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Thin-film transistor

About: Thin-film transistor is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 48425 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 680879 citation(s). The topic is also known as: TFT. more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE03090
Kenji Nomura1, Hiromichi Ohta1, Akihiro Takagi1, Toshio Kamiya1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
25 Nov 2004-Nature
Abstract: Transparent electronic devices formed on flexible substrates are expected to meet emerging technological demands where silicon-based electronics cannot provide a solution. Examples of active flexible applications include paper displays and wearable computers1. So far, mainly flexible devices based on hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H)2,3,4,5 and organic semiconductors2,6,7,8,9,10 have been investigated. However, the performance of these devices has been insufficient for use as transistors in practical computers and current-driven organic light-emitting diode displays. Fabricating high-performance devices is challenging, owing to a trade-off between processing temperature and device performance. Here, we propose to solve this problem by using a novel semiconducting material—namely, a transparent amorphous oxide semiconductor from the In-Ga-Zn-O system (a-IGZO)—for the active channel in transparent thin-film transistors (TTFTs). The a-IGZO is deposited on polyethylene terephthalate at room temperature and exhibits Hall effect mobilities exceeding 10 cm2 V-1 s-1, which is an order of magnitude larger than for hydrogenated amorphous silicon. TTFTs fabricated on polyethylene terephthalate sheets exhibit saturation mobilities of 6–9 cm2 V-1 s-1, and device characteristics are stable during repetitive bending of the TTFT sheet. more

Topics: Amorphous silicon (58%), Indium gallium zinc oxide (56%), Thin-film transistor (55%) more

6,692 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1083212
Kenji Nomura1, Hiromichi Ohta1, Kazushige Ueda1, Toshio Kamiya1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
23 May 2003-Science
Abstract: We report the fabrication of transparent field-effect transistors using a single-crystalline thin-film transparent oxide semiconductor, InGaO 3 (ZnO) 5 , as an electron channel and amorphous hafnium oxide as a gate insulator. The device exhibits an on-to-off current ratio of ∼10 6 and a field-effect mobility of ∼80 square centimeters per volt per second at room temperature, with operation insensitive to visible light irradiation. The result provides a step toward the realization of transparent electronics for next-generation optoelectronics. more

Topics: Gate oxide (57%), Thin-film transistor (57%), Field-effect transistor (56%) more

2,616 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ADMA.201103228
12 Jun 2012-Advanced Materials
Abstract: Transparent electronics is today one of the most advanced topics for a wide range of device applications. The key components are wide bandgap semiconductors, where oxides of different origins play an important role, not only as passive component but also as active component, similar to what is observed in conventional semiconductors like silicon. Transparent electronics has gained special attention during the last few years and is today established as one of the most promising technologies for leading the next generation of flat panel display due to its excellent electronic performance. In this paper the recent progress in n- and p-type oxide based thin-film transistors (TFT) is reviewed, with special emphasis on solution-processed and p-type, and the major milestones already achieved with this emerging and very promising technology are summarizeed. After a short introduction where the main advantages of these semiconductors are presented, as well as the industry expectations, the beautiful history of TFTs is revisited, including the main landmarks in the last 80 years, finishing by referring to some papers that have played an important role in shaping transparent electronics. Then, an overview is presented of state of the art n-type TFTs processed by physical vapour deposition methods, and finally one of the most exciting, promising, and low cost but powerful technologies is discussed: solution-processed oxide TFTs. Moreover, a more detailed focus analysis will be given concerning p-type oxide TFTs, mainly centred on two of the most promising semiconductor candidates: copper oxide and tin oxide. The most recent data related to the production of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) devices based on n- and p-type oxide TFT is also be presented. The last topic of this review is devoted to some emerging applications, finalizing with the main conclusions. Related work that originated at CENIMAT|I3N during the last six years is included in more detail, which has led to the fabrication of high performance n- and p-type oxide transistors as well as the fabrication of CMOS devices with and on paper. more

2,076 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1143/JJAP.45.4303
Kenji Nomura1, Akihiro Takagi1, Toshio Kamiya1, Hiromichi Ohta1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Recently, we have demonstrated the potential of amorphous oxide semiconductors (AOSs) for developing flexible thin-film transistors (TFTs). A material exploration of AOSs desired as the channel layer in TFTs is most important for developing high-performance devices. Here, we report our concept of material exploration for AOSs in high-performance flexible and transparent TFTs from the viewpoints of chemical bonding and electronic structure in oxide semiconductors. We find that amorphous In–Ga–Zn–O (a-IGZO) exhibits good carrier transport properties such as reasonably high Hall mobilities (>10 cm2V-1s-1) and a good controllability of carrier concentration from <1015 to 1020 cm-3. In addition, a-IGZO films have better chemical stabilities in ambient atmosphere and at temperatures up to 500 °C. The flexible and transparent TFT fabricated using a-IGZO channel layer at room temperature operated with excellent performances, such as normally-off characteristics, on/off current ratios (~106) and field-effect mobilities (~10 cm2V-1s-1), which are higher by an order of magnitude than those of amorphous Si:H and organics TFTs. more

Topics: Oxide thin-film transistor (61%), Thin-film transistor (56%), Amorphous solid (56%) more

1,585 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/1.1534627
Abstract: Bottom-gate-type thin film transistors using ZnO as an active channel layer (ZnO–TFT) have been constructed. The ZnO layers were deposited using pulsed laser deposition at 450 °C at an oxygen pressure of 3 m Torr, and the material that was formed had a background carrier concentration of less than 5×1016 cm−3. A double layer gate insulator consisting of SiO2 and SiNx was effective in suppressing leakage current and enabling the ZnO–TFT to operate successfully. The Ion/Ioff ratio of ZnO–TFTs fabricated on Si wafers was more than 105 and the optical transmittance of ZnO–TFTs fabricated on glass was more than 80%. These results show that it is possible to fabricate a transparent TFT that can even be operated in the presence of visible light. more

1,522 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Shunpei Yamazaki

484 papers, 11.4K citations

Jin Jang

286 papers, 5.1K citations

Arokia Nathan

182 papers, 5.2K citations

Min-Koo Han

160 papers, 1.4K citations

Man Wong

138 papers, 1.3K citations

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