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Thermal stability

About: Thermal stability is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 38907 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 767839 citation(s).

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Journal ArticleDOI
S. S.-Y. Chui1, S. M.-F. Lo1, J. P. H. Charmant2, A. G. Orpen2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
19 Feb 1999-Science
Abstract: Although zeolites and related materials combine nanoporosity with high thermal stability, they are difficult to modify or derivatize in a systematic way. A highly porous metal coordination polymer [Cu3(TMA)2(H2O)3]n (where TMA is benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate) was formed in 80 percent yield. It has interconnected [Cu2(O2CR)4] units (where R is an aromatic ring), which create a three-dimensional system of channels with a pore size of 1 nanometer and an accessible porosity of about 40 percent in the solid. Unlike zeolites, the channel linings can be chemically functionalized; for example, the aqua ligands can be replaced by pyridines. Thermal gravimetric analysis and high-temperature single-crystal diffractometry indicate that the framework is stable up to 240 degreesC.

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4,590 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Kyo Sung Park1, Zheng Ni1, Adrien P. Côté1, Jae Yong Choi2  +5 moreInstitutions (4)
TL;DR: Study of the gas adsorption and thermal and chemical stability of two prototypical members, ZIF-8 and -11, demonstrated their permanent porosity, high thermal stability, and remarkable chemical resistance to boiling alkaline water and organic solvents.

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Abstract: Twelve zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs; termed ZIF-1 to -12) have been synthesized as crystals by copolymerization of either Zn(II) (ZIF-1 to -4, -6 to -8, and -10 to -11) or Co(II) (ZIF-9 and -12) with imidazolate-type links. The ZIF crystal structures are based on the nets of seven distinct aluminosilicate zeolites: tetrahedral Si(Al) and the bridging O are replaced with transition metal ion and imidazolate link, respectively. In addition, one example of mixed-coordination imidazolate of Zn(II) and In(III) (ZIF-5) based on the garnet net is reported. Study of the gas adsorption and thermal and chemical stability of two prototypical members, ZIF-8 and -11, demonstrated their permanent porosity (Langmuir surface area = 1,810 m 2 /g), high thermal stability (up to 550°C), and remarkable chemical resistance to boiling alkaline water and organic solvents.

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4,525 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: New, hydrophobic ionic liquids with low melting points (<−30 °C to ambient temperature) have been synthesized and investigated, based on 1,3-dialkyl imidazolium cations and hydrophilic anions and thus water-soluble.

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Abstract: New, hydrophobic ionic liquids with low melting points (<−30 °C to ambient temperature) have been synthesized and investigated, based on 1,3-dialkyl imidazolium cations and hydrophobic anions. Other imidazolium molten salts with hydrophilic anions and thus water-soluble are also described. The molten salts were characterized by NMR and elemental analysis. Their density, melting point, viscosity, conductivity, refractive index, electrochemical window, thermal stability, and miscibility with water and organic solvents were determined. The influence of the alkyl substituents in 1, 2, 3, and 4(5)-positions on these properties was scrutinized. Viscosities as low as 35 cP (for 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)amide (bis(triflyl)amide) and trifluoroacetate) and conductivities as high as 9.6 mS/cm were obtained. Photophysical probe studies were carried out to establish more precisely the solvent properties of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)amide). The hydrophobi...

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3,951 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2001-Green Chemistry
Abstract: A series of hydrophilic and hydrophobic 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have been prepared and characterized to determine how water content, density, viscosity, surface tension, melting point, and thermal stability are affected by changes in alkyl chain length and anion. In the series of RTILs studied here, the choice of anion determines water miscibility and has the most dramatic effect on the properties. Hydrophilic anions (e.g., chloride and iodide) produce ionic liquids that are miscible in any proportion with water but, upon the removal of some water from the solution, illustrate how sensitive the physical properties are to a change in water content. In comparison, for ionic liquids containing more hydrophobic anions (e.g., PF6− and N(SO2CF3)2−), the removal of water has a smaller affect on the resulting properties. For a series of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cations, increasing the alkyl chain length from butyl to hexyl to octyl increases the hydrophobicity and the viscosities of the ionic liquids increase, whereas densities and surface tension values decrease. Thermal analyses indicate high temperatures are attainable prior to decomposition and DSC studies reveal a glass transition for several samples. ILs incorporating PF6− have been used in liquid/liquid partitioning of organic molecules from water and the results for two of these are also discussed here. On a cautionary note, the chemistry of the individual cations and anions of the ILs should not be overlooked as, in the case of certain conditions for PF6− ILs, contact with an aqueous phase may result in slow hydrolysis of the PF6− with the concomitant release of HF and other species.

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3,297 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Wenchao Zhao1, Deping Qian2, Shaoqing Zhang1, Sunsun Li1  +3 moreInstitutions (2)
01 Jun 2016-Advanced Materials
TL;DR: A nonfullerene-based polymer solar cell (PSC) that significantly outperforms fullerene -based PSCs with respect to the power-conversion efficiency and excellent thermal stability is demonstrated for the first time.

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Abstract: A nonfullerene-based polymer solar cell (PSC) that significantly outperforms fullerene-based PSCs with respect to the power-conversion efficiency is demonstrated for the first time. An efficiency of >11%, which is among the top values in the PSC field, and excellent thermal stability is obtained using PBDB-T and ITIC as donor and acceptor, respectively.

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1,485 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2022105
20212,115
20202,207
20192,233
20182,245
20172,137

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Shadpour Mallakpour

98 papers, 1.6K citations

Yuan Hu

95 papers, 3.9K citations

Ali Morsali

69 papers, 1.5K citations

Ju-Yeon Lee

63 papers, 497 citations

Maria Bruma

42 papers, 767 citations