About: Taeniasis is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 943 publications have been published within this topic receiving 19193 citations. The topic is also known as: Taenia saginata infectious disease & Beef tapeworm infection.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Clinical manifestations vary because of the variable number, size, and location of the cysts and the immune response of the host.
Abstract: The larval stage of the pork tapeworm (Taenia solium) infects the human nervous system, causing neurocysticercosis. This disease is one of the main causes of epileptic seizures in many less developed countries and is also increasingly seen in more developed countries because of immigration from endemic areas. Little information is available on the natural evolution of taeniasis or cysticercosis. Available therapeutic measures include steroids, treatments for symptoms, surgery, and, more controversially, antiparasitic drugs to kill brain parasites. Efforts to control and eliminate this disease are underway through antiparasitic treatment of endemic populations, development of pig vaccines, and other measures.
Cayetano Heredia University1, University of Cambridge2, Imperial College London3, National Institutes of Health4, University of São Paulo5, Baylor College of Medicine6, Christian Medical College & Hospital7, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention8, University of Salford9, National Autonomous University of Mexico10, National University of San Marcos11, Johns Hopkins University12
TL;DR: Overall, four general recommendations were made: individualize therapeutic decisions, including whether to use antiparasitic drugs, based on the number, location, and viability of the parasites within the nervous system.
Abstract: Taenia solium neurocysticercosis is a common cause of epileptic seizures and other neurological morbidity in most developing countries. It is also an increasingly common diagnosis in industrialized countries because of immigration from areas where it is endemic. Its clinical manifestations are highly variable and depend on the number, stage, and size of the lesions and the host's immune response. In part due to this variability, major discrepancies exist in the treatment of neurocysticercosis. A panel of experts in taeniasis/cysticercosis discussed the evidence on treatment of neurocysticercosis for each clinical presentation, and we present the panel's consensus and areas of disagreement. Overall, four general recommendations were made: (i) individualize therapeutic decisions, including whether to use antiparasitic drugs, based on the number, location, and viability of the parasites within the nervous system; (ii) actively manage growing cysticerci either with antiparasitic drugs or surgical excision; (iii) prioritize the management of intracranial hypertension secondary to neurocysticercosis before considering any other form of therapy; and (iv) manage seizures as done for seizures due to other causes of secondary seizures (remote symptomatic seizures) because they are due to an organic focus that has been present for a long time.
TL;DR: The larval stage of the pork tapeworm infects the human nervous system, causing neurocysticercosis, one of the main causes of epileptic seizures in many less developed countries and also increasingly seen in more developed countries because of immigration from endemic areas.
Abstract: Cysticercosis, the infection of the larval tissue stage of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, is endemic to most developing countries and increasingly is seen in industrialized countries because of immigration. Human infection is a major cause of acquired epilepsy, and porcine infection causes important economic losses to farm workers. Clinical manifestations vary because of the variable number, size, and location of the cysts and the immune response of the host. Diagnosis is based on imaging techniques (CT and MR imaging) and serology (immunoblot). Current research efforts are centered on control and eradication of the taeniasis cysticercosis complex in endemic areas.
TL;DR: The first step required to solve the problem of neurocysticercosis is to implement appropriate surveillance mechanisms under the responsibility of ministries of health, and compulsory notification has the major advantage of providing accurate quantification of the incidence and prevalence at regional level, thus permitting the rational use of resources in eradication campaigns.
Abstract: Neurocysticercosis is an infection of the nervous system caused by Taenia solium. It is the most important human parasitic neurological disease and a common cause of epilepsy in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, representing enormous costs for anticonvulsants, medical resources and lost production. Neurocysticercosis is a human-to-human infection, acquired by the faecal-enteric route from carriers of intestinal T. solium, most often in areas with deficient sanitation. Intestinal tapeworms cause few symptoms, but adult taeniae carried by humans release large numbers of infective eggs and are extremely contagious. Ingestion of poorly cooked pig meat infested with T. solium larvae results in intestinal taeniosis but not neurocysticercosis. With a view to hastening the control of taeniosis and neurocysticercosis we propose that neurocysticercosis be declared an international reportable disease. New cases of neurocysticercosis should be reported by physicians or hospital administrators to their health ministries. An epidemiological intervention could then be launched to interrupt the chain of transmission by: (1) searching for, treating and reporting the sources of contagion, i.e. human carriers of tapeworms; (2) identifying and treating other exposed contacts; (3) providing health education on parasite transmission and improvement of hygiene and sanitary conditions; and (4) enforcing meat inspection policies and limiting the animal reservoir by treatment of pigs. We believe that the first step required to solve the problem of neurocysticercosis is to implement appropriate surveillance mechanisms under the responsibility of ministries of health. Compulsory notification also has the major advantage of providing accurate quantification of the incidence and prevalence of neurocysticercosis at regional level, thus permitting the rational use of resources in eradication campaigns.
01 Jan 1961
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