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Teaching method

About: Teaching method is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 108048 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 2291751 citation(s). The topic is also known as: educational method. more


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3102/0013189X018001032
Abstract: Many teaching practices implicitly assume that conceptual knowledge can be abstracted from the situations in which it is learned and used. This article argues that this assumption inevitably limits the effectiveness of such practices. Drawing on recent research into cognition as it is manifest in everyday activity, the authors argue that knowledge is situated, being in part a product of the activity, context, and culture in which it is developed and used. They discuss how this view of knowledge affects our understanding of learning, and they note that conventional schooling too often ignores the influence of school culture on what is learned in school. As an alternative to conventional practices, they propose cognitive apprenticeship (Collins, Brown, & Newman, in press), which honors the situated nature of knowledge. They examine two examples of mathematics instruction that exhibit certain key features of this approach to teaching. more

  • Table 1
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  • Figure 1. The Magic Square Problem (from Schoenfeld, in press).
    Figure 1. The Magic Square Problem (from Schoenfeld, in press).
Topics: Situated cognition (63%), Situated learning (59%), Cognitive apprenticeship (59%) more

13,525 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1207/S1532690XCI0102_1
Abstract: Two instructional studies directed at the comprehension-fostering and comprehension-monitoring activities of seventh grade poor comprehenders are reported. The four study activities were summarizing (self-review), questioning, clarifying, and predicting. The training method was that of reciprocal teaching, where the tutor and students took turns leading a dialogue centered on pertinent features of the text. In Study 1, a comparison between the reciprocal teaching method and a second intervention modeled on typical classroom practice resulted in greater gains and maintenance over time for the reciprocal procedure. Reciprocal teaching, with an adult model guiding the student to interact with the text in more sophisticated ways, led to a significant improvement in the quality of the summaries and questions. It also led to sizable gains on criterion tests of comprehension, reliable maintenance over time, generalization to classroom comprehension tests, transfer to novel tasks that tapped the trained skills of... more

Topics: Reciprocal teaching (76%), Comprehension (54%), Learning by teaching (53%) more

4,955 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.3102/00028312032003465
Abstract: In the midst of discussions about improving education, teacher education, equity, and diversity, little has been done to make pedagogy a central area of investigation. This article attempts to challenge notions about the intersection of culture and teaching that rely solely on microanalytic or macroanalytic perspectives. Rather, the article attempts to build on the work done in both of these areas and proposes a culturally relevant theory of education. By raising questions about the location of the researcher in pedagogical research, the article attempts to explicate the theoretical framework of the author in the nexus of collaborative and reflexive research. The pedagogical practices of eight exemplary teachers of African-American students serve as the investigative “site.” Their practices and reflections on those practices provide a way to define and recognize culturally relevant pedagogy. more

Topics: Culturally relevant teaching (65%), Education theory (56%), Teacher education (52%) more

4,689 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.5840/THINKING19888129
Abstract: : Even today, many complex and important skills, such as those required for language use and social interaction, are learned informally through apprenticeshiplike methods -- i.e., methods involving not didactic teaching, but observation, coaching, and successive approximation while carrying out a variety of tasks and activities. The differences between formal schooling and apprenticeship methods are many, but for our purposes, one is most important. Perhaps as a by-product of the specialization of learning in schools, skills and knowledge taught in schools have become abstracted from their uses in the world. In apprenticeship learning, on the other hand, target skills are not only continually in use by skilled practitioners, but are instrumental to the accomplishment of meaningful tasks. Said differently, apprenticeship embeds the learning of skills and knowledge in the social and functional context of their use. This difference is not academic, but has serious implications for the nature of the knowledge that students acquire. This paper attempts to elucidate some of those implications through a proposal for the retooling of apprenticeship methods for the teaching and learning of cognitive skills. Specifically, we propose the development of a new cognitive apprenticeship to teach students the thinking and problem-solving skills involved in school subjects such as reading, writing and mathematics. more

Topics: Cognitive apprenticeship (67%), Apprenticeship learning (63%), Apprenticeship (61%) more

4,483 Citations

Open accessBook
13 Dec 1991-
Abstract: This bestselling book is a unique introduction to the practice of university teaching and its underlying theory. This new edition has been fully revised and updated in view of the extensive changes which have taken place in higher education over the last decade and includes new material on the higher education context, evaluation and staff development.The first part of the book provides an outline of the experience of teaching and learning from the student's point of view, out of which grows a set of prinicples for effective teaching in higher education. Part two shows how these ideas can enhance educational standards, looking in particular at four key areas facing every teacher in higher education:* Organising the content of undergraduate courses* Selecting teaching methods* Assessing student learning* Evaluating the effectivenesss of teaching.Case studies of exemplary teaching are used throughout to connect ideas to practice and to illustrate how to ensure better student learning. The final part of the book looks in more detail at appraisal, performance indicators, accountability and educational development and training. The book is essential reading for new and experienced lecturers, particularly those following formal programmes in university teaching, such as courses leading to ILT accreditation. more

Topics: Teaching and learning center (62%), Open learning (61%), Chemistry education (61%) more

4,428 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Steve Graham

58 papers, 6.8K citations

Karen R. Harris

23 papers, 2K citations

Michael Pressley

20 papers, 3.9K citations

Douglas Fisher

20 papers, 650 citations

Ingo Eilks

19 papers, 542 citations

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