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Terracotta

About: Terracotta is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 732 publications have been published within this topic receiving 4412 citations. The topic is also known as: terra cotta & fired clay.


Papers
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27 Jun 2013
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe how some innovative methodologies have been designed and employed to support the restoration of the Madonna of Pietranico, a terracotta statue severely damaged in the 2009 earthquake.
Abstract: Abstract This paper describes how some innovative methodologies have been designed and employed to support the restoration of the Madonna of Pietranico, a terracotta statue severely damaged in the 2009 earthquake. The statue, fragmented in many pieces, has undergone a complex restoration performed by a multidisciplinary working group. The contribution of digital technologies was planned from the very beginning, since the complexity of this restoration originated the design of innovative procedures for managing the reassembly and restoration process. The Madonna test bed was therefore an example of how technology innovation could be pushed by clear application needs. A first important contribution was the study of the recombination hypothesis of the fragments. This initial phase was performed on digitized 3D models of the statue fragments, with the aim of reducing fragments manipulation, preventing further damages and increasing the capabilities to rehearse and evaluate different reassembly options. The accuracy of the 3D scanned models and the new recombination procedure introduced in this paper allowed to manage this phase in the digital domain with successful results. The digital 3D models were also used to design and produce an innovative supporting structure, constructed with a rapid prototyping device. Another important contribution concerned the study and virtual restoration of the polychrome decoration of the statue; our aim was to reproduce and restore in the virtual 3D domain the very complex original polychrome decoration, on the base of the remaining traces. Consequently, new virtual painting functionalities have been designed on the MeshLab platform (an open-source tool for 3D models visualization and manipulation) for reproducing pictorial decorations over digital 3D models and have been assessed on this specific test bed. This allowed us also to investigate the complexity of the virtual repainting process and to identify further technology enhancements. Finally, computer graphics technologies have been also used to produce a video that tells the story of the restoration.

101 citations

Dissertation
01 Nov 2012
TL;DR: The authors examined the versatility of terracotta within the artistic economy of Italian Renaissance sculpture as well as its distinct mimetic qualities and expressive capacities, and cast new light on the historical conditions surrounding the development of the Lamentation tableau and repositions this particular genre of sculpture as a significant form of figurative sculpture.
Abstract: Polychrome terracotta tableau sculpture is one of the most unique genres of 15thcentury Italian Renaissance sculpture. In particular, Lamentation tableaux by Niccolò dell’Arca and Guido Mazzoni, with their intense sense of realism and expressive pathos, are among the most potent representatives of the Renaissance fascination with life-like imagery and its use as a powerful means of conveying psychologically and emotionally moving narratives. This dissertation examines the versatility of terracotta within the artistic economy of Italian Renaissance sculpture as well as its distinct mimetic qualities and expressive capacities. It casts new light on the historical conditions surrounding the development of the Lamentation tableau and repositions this particular genre of sculpture as a significant form of figurative sculpture, rather than simply an artifact of popular culture. In terms of historical context, this dissertation explores overlooked links between the theme of the Lamentation, the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem, codes of chivalric honor and piety, and resurgent crusade rhetoric spurred by the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Reconnected to its religious and political history rooted in medieval forms of Sepulchre devotion, the terracotta Lamentation tableau emerges as a key monument that both

100 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the field of ancient manufacture and commerce, M. I. Finley has called for a more sophisticated effort to approach quantification and pattern-construction, and other historians too are well aware of what needs to be done.
Abstract: It should be plain that important progress is to be made in the economic and social history of the Greco-Roman world through more systematic studies of the material remains. In the field of ancient manufacture and commerce, M. I. Finley has called for ‘a more sophisticated effort to approach quantification and pattern-construction’, and other historians too are well aware of what needs to be done. Doing it, however, can be difficult, for such projects, if approached with a scholarly desire for precision, bristle with complications, and the results can often be no more than tentative. Such is the case with this study of the terracotta lamp industry. For their part, the archaeologists who have studied groups of terracotta lamps, whether from particular sites or particular museums, have not altogether succeeded in fitting the material into the known framework of Roman life (this is not to suggest a primacy of written over material sources, simply that both are indispensable in economic history).

76 citations

MonographDOI
01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: Kozlowski and Aurenche as discussed by the authors have accumulated a wealth of data on the Neolithic cultures of the Near East which is used to investigate the presence and location of bounded territories before and after the year 8000 cal BC.
Abstract: In this volume, Kozlowski and Aurenche have accumulated a wealth of data on the Neolithic cultures of the Near East which is used to investigate the presence and location of bounded territories before and after the year 8000 cal BC. The distribution of more than 165 different elements (including pottery, lithics, stone, bone and terracotta objects, figurines, engraved and decorated objects) are plotted on maps (which take up two thirds of the volume) and, combined with geographical, topographical and hydrological data, are used to suggest where territories and territorial divisions between different cultures might have lain. Described as a series of hypotheses that require verification ad explanation, this study brings together much evidence for future research.

75 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202351
2022133
202127
202024
201927
201830