About: Thiophene is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 17248 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 296658 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Thiophen & thiofuran.
18 Feb 2011-Journal of the American Chemical Society
TL;DR: The synthesis and polymerization of a novel thieno[3,2-b]thiophene-diketopyrrolopyrrole-based monomer is reported, which has a maximum hole mobility of 1.95 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1), which is the highest mobility from a polymer-based OFET reported to date.
Abstract: We report the synthesis and polymerization of a novel thieno[3,2-b]thiophene−diketopyrrolopyrrole-based monomer. Copolymerization with thiophene afforded a polymer with a maximum hole mobility of 1.95 cm2 V−1 s−1, which is the highest mobility from a polymer-based OFET reported to date. Bulk-heterojunction solar cells comprising this polymer and PC71BM gave a power conversion efficiency of 5.4%.
14 Oct 2000-Energy & Fuels
Abstract: The oxidation of model sulfur compounds (thiophene derivatives, benzothiophene derivatives, and dibenzothiophene derivatives), straight run-light gas oil (SR-LGO, S: 1.35 wt %), and vacuum gas oil (VGO, S: 2.17 wt %) were conducted with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and formic acid. The thiophene derivatives with 5.696 to 5.716 electron densities on the sulfur atoms could not be oxidized at 50 °C. Benzo[b]thiophene with 5.739 electron density and other benzothiophene and dibenzothiophenes with higher electron densities could be oxidized. The sulfur compounds in SR-LGO and VGO appeared to be oxidized to a detectable levels (c.a., 0.01 wt % S) by GC-FPD analysis. The IR spectra of oxidized SR-LGO and VGO showed that sulfones were formed by oxidation. The removal of sulfur compounds by extraction became more effective for the oxidized samples than for the original samples. Lighter sulfur compounds were preferentially extracted. The extraction efficiencies of solvents, i.e., N,N‘-dimethylformamide (DMF), a...
13 Jan 2017-Journal of the American Chemical Society
TL;DR: The effects of the fluorine atom number and position on electronic properties, charge transport, film morphology, and photovoltaic properties are investigated.
Abstract: We design and synthesize four fused-ring electron acceptors based on 6,6,12,12-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-indacenobis(dithieno[3,2-b;2′,3′-d]thiophene) as the electron-rich unit and 1,1-dicyanomethylene-3-indanones with 0–2 fluorine substituents as the electron-deficient units. These four molecules exhibit broad (550–850 nm) and strong absorption with high extinction coefficients of (2.1–2.5) × 105 M–1 cm–1. Fluorine substitution downshifts the LUMO energy level, red-shifts the absorption spectrum, and enhances electron mobility. The polymer solar cells based on the fluorinated electron acceptors exhibit power conversion efficiencies as high as 11.5%, much higher than that of their nonfluorinated counterpart (7.7%). We investigate the effects of the fluorine atom number and position on electronic properties, charge transport, film morphology, and photovoltaic properties.
29 Apr 2003-New Journal of Chemistry
Abstract: We have developed new coumarin dyes having thiophene moieties in order to improve the photovoltaic performance of dye-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cells based on the organic dyes as photosensitizers. A solar-energy-to-electricity conversion efficiency (η) of 7.7% was attained under AM 1.5 irradiation (100 mW cm−2) with a short-circuit current density (Jsc) of 14.3 mA cm−2, an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.73 V, and a fill factor (ff) of 0.74.
29 May 2008-Chemistry of Materials
Abstract: Novel organic dyes (MK dyes), which have a carbazole derivative as an electron donor and a cyanoacrylic acid moiety (═C(—C≡N)COOH) as an electron acceptor and an anchoring group, connected with n-hexyl-substituted oligothiophenes as a π-conjugated system, were designed and synthesized for application in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), which are one of the promising molecular photovoltaics. The photovoltaic performance of the DSSCs based on MK dyes markedly depends on the molecular structure of the dyes in terms of the number and position of n-hexyl chains and the number of thiophene moieties. Retardation of charge recombination caused by the existence of n-hexyl chains linked to the thiophene groups resulted in an increase in electron lifetime. As a consequence, an improvement of open-circuit photovoltage (Voc) and hence the solar-to-electric power conversion efficiency (η) of DSSCs was achieved upon addition of n-hexyl chains to the thiophene groups. In addition, the adsorption condition (amount of d...