given the large range of available fluxes and background geometries in string theory.

1,375 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the properties of chiral operators in N = 2 superconformal theories were investigated under a one-parameter family of twists generated by the U(1) current.

Abstract: We investigate the properties of chiral operators in N = 2 superconformal theories. In particular, we study the spectral flow of such models under a one-parameter family of twists generated by the U(1) current, and use this to deduce various properties of the ring of chiral primary fields. We furthermore investigate under what conditions a given superconformal theory can be represented as the fixed point of an N = 2 Landau-Ginzburg theory and show how to determine the superpotential. We also investigate the coset models of Kazama and Suzuki and find a simple cohomological characterization for the elements of the chiral primary ring. Moreover we show how some of them can be represented as LG models.

954 citations