Topic

# Topology optimization

About: Topology optimization is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 11472 publications have been published within this topic receiving 229079 citations.

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a methodology for optimal shape design based on homogenization, which is related to modern production techniques and consists of computing the optimal distribution in space of an anisotropic material that is constructed by introducing an infimum of periodically distributed small holes in a given homogeneous, i.i.

Abstract: Optimal shape design of structural elements based on boundary variations results in final designs that are topologically equivalent to the initial choice of design, and general, stable computational schemes for this approach often require some kind of remeshing of the finite element approximation of the analysis problem. This paper presents a methodology for optimal shape design where both these drawbacks can be avoided. The method is related to modern production techniques and consists of computing the optimal distribution in space of an anisotropic material that is constructed by introducing an infimum of periodically distributed small holes in a given homogeneous, i~otropic material, with the requirement that the resulting structure can carry the given loads as well as satisfy other design requirements. The computation of effective material properties for the anisotropic material is carried out using the method of homogenization. Computational results are presented and compared with results obtained by boundary variations.

5,858 citations

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17 Sep 2011

TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a topology optimization by distribution of isotropic material for truss structures with anisotropic materials, based on the topology design of truss structure.

Abstract: 1 Topology optimization by distribution of isotropic material- 2 Extensions and applications- 3 Design with anisotropic materials- 4 Topology design of truss structures- 5 Appendices- 6 Bibliographical notes- References- Author Index

4,881 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a new method for non-linear programming in general and structural optimization in particular is presented, in which a strictly convex approximating subproblem is generated and solved.

Abstract: A new method for non-linear programming in general and structural optimization in particular is presented. In each step of the iterative process, a strictly convex approximating subproblem is generated and solved. The generation of these subproblems is controlled by so called ‘moving asymptotes’, which may both stabilize and speed up the convergence of the general process.

4,218 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, various ways of removing this discrete nature of the problem by the introduction of a density function that is a continuous design variable are described. But none of these methods can be used for shape optimization in a general setting.

Abstract: Shape optimization in a general setting requires the determination of the optimal spatial material distribution for given loads and boundary conditions. Every point in space is thus a material point or a void and the optimization problem is a discrete variable one. This paper describes various ways of removing this discrete nature of the problem by the introduction of a density function that is a continuous design variable. Domains of high density then define the shape of the mechanical element. For intermediate densities, material parameters given by an artificial material law can be used. Alternatively, the density can arise naturally through the introduction of periodically distributed, microscopic voids, so that effective material parameters for intermediate density values can be computed through homogenization. Several examples in two-dimensional elasticity illustrate that these methods allow a determination of the topology of a mechanical element, as required for a boundary variations shape optimization technique.

3,434 citations

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TL;DR: A new approach to structural topology optimization that represents the structural boundary by a level set model that is embedded in a scalar function of a higher dimension that demonstrates outstanding flexibility of handling topological changes, fidelity of boundary representation and degree of automation.

2,404 citations