Trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry
About: Trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 4915 publications have been published within this topic receiving 94730 citations. The topic is also known as: trigonal bipyramid & Trigonal bypiramid.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the linear quadridentate N2S2 donor ligand 1,7-bis(N-methylbenzimidazol-2′-yl)-2,6-dithiaheptane (bmdhp) forms mono-and di-hydrate 1 : 1 copper(II) complexes which are significantly more stable toward autoreduction than those of the non-methylated analogue.
Abstract: The linear quadridentate N2S2 donor ligand 1,7-bis(N-methylbenzimidazol-2′-yl)-2,6-dithiaheptane (bmdhp) forms mono- and di-hydrate 1 : 1 copper(II) complexes which are significantly more stable toward autoreduction than those of the non-methylated analogue. The deep green monohydrate of the perchlorate salt crystallises as the mononuclear aqua-complex, [Cu(bmdhp)(OH2)][ClO4]2, in the monoclinic space group P21/n, with Z= 4, a= 18.459(3), b= 10.362(2), c= 16.365(3)A, and β= 117.14(1)°. The structure was solved and refined by standard Patterson, Fourier, and least-squares techniques to R= 0.047 and R′= 0.075 for 3 343 independent reflections with l > 2σ(l). The compound consists of [Cu(bmdhp)(OH2)]2+ ions and ClO4– counter ions. The co-ordination around copper is intermediate between trigonal bipyramidal and square pyramidal, with Cu–N distances of 1.950(4) and 1.997(4)A, Cu–O(water) 2.225(4)A, and Cu–S 2.328(1) and 2.337(1)A. In the solid state, the perchlorate dihydrate's co-ordination sphere may be a topoisomer of the monohydrate's. A new angular structural parameter, τ, is defined and proposed as an index of trigonality, as a general descriptor of five-co-ordinate centric molecules. By this criterion, the irregular co-ordination geometry of [Cu(bmdhp)(OH2)]2+ in the solid state is described as being 48% along the pathway of distortion from square pyramidal toward trigonal bipyramidal. In the electronic spectrum of the complex, assignment is made of the S(thioether)→ Cu charge-transfer bands by comparison with those of the colourless complex Zn(bmdhp)(OH)(ClO4). E.s.r. and ligand-field spectra show that the copper(II) compounds adopt a tetragonal structure in donor solvents.
TL;DR: In this article, the synthesis, characterization, and ethylene polymerization behavior of a series of iron and cobalt halide complexes, LMXn, bearing chelating 2,6-bis(imino)pyridyl ligands L [L = 2.6-(ArNCR1)2C5H3N] is reported.
Abstract: The synthesis, characterization, and ethylene polymerization behavior of a series of iron and cobalt halide complexes, LMXn (M = Fe, X = Cl, n = 2, 3, X = Br, n = 2; M = Co, X = Cl, n = 2), bearing chelating 2,6-bis(imino)pyridyl ligands L [L = 2,6-(ArNCR1)2C5H3N] is reported. X-ray diffraction studies show the geometry at the metal centers to be either distorted square pyramidal or distorted trigonal bipyramidal. Treatment of the complexes LMXn with methylaluminoxane (MAO) leads to highly active ethylene polymerization catalysts converting ethylene to highly linear polyethylene (PE). LFeX2 precatalysts with ketimine ligands (R1 = Me) are approximately an order of magnitude more active than precatalysts with aldimine ligands (R1 = H). Catalyst productivities in the range 3750−20600 g/mmol·h·bar are observed for Fe-based ketimine catalysts, while Co ketimine systems display activities of 450−1740 g/mmol·h·bar. Molecular weights (Mw) of the polymers produced are in the range 14000−611000. Changing reaction ...
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that the high catalytic rates observed with these complexes are a result of the positioning of the nitrogen base so that it plays an important role in the formation and cleavage of the H-H bond.
Abstract: Highly efficient electrocatalysts for both hydrogen evolution and hydrogen oxidation have been designed, synthesized, and characterized. The catalysts in their resting states are air-stable, mononuclear nickel(II) complexes containing cyclic diphosphine ligands with nitrogen bases incorporated into the ligand backbone. X-ray diffraction studies have established that the cation of [Ni(PPh2NPh2)2(CH3CN)](BF4)2, 6a, (where PPh2NPh2 is 1,3,5,7-tetraphenyl-1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane) is a trigonal bipyramid with bonds to four phosphorus atoms of the two bidentate diphosphine ligands and the nitrogen atom of an acetonitrile molecule. Two of the six-membered rings formed by the diphosphine ligands and Ni have boat conformations with an average Ni- - -N distance to the two pendant bases of 3.4 A. The cation of [Ni(PCy2NBz2)2](BF4)2, 6b, (where Cy = cyclohexyl and Bz = benzyl) is a distorted square planar complex. For 6b, all four six-membered rings formed upon coordination of the diphosphine ligands to th...
TL;DR: In this article, a crystal structure (R = 20%) of an azide chloroperoxidase complex reveals the geometry of the catalytic vanadium center, resulting in a structure with azide, three nonprotein oxygens, and a histidine as ligands.
Abstract: The chloroperoxidase (EC 1.11.1.-) from the fungus Curvularia inaequalis belongs to a class of vanadium enzymes that oxidize halides in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to the corresponding hypohalous acids. The 2.1 A crystal structure (R = 20%) of an azide chloroperoxidase complex reveals the geometry of the catalytic vanadium center. Azide coordinates directly to the metal center, resulting in a structure with azide, three nonprotein oxygens, and a histidine as ligands. In the native state vanadium will be bound as hydrogen vanadate(V) in a trigonal bipyramidal coordination with the metal coordinated to three oxygens in the equatorial plane, to the OH group at one apical position, and to the epsilon 2 nitrogen of a histidine at the other apical position. The protein fold is mainly alpha-helical with two four-helix bundles as main structural motifs and an overall structure different from other structures. The helices pack together to a compact molecule, which explains the high stability of the protein. An amino acid sequence comparison with vanadium-containing bromoperoxidase from the seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum shows high similarities in the regions of the metal binding site, with all hydrogen vanadate(V) interacting residues conserved except for lysine-353, which is an asparagine.
TL;DR: In this paper, the trinuclear unit is held together by bridging deprotonated phenolic oxygen atoms from the Schiff base and acetate groups, and the structures of the three synthesised complexes have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction.
Abstract: Mono-, tri- and dinuclear neutral complexes [Ni(HL)(L)] · (ClO4) · 0.16(H2O) (1), [ZnLZn(OOCCH3)4ZnL] (2) and [Cd2L2(OCH3CO)2(H2O)2] (3) have been obtained from the reaction between the potentially tridentate N,N,O-donor Schiff base ligand HL, where HL = N-2-pyridylmethylidene-2-hydroxy-phenylamine with nickel, zinc or cadmium salts, respectively. The ligand has been prepared by 1:1 condensation of pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde and 2-aminophenol. The ligand and metal complexes were characterised by elemental analysis, spectroscopic studies such as IR, UV–Vis, 1H NMR, fluorescence, electrochemical and magnetic susceptibility measurement. The structures of the three complexes have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The nickel ions in 1 show a distorted mer-octahedral geometry. In 2, the terminal zinc ions have coordination geometry midway between square pyramidal and trigonal bipyramidal, whilst the central zinc ion has slightly distorted octahedral geometry. The trinuclear unit is held together by bridging deprotonated phenolic oxygen atoms from the Schiff base and acetate groups. In 3, two monocapped-octahedron cadmium ions are held together by μ2-diphenoxo bridges. Among the three synthesised complexes, 1 is nonfluorescent while the other two can serve as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic fluorescence properties.