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System of measurement

About: System of measurement is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 6486 publications have been published within this topic receiving 39751 citations. The topic is also known as: measurement system & system of weights and measures.


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Book
06 Feb 1991
TL;DR: In this article, Figliola and Beasley first discuss the basics of measurement, analogue and digital data acquisition systems and signal processing, the statistics of measurement and the analysis of error and uncertainty.
Abstract: The assignment of numerical values to physical quantities underlies all quantitative statements in engineering and the physical sciences. This assignment is achieved by the process of measurement. The physical quantity being measured and the precision required in the numerical value determines the instrumentation to be used. The design of a measurement system therefore involves the analysis of the attribute to be measured, the means available for its detection and the verification that the measurement system performs as intended and can achieve the desired accuracy and precision. In this book Figliola and Beasley first discuss in general terms the basics of measurement, analogue and digital data acquisition systems and signal processing, the statistics of measurement and the analysis of error and uncertainty. In successive chapters they concentrate on the instruments and their physical basis in the areas of electricity, temperature, fluid flow, elastic strain and mechanics (displacement, motion, force and power). The coverage is directed towards measurements in various branches of engineering, with numerous worked examples and problems for students (approximately 30 to 40) at the end of each chapter. Since it is an American engineering text, the book uses both SI and English units. Unfortunately, the text is flawed by numerous errors. Some of the more egregious are that in chapter 1, `dimension' is used in place of `unit', the definitions given for the ampere and the ohm are in terms of `international' units that were abandoned in 1948 and derived units are expressed, for example, as `' in place of the standard forms (SI, ISO, ANSI) of `' or `'. There are furthermore numerous minor numerical errors and inconsistencies. One of the more serious flaws is the failure to distinguish between bias errors and uncertainty due to bias in the discussion of chapter 5. There is also a misuse of the student in the evaluation of uncertainty (although this error is not exclusively Figliola and Beasley's, since it occurs in ANSI documents on fluid flow measurement). Given the estimate for variance, with degrees of freedom, an uncertainty interval at confidence level p is properly , while the uncertainty for a combined quantity is where is evaluated from the Welch - Satterthwaite expression In spite of its shortcomings, the book collects a great deal of material in one place and, in the hands of a careful instructor who is aware of its flaws, could be useful as a supplementary text on measurement. E Richard Cohen

913 citations

Book
01 Jan 1966
TL;DR: This paper aims to provide a history of ecoulement and mesures used in this discipline over a 25-year period and aims to establish a chronology of events leading up to and including the invention of EMT.
Abstract: Part 1 General Concepts 1 Types of Applications of Measurement Instrumentation 2 Generalized Configurations and Functional Descriptions of Measuring Instruments 3 Generalized Performance Characteristics of Instruments Part 2 Measuring Devices 4 Motion and Dimensional Measurement 5 Force, Torque, and Shaft Power Measurement 6 Pressure and Sound Measurement 7 Flow Measurement 8 Temperature and Heat-Flux Measurement 9 Miscellaneous Measurements Part 3 Manipulation, Transmission, and Recording of Data 10 Manipulating, Computing, and Compensating Devices 11 Data Transmission and Instrument Connectivity 12 Voltage-Indicating and -Recording Devices 13 Data-Acquisition Systems for Personal Computers 14 Measurement Systems Applied to Micro- and Nanotechnology

913 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a comprehensive survey of the state of the measurement systems and should help a designer to find the parameters required to achieve a specified accuracy or uncertainty of measurement.
Abstract: Wireless measurement systems with passive surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors offer new and exciting perspectives for remote monitoring and control of moving parts, even in harsh environments. This review paper gives a comprehensive survey of the present state of the measurement systems and should help a designer to find the parameters required to achieve a specified accuracy or uncertainty of measurement. Delay lines and resonators have been used, and two principles have been employed: SAW one-port devices that are directly affected by the measurand and SAW two-port devices that are electrically loaded by a conventional sensor and, therefore, indirectly affected by the measurand. For radio frequency (RF) interrogation, time domain sampling (TDS) and frequency domain sampling (FDS) have been investigated theoretically and experimentally; the methods of measurement are described. For an evaluation of the effects caused by the radio interrogation, we discuss the errors caused by noise, interference, bandwidth, manufacturing, and hardware tuning. The system parameters, distance range, and measurement uncertainty are given numerically for actual applications. Combinations of SAW sensors and special signal processing techniques to enhance accuracy, dynamic range, read out distance, and measurement repetition rate (measurement bandwidth) are presented. In conclusion, an overview of SAW sensor applications is given.

391 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
07 Nov 2002
TL;DR: In this article, the authors provide a tutorial introduction to phasor measurement units (PMU) when applied in a power system environment, provide an overview of communication alternatives for wide area measurement systems (WAMS), and compute the delay budget for each type of communication link.
Abstract: This paper provides a tutorial introduction to phasor measurement units (PMU) when applied in a power system environment, provides an overview of communication alternatives for wide area measurement systems (WAMS), and computes the delay budget for each type of communication link. The goal of this study is to provide data regarding the communication delay that can be incorporated into the analysis and simulation of WAMS.

349 citations

Book
01 Jan 1983
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present general principles of measurement systems, including reliability, choice and economics of measurement system elements, as well as the accuracy and reliability of the measurement system in the steady state.
Abstract: Part I: General Principles 1. The general measurement system. 2. Static characteristics of measurement system elements. 3. The accuracy of measurement systems in the steady state. 4. Dynamic characteristics of measurement systems. 5. Loading effects and two port networks. 6. Signals and noise in measurement systems. 7. Reliability, choice and economics of measurement systems. Part II: Typical Measurement System elements. 8. Sensing elements. 9. Signal conditioning elements. 10. Signal processing elements. 11. Data presentation elements. Part III: Speciaised Measurement Systems 12. Flow measurement systems. 13. Intrinsically safe measurement systems. 14. Heat transfer effects in measurement systems. 15. Optical measurement systems. 16. Ultrasonic measurement systems. 17. Gas chromatography. 18. Data acquisition. Answers to numerical problems. Index.

347 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023113
2022269
2021190
2020336
2019374
2018388