Topic

# Symmetric tensor

About: Symmetric tensor is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 3389 publications have been published within this topic receiving 92383 citations.

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TL;DR: This survey provides an overview of higher-order tensor decompositions, their applications, and available software.

Abstract: This survey provides an overview of higher-order tensor decompositions, their applications, and available software. A tensor is a multidimensional or $N$-way array. Decompositions of higher-order tensors (i.e., $N$-way arrays with $N \geq 3$) have applications in psycho-metrics, chemometrics, signal processing, numerical linear algebra, computer vision, numerical analysis, data mining, neuroscience, graph analysis, and elsewhere. Two particular tensor decompositions can be considered to be higher-order extensions of the matrix singular value decomposition: CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) decomposes a tensor as a sum of rank-one tensors, and the Tucker decomposition is a higher-order form of principal component analysis. There are many other tensor decompositions, including INDSCAL, PARAFAC2, CANDELINC, DEDICOM, and PARATUCK2 as well as nonnegative variants of all of the above. The N-way Toolbox, Tensor Toolbox, and Multilinear Engine are examples of software packages for working with tensors.

9,227 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the boundary stress tensor associated with a gravitating system in asymptotically anti-de Sitter space is computed, and the conformal anomalies in two and four dimensions are recovered.

Abstract: We propose a procedure for computing the boundary stress tensor associated with a gravitating system in asymptotically anti-de Sitter space. Our definition is free of ambiguities encountered by previous attempts, and correctly reproduces the masses and angular momenta of various spacetimes. Via the AdS/CFT correspondence, our classical result is interpretable as the expectation value of the stress tensor in a quantum conformal field theory. We demonstrate that the conformal anomalies in two and four dimensions are recovered. The two dimensional stress tensor transforms with a Schwarzian derivative and the expected central charge. We also find a nonzero ground state energy for global AdS5, and show that it exactly matches the Casimir energy of the dual super Yang–Mills theory on S
3×R.

2,433 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that eigenvalues are roots of a one-dimensional polynomial, and when the order of the tensor is even, E-eigenvaluesare roots of another one- dimensional polynomials associated with the symmetric hyperdeterminant.

Abstract: In this paper, we define the symmetric hyperdeterminant, eigenvalues and E-eigenvalues of a real supersymmetric tensor. We show that eigenvalues are roots of a one-dimensional polynomial, and when the order of the tensor is even, E-eigenvalues are roots of another one-dimensional polynomial. These two one-dimensional polynomials are associated with the symmetric hyperdeterminant. We call them the characteristic polynomial and the E-characteristic polynomial of that supersymmetric tensor. Real eigenvalues (E-eigenvalues) with real eigenvectors (E-eigenvectors) are called H-eigenvalues (Z-eigenvalues). When the order of the supersymmetric tensor is even, H-eigenvalues (Z-eigenvalues) exist and the supersymmetric tensor is positive definite if and only if all of its H-eigenvalues (Z-eigenvalues) are positive. An mth-order n-dimensional supersymmetric tensor where m is even has exactly n(m-1)^n^-^1 eigenvalues, and the number of its E-eigenvalues is strictly less than n(m-1)^n^-^1 when m>=4. We show that the product of all the eigenvalues is equal to the value of the symmetric hyperdeterminant, while the sum of all the eigenvalues is equal to the sum of the diagonal elements of that supersymmetric tensor, multiplied by (m-1)^n^-^1. The n(m-1)^n^-^1 eigenvalues are distributed in n disks in C. The centers and radii of these n disks are the diagonal elements, and the sums of the absolute values of the corresponding off-diagonal elements, of that supersymmetric tensor. On the other hand, E-eigenvalues are invariant under orthogonal transformations.

1,378 citations

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TL;DR: A broad survey of models and efficient algorithms for nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) can be found in this paper, where the authors focus on the algorithms that are most useful in practice, looking at the fastest, most robust, and suitable for large-scale models.

Abstract: This book provides a broad survey of models and efficient algorithms for Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF). This includes NMFs various extensions and modifications, especially Nonnegative Tensor Factorizations (NTF) and Nonnegative Tucker Decompositions (NTD). NMF/NTF and their extensions are increasingly used as tools in signal and image processing, and data analysis, having garnered interest due to their capability to provide new insights and relevant information about the complex latent relationships in experimental data sets. It is suggested that NMF can provide meaningful components with physical interpretations; for example, in bioinformatics, NMF and its extensions have been successfully applied to gene expression, sequence analysis, the functional characterization of genes, clustering and text mining. As such, the authors focus on the algorithms that are most useful in practice, looking at the fastest, most robust, and suitable for large-scale models. Key features: Acts as a single source reference guide to NMF, collating information that is widely dispersed in current literature, including the authors own recently developed techniques in the subject area. Uses generalized cost functions such as Bregman, Alpha and Beta divergences, to present practical implementations of several types of robust algorithms, in particular Multiplicative, Alternating Least Squares, Projected Gradient and Quasi Newton algorithms. Provides a comparative analysis of the different methods in order to identify approximation error and complexity. Includes pseudo codes and optimized MATLAB source codes for almost all algorithms presented in the book. The increasing interest in nonnegative matrix and tensor factorizations, as well as decompositions and sparse representation of data, will ensure that this book is essential reading for engineers, scientists, researchers, industry practitioners and graduate students across signal and image processing; neuroscience; data mining and data analysis; computer science; bioinformatics; speech processing; biomedical engineering; and multimedia.

1,142 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that the matrix elements of the symmetric energy-momentum tensor are cut-off dependent in renormalized perturbation theory for most renormalizable field theories.

Abstract: We show that the matrix elements of the conventional symmetric energy-momentum tensor are cut-off dependent in renormalized perturbation theory for most renormalizable field theories. However, we argue that, for any renormalizable field theory, it is possible to construct a new energy-momentum tensor, such that the new tensor defines the same four-momentum and Lorentz generators as the conventional tensor, and, further, has finite matrix elements in every order of renormalized perturbation theory. (“Finite” means independent of the cut-off in the limit of large cut-off.) We explicitly construct this tensor in the most general case. The new tensor is an improvement over the old for another reason: the currents associated with scale transformations and conformal transformations have very simple expressions in terms of the new tensor, rather than the very complicated ones they have in terms of the old. We also show how to alter general relativity in such a way that the new tensor becomes the source of the gravitational field, and demonstrate that the new gravitation theory obtained in this way meets all the epxerimental tests that have been applied to general relativity.

1,002 citations