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Thermal diffusivity

About: Thermal diffusivity is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 26992 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 528625 citation(s).

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: When a soluble substance is introduced into a fluid flowing slowly through a small-bore tube it spreads out under the combined action of molecular diffusion and the variation of velocity over the cross-section. It is shown analytically that the distribution of concentration produced in this way is centred on a point which moves with the mean speed of flow and is symmetrical about it in spite of the asymmetry of the flow. The dispersion along the tube is governed by a virtual coefficient of diffusivity which can be calculated from observed distributions of concentration. Since the analysis relates the longitudinal diffusivity to the coefficient of molecular diffusion, observations of concentration along a tube provide a new method for measuring diffusion coefficients. The coefficient so obtained was found, with potassium permanganate, to agree with that measured in other ways. The results may be useful to physiologists who may wish to know how a soluble salt is dispersed in blood streams.

4,286 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A flash method of measuring the thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity is described for the first time. A high‐intensity short‐duration light pulse is absorbed in the front surface of a thermally insulated specimen a few millimeters thick coated with camphor black, and the resulting temperature history of the rear surface is measured by a thermocouple and recorded with an oscilloscope and camera. The thermal diffusivity is determined by the shape of the temperature versus time curve at the rear surface, the heat capacity by the maximum temperature indicated by the thermocouple, and the thermal conductivity by the product of the heat capacity, thermal diffusivity, and the density. These three thermal properties are determined for copper, silver, iron, nickel, aluminum, tin, zinc, and some alloys at 22°C and 135°C and compared with previously reported values.

3,213 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Variational theorems are established and applied to the derivation of bounds for the effective magnetic permeability of macroscopically homogeneous and isotropic multiphase materials. For reasons of mathematical analogy the results are also valid for the dielectric constant, electric conductivity, heat conductivity, and diffusivity of such materials. For the case of two‐phase materials, the bounds derived are the most restrictive ones that can be given in terms of the phase permeabilities and volume fractions. Comparison of present theoretical results with existing experimental data shows good agreement.

2,636 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Usual heat transfer fluids with suspended ultra fine particles of nanometer size are named as nanofluids, which have opened a new dimension in heat transfer processes. The recent investigations confirm the potential of nanofluids in enhancing heat transfer required for present age technology. The present investigation goes detailed into investigating the increase of thermal conductivity with temperature for nano fluids with water as base fluid and particles of Al 2 O 3 or CuO as suspension material. A temperature oscillation technique is utilized for the measurement of thermal diffusivity and thermal conductivity is calculated from it

2,012 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 1986
Abstract: This chapter describes several laboratory methods of determining the hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic diffusivity. Water moves through soil in response to various forces acting upon it. The chemical species water may be transported due to bulk movement of the liquid phase or soil solution, or it may be transported by diffusion relative to the mean motion of the liquid phase. The chapter deals with bulk movement, under isothermal conditions, of the liquid phase in response to mechanical driving forces. However, the transport of water in the gas phase by vapor diffusion will be included in the measured hydraulic conductivity and diffusivity, especially at low water contents. The concept of parameter identification has been applied to the determination of the parameters in the hydraulic conductivity and water retention functions. The method involves the measurement of some aspect of the response of a soil water flow system to a set of applied boundary conditions.

1,651 citations

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